background preloader

On the hunt for universal intelligence

On the hunt for universal intelligence
How do you use a scientific method to measure the intelligence of a human being, an animal, a machine or an extra-terrestrial? So far this has not been possible, but a team of Spanish and Australian researchers have taken a first step towards this by presenting the foundations to be used as a basis for this method in the journal Artificial Intelligence, and have also put forward a new intelligence test. "We have developed an 'anytime' intelligence test, in other words a test that can be interrupted at any time, but that gives a more accurate idea of the intelligence of the test subject if there is a longer time available in which to carry it out", José Hernández-Orallo, a researcher at the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), tells SINC. This is just one of the many determining factors of the universal intelligence test. The researcher, along with his colleague David L. Use in artificial intelligence Explore further: Ant colonies help evacuees in disaster zones Related:  ScienceThe Universe: Cosmology, Astronomy & AstrobiologySuperintelligencedocs imp

The Dominant Life Form in the Cosmos Is Probably Superintelligent Robots prophesied the rise of artificial intelligence Susan Schneider, a professor of philosophy at the University of Connecticut, is one who has. She joins a handful of astronomers, including Seth Shostak, director of NASA’s Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, or SETI, program, NASA Astrobiologist Paul Davies, and Library of Congress Chair in Astrobiology Stephen Dick in espousing the view that the dominant intelligence in the cosmos is probably artificial. In her paper “Alien Minds," written for a forthcoming NASA publication, Schneider describes why alien life forms are likely to be synthetic, and how such creatures might think. “Most people have an iconic idea of aliens as these biological creatures, but that doesn’t make any sense from a timescale argument,” Shostak told me. With the latest updates from NASA’s Kepler mission showing potentially habitable worlds strewn across the galaxy, it’s becoming harder and harder to assert that we’re alone in the universe. I hope she’s right.

How Self-Replicating Spacecraft Could Take Over the Galaxy I'm going to re-post here a previous comment I made on this subject, because I think it's worth repeating. Any alien civilization that is sufficiently developed enough to span the cosmos, will be so far advanced from us, that we would not be able to even comprehend their technology and in turn they probably wouldn't even recognise us as a sentient intelligent species. I've always found the "Well if there are aliens why haven't they said hello?" argument to be far too arrogant. There are islands all over the oceans of our world that are nothing more than rocks sticking out of the water with bacteria on them. That's us, the barren rock. The alien probes have probably been through out solar system many times (we'd never know) looked at our skyscrapers, cities and agriculture.

Nick Bostrom’s Superintelligence and the metaphorical AI time bomb Frank Knight was an idiosyncratic economist who formalized a distinction between risk and uncertainty in his 1921 book Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit. As Knight saw it, an ever-changing world brings new opportunities, but also means we have imperfect knowledge of future events. According to Knight, risk applies to situations where we do not know the outcome of a given situation, but can accurately measure the odds. Uncertainty, on the other hand, applies to situations where we cannot know all the information we need in order to set accurate odds in the first place. “There is a fundamental distinction between the reward for taking a known risk and that for assuming a risk whose value itself is not known,” Knight wrote. Sometimes, due to uncertainty, we react too little or too late, but sometimes we overreact. Artificial Intelligence may be one of the areas where we overreact. Perhaps Elon was thinking of Blake’s The Book of Urizen when he described AI as ‘summoning the demon’:

La cartographie SIG en ligne ou Web mapping: les outils «libres» Sommaire I) Principe général de fonctionnement d’un serveur cartographique II) Solutions côté client III) Solutions côté serveur IV) Discussion Conclusion Le Web Mapping, ou diffusion de cartes via le réseau Internet, est un domaine en pleine expansion grâce au développement des solutions Open Source. Autour de l’incontournable MapServer, l’objectif du présent article est d’établir un état des lieux des solutions «applicatives» qui facilitent la mise en ligne et la maintenance d’information géographique. 1) Principe général de fonctionnement d’un serveur cartographique Le serveur cartographique est le guichet automatique auquel l’utilisateur fait appel pour afficher des cartes sur son poste informatique. L’utilisateur, à partir de son terminal effectue des requêtes pour demander l’affichage d’une carte spécifique; le serveur cartographique interprète cette requête et renvoie la carte sous la forme d’une image matricielle (png, jpg,…) ou vectorielle (svg, swf,…). 2) Solutions côté client Notes

New Data Suggests Earth-Like Planets Lie Throughout the Galaxy - Futurism | Futurism Page 1 of 24012345...102030...»Last » Do Robots Rule the Galaxy? Astronomy news this week bolstered the idea that the seeds of life are all over our solar system. NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft identified carbon compounds at Mercury's poles. Probing nearly 65 feet beneath the icy surface of a remote Antarctic lake, scientists uncovered a community of bacteria existing in one of Earth's darkest, saltiest and coldest habitats. And the dune buggy Mars Science Lab is beginning to look for carbon in soil samples. But the rulers of our galaxy may have brains made of the semiconductor materials silicon, germanium and gallium. PHOTOS: Alien Robots That Left Their Mark on Mars The idea of malevolent robots subjugating and killing off humans has been the staple of numerous science fiction books and movies. My favorite self-parody of this idea is the 1970 film "Colossus: the Forbin Project." A decade ago our worst apprehension of computers was no more than seeing Microsoft's dancing paper clip pop up on the screen. PHOTOS: NASA Welcomes Our Surgical Robot Overlords

Can AI save us from AI? | Singularity HUB Can AI save us from AI? Nick Bostrom’s book Superintelligence might just be the most debated technology book of the year. Since its release, big names in tech and science, including Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk, have warned of the dangers of artificial intelligence. Bostrom says that while we don’t know exactly when artificial intelligence will rival human intelligence, many experts believe there is a good chance it will happen at some point during the 21st century. He suggests that when AI reaches a human level of intelligence, it may very rapidly move past humans as it takes over its own development. The concept has long been discussed and is often described as an “intelligence explosion”—a term coined by computer scientist IJ Good fifty years ago. “Let an ultraintelligent machine be defined as a machine that can far surpass all the intellectual activities of any man, however clever. Broader and seemingly beneficial goal setting might backfire too. So, what do you think?

Appropriation d’archives ou de données | PROFIL Signalement Date de création : octobre 2013 Genre : Réutilisation du patrimoine numérisé, Storytelling Commanditaire : Hackathon DataCulture du MCC (lauréat du Grand Prix) Réalisation : Antoine Courtin, Lilian Madelon, Clement Hallet Compte Twitter : @LucienStory Principe : Articuler archives… Read more → Relevé publié dans « Les comptes Twitter de vrais poilus se développent« , Revue française de généalogie, novembre 2014 Compte Nature du compte Nombre de tweets Nombre d’abonnés @Albert100ans@Albert_WW1 Lettres d’Albert B., 23 ans, mobilisé dans le 25e bataillon des chasseurs cycliste,… Read more → Signalement Date de création : 5 août 2014 (à l’occasion du centenaire de la Grande Guerre) Genre : Journal 14-18 augmenté (illustrations, hyperliens et indexation) Commanditaire : Résidence au ministère de la Culture et de la communication, dans le cadre… Read more → Read more → Read more → Read more → Read more → Read more → Read more →

Extraterrestrial Life The official U.S. government position on extraterrestrial life and the three major efforts to search for it. Clockwise from top left: The development and testing of hypotheses on extraterrestrial life is known as "exobiology" or "astrobiology", although astrobiology also considers Earth-based life in its astronomical context. Many scientists consider extraterrestrial life plausible, but there is no direct evidence of its existence.[2] Since the mid-20th century, there has been an ongoing search for signs of extraterrestrial life, from radios used to detect possible extraterrestrial signals, to telescopes used to search for potentially habitable extrasolar planets.[3] It has also played a major role in works of science fiction. Science fiction works, especially Hollywood's involvement, has increased over the years the public's interest in the possibility of extraterrestrial life. §Background §Possible basis §Biochemistry All life on Earth is based upon 26 chemical elements.

The Stanford Astrobiology Course Welcome and introduction to website Astrobiology is at once one of the newest of scientific meta-disciplines, while at the same time encompassing some of our oldest and most profound questions. Beyond strictly utilitarian concerns, such as “what is for dinner?” and leaving offspring, asking the three great questions of astrobiology seems to be embedded in what it means to be human. So what is Astrobiology? 1. 2. 3. To fulfill the promise of Astrobiology requires a tool not normally in many scientists’ arsenal: space exploration. This website has grown out of the oldest such class in the country, Stanford’s “Astrobiology and Space Exploration” course. This website arises as a complement to the lectures available on iTunesU and the many other wonderful astrobiology and space exploration related web sites. Where do we come from? Where are we going? Are we alone? Space Exploration

Superintelligence A superintelligence, hyperintelligence, or superhuman intelligence is a hypothetical agent that possesses intelligence far surpassing that of the brightest and most gifted human minds. ‘’Superintelligence’’ may also refer to the form or degree of intelligence possessed by such an agent. Technological forecasters and researchers disagree about when human intelligence is likely to be surpassed. Some argue that advances in artificial intelligence (AI) will probably result in general reasoning systems that lack human cognitive limitations. Experts in AI and biotechnology do not expect any of these technologies to produce a superintelligence in the very near future. Definition[edit] Summarizing the views of intelligence researchers, Linda Gottfredson writes: Intelligence is a very general mental capability that, among other things, involves the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas, learn quickly, and learn from experience. Feasibility[edit]

S'inscrire dans le temps et s'approprier l'espace: enjeux de pérennisation d'un événement éphémère Notes Le mouvement des intermittents de l’été 2003 en France, qui a été à l’origine de l’annulation d’un grand nombre de festivals, a été très révélateur de la multitude d’enjeux, y compris et notamment économiques, qui s’articulent autour de ces événements souvent considérés avec condescendance. Nous n’insisterons donc pas, dans le cadre de cet article, sur le rôle et les rapports entre acteurs, analysés dans un travail précédent, (Gravari-Barbas et Veschambre, 2003) même si ceux-ci sont étroitement liés à des processus d’appropriation de l’espace. Cette étude portait sur six villes et leurs festivals : Angoulême, Aurillac, Lorient, Nantes, Rennes et Saint-Malo. Nom donné localement aux structures de toile qui accueillent les éditeurs et les auteurs. Charente Libre, 28/01/03. Chaque année, la manifestation est présidée et animée par le lauréat du grand prix de la BD décerné l’année précédente. Propos du président de l’association, Sud-Ouest, 28 janvier 2003. Précisons que P.