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Rudolf Carnap (May 18, 1891 – September 14, 1970) was a German -born philosopher who was active in Europe before 1935 and in the United States thereafter. He was a major member of the Vienna Circle and an advocate of logical positivism . [ edit ] Life and work
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell , OM , FRS [ 1 ] (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher , logician , mathematician , historian , and social critic . [ 2 ] At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal , a socialist , and a pacifist , but he also admitted that he had never been any of these in any profound sense. [ 3 ] He was born in Monmouthshire , into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in Britain. [ 4 ]
Kurt Friedrich Gödel [ 2 ] ( / ˈ k ɜr t ɡ ɜr d əl / ; German: [ˈkʊʁt ˈɡøːdəl] (
Paul Churchland (born October 21, 1942) is a philosopher noted for his studies in neurophilosophy and the philosophy of mind . [ 1 ] He is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, San Diego , where he held the Valtz Chair of Philosophy [ 2 ] and a joint appointment with the Cognitive Science Faculty and the Institute for Neural Computation . [ 3 ] He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh in 1969 under the direction of Wilfrid Sellars . [ 4 ] Churchland is the husband of philosopher Patricia Churchland . He is also the father of two children, Mark and Anne Churchland, both of whom are neuroscientists. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] [ edit ] Professional career
Eliminativists argue that modern belief in the existence of mental phenomena is analogous to the ancient belief in obsolete theories such as the geocentric model of the universe. Eliminative materialism (also called eliminativism ) is a materialist position in the philosophy of mind . Its primary claim is that people's common-sense understanding of the mind (or folk psychology ) is false and that certain classes of mental states that most people believe in do not exist . Some eliminativists argue that no coherent neural basis will be found for many everyday psychological concepts such as belief or desire , since they are poorly defined.
Daniel Clement " Dan " Dennett III (born March 28, 1942) [ 1 ] [ 2 ] is an American philosopher , writer and cognitive scientist whose research centers on the philosophy of mind , philosophy of science and philosophy of biology , particularly as those fields relate to evolutionary biology and cognitive science . [ 3 ] He is currently the Co-director of the Center for Cognitive Studies, the Austin B.
Jerry Alan Fodor (born 1935) is an American philosopher and cognitive scientist . He holds the position of State of New Jersey Professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University and is the author of many works in the fields of philosophy of mind and cognitive science, in which he has laid the groundwork for the modularity of mind and the language of thought hypotheses, among other ideas.