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Sound & Music

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Sound: an elementary text-book for ... - John Walton Capstick. The Ear. The Piano - Claviersite. History Early history See also: Fortepiano and Bartolomeo Cristofori Early piano replica by the modern builder Paul McNulty, after Walter & Sohn, 1805 Although there were earlier attempts to make stringed keyboard instruments with struck strings, [2] most notably hammered dulcimers such as the santur and santoor , [3] the invention of the modern piano is credited to Bartolomeo Cristofori of Padua , Italy , who was employed by Prince Ferdinand de Medici as the Keeper of the Instruments. It is not known exactly when Cristofori first built a piano. Like many other inventions, the piano was founded on earlier technological innovations. Songwriting For Dummies, 2nd Edition:Book Information. Proven techniques for songwriting success This friendly, hands-on guide tackles the new face of the recording industry, guiding you through the shift from traditional sales to downloads and mobile music, as well as how you can harness social media networks to get your music "out there.

Songwriting For Dummies, 2nd Edition:Book Information

" You get basic songwriting concepts, insider tips and advice, and inspiration for writing — and selling — meaningful, timeless songs. Open the book and find: What you need to know before you write a single note Tips on finding inspiration Ways to use poetic devices in lyrics Computer and Web-based shortcuts and technologies to streamline songwriting A look at famous songwriting collaborators Writing for stage, screen, and television How to make a demo to get your song heard Advice on how to make money from your music.

Music. Music Composition For Dummies:Book Information. Want to turn that haunting tune in your head into an awesome sound in your ear?

Music Composition For Dummies:Book Information

You can! Music Composition For Dummies demystifies the process of composing music and writing songs. It guides you through every step of writing your own music, from choosing the right rhythm and tempo to creating melodies and chord progressions and working with instruments and voices. In this fun and practical guide, you’ll learn how to match keys and chords to the mood you want to convey, work a form without limiting your creativity, and hammer out a musical idea, even when your mind is drawing a blank. You’ll find out how to create popular songs, classically structured pieces, and even film, TV, and video game soundtracks. Music & Creative Arts - How-To Help and Videos. Ukulele.

Music & Creative Arts - How-To Help and Videos

How to Read the Key Signature to Determine What Key to Play. How to Read Key Signatures. Key signatures are important when reading music.

How to Read Key Signatures

You must understand how to read key signatures in order to know how to play the notes the way the composer intended. The key signature is a grouping of symbols (sharps [#] and flats [b]) that tell you to always play certain notes one semitone (half-step) higher or lower. How Musical Notes Are Constructed. You couldn't read or write music without notes.

How Musical Notes Are Constructed

If you think of music as a language, the notes are like letters of the alphabet. If you know how to recognize the notes, you can learn the language. How to Recognize the Beat in Music. Recognizing the beat in a song means finding the pattern and speed of the music.

How to Recognize the Beat in Music

If you know how to recognize the beat, you can control all of the other elements of the music. A beat is a pulse of time. A ticking clock is a good example. Every minute, the second hand ticks 60 times, and each one of those ticks is a beat. How to Read the Circle of Fifths. Understanding how to read the circle of fifths will help you understand the relation between music's major keys and their relative minor keys.

How to Read the Circle of Fifths

A major key and its relative minor use the same key signature, which means they use the same sharps (indicated as #) and flats (shown as b) in their scales. When you read the circle of fifths, you'll notice that the major keys are on outside of the circle. Opposite them, inside the circle, are their relative minor keys. At the top, you have the key of C major, which has no sharps or flats in its key signature.

Each stop on the circle as you go clockwise from C is a key with one more sharp than the previous key. Music Theory - Intervals & Scales. As of July 1, 2013 ThinkQuest has been discontinued.

Music Theory - Intervals & Scales

We would like to thank everyone for being a part of the ThinkQuest global community: Students - For your limitless creativity and innovation, which inspires us all. Teachers - For your passion in guiding students on their quest. Partners - For your unwavering support and evangelism. Parents - For supporting the use of technology not only as an instrument of learning, but as a means of creating knowledge. Ricci Adams' Emancipation of the dissonance. Chords, featuring chromatically altered sevenths and ninths and progressing unconventionally, explored by Debussy in a "celebrated conversation at the piano with his teacher Ernest Guiraud" (Lockspeiser 1962, 207).

Emancipation of the dissonance

The emancipation of the dissonance was a concept or goal put forth by composer Arnold Schoenberg and others, including his pupil Anton Webern. The phrase first appears in Schoenberg's 1926 essay "Opinion or Insight? " (Schoenberg 1975, 258–64). It may be described as a metanarrative to justify atonality. Jim Samson (1977, 146–47) describes:

Consonance & Dissonance. Consonance[edit] The definition of consonance has been variously based on experience, frequency, and both physical and psychological considerations (Myers 1904, p. 315).

Consonance & Dissonance

These include: Perception Blend/fusion: perception of unity or tonal fusion between two notes (Stumpf[full citation needed]; Butler and Green 2002, p. 264)Frequency ratios: with ratios of lower simple numbers being more consonant than those that are higher (Pythagoras[full citation needed]). Many of these definitions do not require exact integer tunings, only approximation. [vague][citation needed]Both Continuity: consonances are continuous and dissonances are intermittent in sensation, determined by coincidence of partials (Helmholtz 1954 [1877],[page needed]). These may be generalized as simplicity. Medieval music. Medieval music is Western music written during the Middle Ages. This era begins with the fall of the Roman Empire and ends sometime in the early fifteenth century. Establishing the end of the medieval era and the beginning of the Renaissance is difficult; the usage in this article is the one usually adopted by musicologists.

Overview[edit] Harmonic Limit. The first 16 harmonics, with frequencies and log frequencies. Overtone series, partials 1-5 numbered Play . In just intonation, intervals between pitches are drawn from the rational numbers. Binaural beats. Binaural beats To experience the binaural beats perception, it is best to listen to this file with headphones on moderate to weak volume – the sound should be easily heard, but not loud. Note that the sound appears to pulsate. Now remove one earphone. Note that the pulsations disappear completely. Repeat with your other ear. The brain produces a phenomenon resulting in low-frequency pulsations in the amplitude and sound localization of a perceived sound when two tones at slightly different frequencies are presented separately, one to each of a subject's ears, using stereo headphones.

Binaural beats reportedly influence the brain in more subtle ways through the entrainment of brainwaves[3][8][9] and provide other health benefits such as control over pain.[10][11] Acoustical background[edit] Octave. The octave has occasionally been referred to as a diapason.[2] Theory[edit] Pitch class. All Cs possible on a piano (except C8, available on grand) Play . Circle of fifths. Circle of fifths showing major and minor keys Nikolay Diletsky's circle of fifths in Idea grammatiki musikiyskoy (Moscow, 1679)

Major scale. Major scales C major scale ) Structure[edit] Musical scale. Pattern of intervals in the C-major scale Play. Scale (music) When we make tunes, we use musical notes of different pitches: some high and some low. A scale can be referred to as a series of notes, in order, going up or down in pitch. On a piano, there are white keys and black keys.