Reinforcement and Punishment
Learning Objectives Explain the difference between reinforcement and punishment (including positive and negative reinforcement and positive and negative punishment)Define shapingDifferentiate between primary and secondary reinforcers In discussing operant conditioning, we use several everyday words—positive, negative, reinforcement, and punishment—in a specialized manner. In operant conditioning, positive and negative do not mean good and bad. Instead, positive means you are adding something, and negative means you are taking something away. Reinforcement means you are increasing a behavior, and punishment means you are decreasing a behavior. Reinforcement The most effective way to teach a person or animal a new behavior is with positive reinforcement. For example, you tell your five-year-old son, Jerome, that if he cleans his room, he will get a toy. In negative reinforcement, an undesirable stimulus is removed to increase a behavior. Link to Learning Punishment Watch It Still confused?
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