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BarcodeScientificAmerican. Chemical & Engineering News: Cover Story - The World According To Rick. Cover Story Volume 84, Number 41 pp. 13-19 Richard Smalley left his mark on science by laying the foundation for nanotechnology as we know it, then he tried to save the world Today marks the 10th anniversary of what maybe the most influential event in the history of nanotechnology. On Oct. 9, 1996, Robert F. Curl Jr., Harold Kroto, and Richard E. Smalley won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of fullerenes. The field of nanotechnology exploded in the nine years between 1996 and Smalley's death from leukemia last October at age 62.

To his colleagues, Smalley proselytized nanotechnology with a near-prophetic vision. As 2006's newly minted Laureates will soon discover, the same opportunity is granted to all Nobel Prize winners. Nobel Prize in hand, Smalley began knocking on doors at the highest levels of government. Including the $1.2 billion in President George W. "Rick had a special kind of influence," Roco says.

"Now, I'm not complaining. James M. They learned that Orville L. CHLRE_01g032300v5 uncharacterized protein [Chlamydomonas reinhardtii] - Gene - NCBI. When Gods walked with mortals - ROBERT SEPEHR. Cro Magnon Man And Atlantis - Reed CarsonBNet NewsletterMarch, 2007 Since Cro Magnon Man was first discovered in 1868, he has presented fundamental puzzles for traditional scientists. Today there is still no solution in sight for the traditional anthropologists. A mere 20 years after his discovery, the Secret Doctrine by Blavatsky, published in 1888, asserted the answer to the mysterious origin of Cro Magnon Man.

Since then, facts have been accumulating to further support Blavatsky's view. And more recently, starting in the 1980's and particularly in 1997, very scientific, and unexpected, evidence from DNA analysis has confirmed the accuracy of her claims and helped us to better understand the early prehistory of man. Briefly put, Cro Magnon was Atlantean. Basic facts: Cro Magnon Man appeared abruptly in Europe and North Africa. Blavatsky quotes a man of science as saying: The scientist is quite right. The first puzzle causes these physical characteristics to be not pleasant for the anthropologist. What is now N.W. Episode 31: Floyd Romesberg | Expanding DNA's Alphabet (by half!) | <font color="#00d0ff">Click to Listen</font> — After On. Synthego | Full Stack Genome Engineering. Sex-determining Region Y in Mammals | The Embryo Project Encyclopedia.

Evolutionary surprise: Eight percent of human genetic material comes from a virus -- ScienceDaily. About eight percent of human genetic material comes from a virus and not from our ancestors, according to researchers in Japan and the U.S. The study, and an accompanying News & Views article by University of Texas at Arlington biology professor Cédric Feschotte, is published in the journal Nature. The research showed that the genomes of humans and other mammals contain DNA derived from the insertion of bornaviruses, RNA viruses whose replication and transcription takes place in the nucleus. Feschotte wrote on recent research led by Professor Keizo Tomonaga at Osaka University in Japan. Feschotte said this virally transmitted DNA may be a cause of mutation and psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and mood disorders. In his article, Feschotte speculates about the role of such viral insertions in causing mutations with evolutionary and medical consequences.

The assimilation of viral sequences into the host genome is a process referred to as endogenization. A Mysterious New Form of DNA Was Just Discovered in Human Cells. When you think of DNA, odds are, you picture the famous double helix, a ladder-like structure elegantly twisted like a corkscrew. But DNA doesn't always assume this form. The existence of one shape of DNA in humans, in particular — a four-stranded knot of genetic code — has been controversial among scientists for years. Because this so-called i-motif loves acidic environments (a condition that scientists can create in the lab but doesn't naturally occur in the body), many scientists thought that it couldn't possibly exist in human cells. But in recent years, studies have pointed to the possibility that this bizarre form of DNA could, in fact, exist in living humans.

Now, a new study published today (April 23) in the journal Nature Chemistry provides the first direct evidence that it does exist and that it may play an important role in regulating our genes. [Unraveling the Human Genome: 6 Molecular Milestones] These types of drugs could be helpful for cancer treatment, for example. The Two People We're All Related To. RNA interference. Rna i[2] Genetics appt. Super Cheap DNA Printer. Ancient Human Genomes...Present-Day Europeans - Johannes Krause.

Poetry of Genetics: Jos de Mul. Scientists have found an Alien code in our DNA: Ancient Engineers. Researchers who worked for 13 years in the Human Genome Project indicate that they came across an amazing scientific discovery: They believe that the so-called 97% of non-coding sequences in the human DNA is nothing less than the genetic code of extraterrestrial life forms. Originally referred to as “Junk DNA” its function remained a mystery for researchers. Now researchers believe that our DNA is extraterrestrial in origin.

After extensive analysis with the help of other researchers in diverse fields such as mathematics, chemistry and programming, Maxim A. Makukov of the Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute have ventured out and asked if there is a possibility that, what we call “junk DNA” is actually some sort of extraterrestrial code, created by an “Alien” programmer. According to researchers from Kazakhstan, “Our hypothesis is that a more advanced extraterrestrial civilization was engaged in creating new life and planting it on various planets. Reasons E. coli Is Used for Gene Cloning. Metabolic Modeling of Common Escherichia coli Strains in Human Gut Microbiome. 920869359 MIT. The Living Body - Our Extraordinary Life. Looking back at 2017’s genetics breakthroughs.

It was a big year for the building blocks of life. Here were the most significant breakthroughs in genetics research of 2017. In a landmark decision made this past August, the Food and Drug Administration approved a treatment for childhood leukemia that works by genetically modifying a patient’s own blood cells to turn them into cancer killers. In November, and for the first time ever, scientists edited a patient’s DNA while it was still inside his body. It was an effort to cure a genetic disorder, and the scientists attempted to so by permanently changing the patient’s genome.

Over the summer, scientists in the United States accomplished a major first: genetically modifying a human embryo to treat a common genetic heart disease. The FDA approved the first consumer DNA tests for disease risk. Read full, original post: The Most Life-Changing Breakthroughs in Genetics of 2017. Cytogenetics Gallery. The Purpose of DNA | Dan Winter. Untitled. HK1 Gene - GeneCards | HXK1 Protein | HXK1 Antibody. Aliases for HK1 Gene Hexokinase 1 2 3 5 Brain Form Hexokinase 3 4 Hexokinase Type I 3 4 EC 4 61 HK I 3 4 Glycolytic Enzyme 3 Hexokinase IR 3 Hexokinase I 3 Hexokinase-1 3 Hexokinase 3 EC 2.7.1 61 HK1-Ta 3 HK1-Tb 3 HK1-Tc 3 HMSNR 3 HXK1 3 HKD 3 HKI 3 HK 3 External Ids for HK1 Gene Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HK1 Gene Hexokinases phosphorylate glucose to produce glucose-6-phosphate, the first step in most glucose metabolism pathways.

This gene encodes a ubiquitous form of hexokinase which localizes to the outer membrane of mitochondria. Hexokinases catalyze the first essential step of glucose metabolism, the conversion of the substrate glucose into glucose-6-phosphate. No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HK1 Gene. Pathway:411 AND organism:"Homo sapiens (Human) [9606]" in UniProtKB. Rare Genetic Mutation Lets Some People Function with Less Sleep.

For something so essential and basic, sleep has turned out to be a complicated biological nightmare for scientists. Certain genes, such as CLOCK and BMAL1, have been pegged for their roles in the body's circadian rhythm, but the full cast of characters involved in moderating the process of sleep remains fuzzy. But thanks to a mother and daughter who share a rare genetic mutation—and who routinely need just six hours of sleep a night—researchers have recently taken a step forward in the journey to unravel the tangled genetic web of sleep. The new study, published online today in Science, reports the discovery of a genetic mutation on the gene DEC2 that appears to allow the mother–daughter pair of "short sleepers"—and a handful of transgenic mice—to truly need less sleep. "We know sleep is necessary for survival," says co-author Ying-Hui Fu, a professor of neurology at the University of California, San Francisco.

But, "we don't know anything about how it's regulated," she adds. TEDxCaltech - J. Craig Venter - Future Biology. Your Brain Doesn&#39;t Contain Memories. It Is Memories. 200,000 Years Ago Something Happened that Changed Humans Gentically. 9996.full. Induced pluripotent stem cells - Rudolf Jaenisch. Genome Editing with CRISPR-Cas9. Easy DNA Editing Will Remake the World. Buckle Up. Any gene typically has just a 50–50 chance of getting passed on. Either the offspring gets a copy from Mom or a copy from Dad.

But in 1957 biologists found exceptions to that rule, genes that literally manipulated cell division and forced themselves into a larger number of offspring than chance alone would have allowed. A decade ago, an evolutionary geneticist named Austin Burt proposed a sneaky way to use these “selfish genes.” He suggested tethering one to a separate gene—one that you wanted to propagate through an entire population. If it worked, you'd be able to drive the gene into every individual in a given area. Your gene of interest graduates from public transit to a limousine in a motorcade, speeding through a population in flagrant disregard of heredity's traffic laws.

Push those modifications through with a gene drive and the normal mosquitoes wouldn't stand a chance. Emmanuelle Charpentier did early work on Crispr. These problems don't end with mosquitoes. Scientists turn mouse skin cells into egg cells and make baby mice. Scientists have successfully turned mouse skin cells into egg cells and used them to create viable offspring without the use of actual eggs for the first time.

Just a small percentage of the mouse cells created in the lab led to live births, researchers reported Monday in Nature, but the healthy pups that resulted from these sci-fi pregnancies provide hope that similar techniques might one day aid human reproduction. In theory, techniques like these could even allow two biological men to co-parent a child without the use of an egg donor. The new study is the culmination of years of incremental progress: Researchers began by coaxing cells from female mouse tails into pluripotent stem cells using a technique that won Shinya Yamanaka a Nobel Prize in 2007. Pluripotent cells have the potential to divide indefinitely and become any kind of body tissue, and they are the type of cells found in embryos.

The next step was to turn those pliable cells into sex cells. Pigs and Humans share 112 DNA mutations, say scientists. London: Scientists have sequenced the genome of the pig, showing the swine and humans share 112 DNA mutations linked to a range of disease including Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, which may be useful in fighting diseases. Researchers, who undertook the largest ever study of the pig genome, found that swine are adaptable, easy to seduce with food and susceptible to domestication – much like humans.

Representative image. Reuters Insights into the genetic code of pigs reveal the swine and its cousin the wild boar have much in common with humans. The new analysis also supports the use of the pig in studies of human diseases. “In total, we found 112 positions where the porcine protein has the same amino acid that is implicated in a disease in humans,” the researchers said. “We identified many more gene variants implicated in human disease, further supporting the pig as a valuable biomedical model,” Professor Martien Groenen, a principal investigator on the study, said.

Tags: didyouknow, Gnome, Pig. Only 8.2 % of Human DNA is Functional, Say Genetic Researchers. According to a group of genetic scientists led by Dr Gerton Lunter of the University of Oxford’s Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, only 8.2 percent of human genome is likely to be doing something important. Illustration of a DNA molecule. Image credit: Christoph Bock, Max Planck Institute for Informatics / CC BY-SA 3.0. This figure is very different from one given in 2012 by researchers from the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project, who stated that about 80 percent of human DNA has some biochemical function.

That claim has been controversial, with researchers arguing that the biochemical definition of function was too broad – that just because an activity on DNA occurs, it does not necessarily have a consequence; for functionality you need to demonstrate that an activity matters. To reach the new figure, Dr Lunter and his colleagues took advantage of the ability of evolution to discern which activities matter and which do not.