Philosophy Timeline. PhilPapers: Online Research in Philosophy. Derrida Full Documentary - Part 1. Interactive Processes. Alan Watts - What is reality. The Jean-Paul Sartre Internet Archive. “What do we mean by saying that existence precedes essence?
We mean that man first of all exists, encounters himself, surges up in the world – and defines himself afterwards. If man as the existentialist sees him is not definable, it is because to begin with he is nothing. He will not be anything until later, and then he will be what he makes of himself.” Existentialism is a Humanism Biography. Wittgenstein’s Ethics and the Value of the Mystical « Douglas Duhaime Although Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) famously declared that “ethics cannot be put into words,” ethical issues continue to pose perennial problems for philosophy, and Wittgenstein’s writings on ethics continue to earn philosophy’s interest and accolades (2005 p.183).
In what follows, I outline Wittgenstein’s writings on ethics and briefly discuss the value his approach lends to the mystical objects and experiences in life. In his “Lecture on Ethics” (1929), Wittgenstein informs us that he means many things by the word “ethics,” including: the enquiry into what is good, valuable, or important; the enquiry into the meaning of life; the inquiry into that which makes life worth living; and the enquiry into the right way of living (P.5). He then shows how each of these expressions is used in two different senses: the trivial (or relative) sense, and the ethical (or absolute) sense. Wittgenstein then prepares to introduce an example of a judgment of absolute value. The Realm of Existentialism, Minds of Existentialism, Existentialism, Phenomenology, Existential Psychology, Quotes by Philosophers, Existential.
Candyland and the Nature of the Absurd. Kierkegaard in 90 Minutes. Dasein. 60-Second Adventures in Thought (combined) Think. The Cave: An Adaptation of Plato's Allegory in Clay. Verene - Secular Gospel. What is Time?
Religion. Unity of opposites. The unity of opposites was first suggested by Heraclitus (ca. 535–475 BC) a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher.
The road up and the road down are the same thing. (Hippolytus, Refutations 9.10.3) This is an example of a compresent unity of opposites. For, at the same time, this slanted road has the opposite qualities of ascent and descent. According to Heraclitus, everything is in constant flux, and every changing object co-instantiates at least one pair of opposites (though not necessarily in simultaneously) and every pair of opposites is co-instantiated in at least one object. Cold things grow hot, a hot thing cold, a moist thing withers, a parched thing is wetted. As a single object persists through opposite properties, this object undergoes change. Modern philosophy Unity of opposites is the central category of dialectics, and it is viewed sometimes as a metaphysical concept, a philosophical concept or a scientific concept.
Coincidentia oppositorum See also References Information Philosopher - Introduction. Introduction The Information Philosopher has established that quantum mechanics and thermodynamics play a central role in the creation of all things.
This finding has enormous implications for philosophy. Instead of a closed universe that is winding down deterministically from an initial state of high information, we find the universe is open and increasing information indeterministically. An open indeterministic universe with increasing information suggests three testable philosophical ideas: a model for free will and creativity that may satisfy determinists and libertarians a value system based on fundamental creative processes in the universe an epistemological explanation of knowledge formation and communication.
All three ideas depend on understanding modern physics, cosmology, biology, and neuroscience. All three have strong connections to information science. If these ideas are accepted, they could change some well-established philosophical positions. Man is Free. The Hermeneutic Circle. The concept of the hermeneutic circle is a difficult concept to grasp.
In the history of philosophy, and particularly in contemporary philosophy, the term “hermeneutic circle” has been used to refer to several different things. Those in the field of literary criticism may understand the term to refer to a process of interpreting texts such as novels and plays. More philosophy-minded individuals, especially those who follow the developments of the continental branch of philosophy, may think of the hermeneutic circle as a phenomenological approach to understanding the world around us.
Both of these understandings of the term are correct within their respective contexts, but, in order to come to a full understanding of the term in all its subtlety, its necessary to understand how the term developed throughout the history of thought. What is Hermeneutics? The term “hermeneutics” has been in use since ancient Greek philosophy.