Get flash to fully experience Pearltrees
The Talmud ( Hebrew : תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root lmd "teach, study") is a central text of Rabbinic Judaism , considered second to the Torah . It is also traditionally referred to as Shas ( ש״ס ), a Hebrew abbreviation of shisha sedarim , the "six orders" of the Oral Law of Judaism. The Talmud has two components: the Mishnah ( Hebrew : משנה, c. 200 CE), the first written compendium of Judaism's Oral Law, and the Gemara (c. 500 CE), an elucidation of the Mishnah and related Tannaitic writings that often ventures onto other subjects and expounds broadly on the Hebrew Bible .
Ketuvim [kuh-too-veem] or Kəṯûḇîm (in Biblical Hebrew : כְּתוּבִים "writings") is the third and final section of the Tanakh ( Hebrew Bible ), after Torah (instruction) and Nevi'im (prophets). In English translations of the Hebrew Bible, this section is usually entitled "Writings" or " Hagiographa ". [ 1 ] The Ketuvim are believed to have been written under the Ruach HaKodesh , but with one level less authority than that of prophecy . [ 2 ] Found among the Writings within the Hebrew scriptures, I and II Chronicles form one book, along with Ezra and Nehemiah which form a single unit entitled " Ezra-Nehemiah ". [ 3 ] (In citations by chapter and verse numbers, however, the Hebrew equivalents of "Nehemiah", "I Chronicles" and "II Chronicles" are used, as the system of chapter division was imported from Christian usage.) Collectively, eleven books are included in the Ketuvim. [ edit ] Groups of books
Nevi'im [ pronunciation? ] ( Hebrew : נְבִיאִים Nəḇî'îm , "Prophets") is the second main division of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh ), between the Torah (instruction) and Ketuvim (writings). It contains two sub-groups, the Former Prophets ( Nevi'im Rishonim נביאים ראשונים , the narrative books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings) and the Latter Prophets ( Nevi'im Aharonim נביאים אחרונים , the books of Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel and the Twelve Minor Prophets ). Many of the writings of the Latter Prophets are thought by scholars to be older than the narratives of the Former Prophets which precede them in the canon , and were profoundly influential on the direction and development of Hebrew religion. The Latter Prophets have also had a wide influence on literature and on political and social activism in cultures outside of Judaism . [ edit ] Synopsis
Torah ( / ˈ t ɔː r ə / ; Hebrew : תּוֹרָה , "Instruction", "Teaching") is a central concept in the Jewish tradition . It has a range of meanings: it can most specifically mean the first five books of the Tanakh , it can mean this, plus the rabbinic commentaries on it, it can mean the continued narrative from Genesis to the end of the Tanakh, it can even mean the totality of Jewish teaching and practice. Common to all these meanings, Torah consists of the foundational narrative of the Jewish people : their call into being by Yahweh ( euphemistically called HaShem by Jews and denoted in English translations of the Bible as the L ORD ), their trials and tribulations, and their covenant with their God , which involves following a way of life embodied in a set of religious obligations and civil laws ( halakha ). In its most specific meaning, it consists of the first five books of the Tanakh written in Biblical Hebrew .
Complete set of scrolls, constituting the entire Tanakh. The Tanakh ( Hebrew : תַּנַ"ךְ , pronounced [taˈnaχ] or [təˈnax] ; also Tenakh , Tenak , Tanach ) is a name used in Judaism for the canon of the Hebrew Bible . The Tanakh is also known as the Masoretic Text or the Miqra . The name is an acronym formed from the initial Hebrew letters of the Masoretic Text's three traditional subdivisions: The Torah ("Teaching", also known as the Five Books of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings")—hence T a N a Kh .