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“What do we mean by saying that existence precedes essence? We mean that man first of all exists, encounters himself, surges up in the world – and defines himself afterwards. If man as the existentialist sees him is not definable, it is because to begin with he is nothing. He will not be anything until later, and then he will be what he makes of himself.” Existentialism is a Humanism Biography
Douglas Duhaime Although Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) famously declared that “ethics cannot be put into words,” ethical issues continue to pose perennial problems for philosophy, and Wittgenstein’s writings on ethics continue to earn philosophy’s interest and accolades (2005 p.183). In what follows, I outline Wittgenstein’s writings on ethics and briefly discuss the value his approach lends to the mystical objects and experiences in life. In his “Lecture on Ethics” (1929), Wittgenstein informs us that he means many things by the word “ethics,” including: the enquiry into what is good, valuable, or important; the enquiry into the meaning of life; the inquiry into that which makes life worth living; and the enquiry into the right way of living (P.5). He then shows how each of these expressions is used in two different senses: the trivial (or relative) sense, and the ethical (or absolute) sense.
What is Time?
The unity of opposites was first suggested by Heraclitus (ca. 535–475 BC) a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher . Philosophers had for some time been contemplating the notion of opposites. Anaximander posited that every element was an opposite, or connected to an opposite (water is cold, fire is hot). Thus, the material world was composed by some indefinite, boundless apeiron from which arose the elements (earth, air, fire, water) and pairs of opposites (hot/cold, wet/dry). There was, according to Anaximander, a continual war of opposites. Anaximenes of Miletus , a student and successor of Anaximander, replaced this indefinite, boundless arche with air, a known element with neutral properties.
The concept of the hermeneutic circle is a difficult concept to grasp.