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Reinforcement and Punishment

Reinforcement and Punishment
Learning Objectives Explain the difference between reinforcement and punishment (including positive and negative reinforcement and positive and negative punishment)Define shapingDifferentiate between primary and secondary reinforcers In discussing operant conditioning, we use several everyday words—positive, negative, reinforcement, and punishment—in a specialized manner. In operant conditioning, positive and negative do not mean good and bad. Instead, positive means you are adding something, and negative means you are taking something away. Reinforcement means you are increasing a behavior, and punishment means you are decreasing a behavior. Reinforcement The most effective way to teach a person or animal a new behavior is with positive reinforcement. For example, you tell your five-year-old son, Jerome, that if he cleans his room, he will get a toy. In negative reinforcement, an undesirable stimulus is removed to increase a behavior. Link to Learning Punishment Watch It Still confused?

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What Is Reinforcement? Psychology, Definition, And Applications By: Toni Hoy Updated February 11, 2021 Medically Reviewed By: Whitney White, MS. CMHC, NCC., LPC Reinforcement psychology is the study of the effect of reinforcement techniques on behavior. Why compliments make us feel so good Your haircut looks great. Your speech was so moving. You are a really good friend; I can’t tell you how great it was to talk last week when I was upset. Compliments make us feel good — both giving and receiving them. Feeling valued and appreciated are basic human needs, explains Marcia Naomi Berger, a licensed clinical social worker and psychotherapist in San Rafael, California, and author of "Marriage Meetings for Lasting Love: 30 Minutes a Week to the Relationship You've Always Wanted". Appreciation is also foundational in relationships, both those with our partners and spouses and with our friends, Berger adds.

How Reinforcement Schedules Work Operant conditioning is a learning process in which new behaviors are acquired and modified through their association with consequences. Reinforcing a behavior increases the likelihood it will occur again in the future while punishing a behavior decreases the likelihood that it will be repeated. In operant conditioning, schedules of reinforcement are an important component of the learning process. When and how often we reinforce a behavior can have a dramatic impact on the strength and rate of the response. Schedule of Reinforcement Parenting A Teen Through Positive Reinforcement - Back On Track Most parents can agree: the teenage years can be rough! Hormones are raging, they are trying to gain more independence, and they spend a lot of time away from their parents and their home while hanging with friends. One minute they love and adore you, the next minute you ruined their life. Can many of you relate? When tempers flare and disagreements are happening, it’s hard to not resort to yelling and harsh discipline, but studies are showing us that positive reinforcement may be the key to success, not just in the home but also in their school life.

How to Properly Use Reinforcement and Punishment - North Shore Pediatric Therapy Reinforcement and punishment are common terms that most people have heard of and use on a daily basis, whether they realize it or not. Although the concepts seem easy to understand and implement, it can be easy to confuse the basic principles and/or implement them incorrectly. In order to understand the difference between reinforcement and punishment, it is important to understand the definitions of both terms. Reinforcement What Is Reinforcement in Operant Conditioning? One of the many different ways in which people can learn is through a process known as operant conditioning (also known as instrumental conditioning).1 This involves learning through reinforcement or punishment. The type of reinforcement used can play an important role in how quickly a behavior is learned and the overall strength of the resulting response. Understanding Reinforcement

Fines for all - Positive Punishment SINGAPORE: The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) will raise fines for road traffic offences starting Apr 1, in a bid to strengthen deterrence against irresponsible driving. In a press release on Thursday (Feb 21), MHA said that raising composition sums, or fines, would ensure that they remain effective as a deterrent and curb the uptrend in road traffic offences. "It is important to nip unsafe driving in the bud, before serious accidents happen and people are killed or hurt," said MHA. READ: More drink-driving accidents, motorists running red lights: Police "For road traffic offences that do not involve egregious driving behaviour and do not result in harm caused to others, the offence may be compounded, in lieu of prosecution," the ministry added.

Road Safety Tips A safe road journey cannot be taken for granted! Like Gracious Joseph, remember to always exercise patience and graciousness. Stay alert, drive carefully and follow traffic rules, signs, and signals. Behavior Modification Behavior modification is a psychotherapeutic intervention primarily used to eliminate or reduce maladaptive behavior in children or adults. While some therapies focus on changing thought processes that can affect behavior, for example, cognitive behavioral therapy, behavior modification focuses on changing specific behaviors with little consideration of a person’s thoughts or feelings. The progress and outcome of the intervention can be measured and evaluated. A functional analysis of the antecedents and consequences of the problem behavior(s) must be identified. This leads to the creation of the specific target behaviors that will become the focus of change.

Page 6: Positive Consequences Page 6: Positive Consequences Once they’ve developed their rules and procedures, teachers must take action either to recognize or to correct student behavior. Such actions are referred to as consequences. The Study of Punishment in Psychology Punishment is a term used in operant conditioning to refer to any change that occurs after a behavior that reduces the likelihood that that behavior will occur again in the future. While positive and negative reinforcements are used to increase behaviors, punishment is focused on reducing or eliminating unwanted behaviors. Punishment is often mistakenly confused with negative reinforcement. The difference: Reinforcement increases the chances that a behavior will occur and punishment decreases the chances that a behavior will occur. Types of Punishment Behaviorist B.

Cyclist road safety practices SINGAPORE - She was cycling down a main road in November 2017 when suddenly, a car from a side road accelerated and hit her. Fortunately, national cyclist Chelsie Tan, who had the right of way, reacted quickly and prevented a potentially serious accident. "We came into contact, but I pushed myself off from the car body and, fortunately, I didn't fall," said the 29-year-old.

From this article, it can be summarized that both reinforcement and punishment can be positive and negative. Reinforcement will increase the chances of the behaviour happening more while punishment will decrease the chances of the behaviour. In some ways however, reinforcement is much better than punishment. Punishment, no matter how effective the result is, will bring some mixed feelings about how the child is towards you. However, reinforcements uses a motivation in order to achieve a desirable result, and this is, some way, better than punishment as the child will be more motivated to do it, rather than being ‘forced’ (out of fear, they do the task) to do it. by fareeshahdawoodepeer Sep 24

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