Project, Task, Time Management
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Knowledge management ( KM ) comprises a range of strategies and practices used in an organization to identify, create, represent, distribute, and enable adoption of insights and experiences . Such insights and experiences comprise knowledge , either embodied in individuals or embedded in organizations as processes or practices. An established discipline since 1991 (see Nonaka 1991 ), KM includes courses taught in the fields of business administration , information systems , management, and library and information sciences ( Alavi & Leidner 1999 ). More recently, other fields have started contributing to KM research; these include information and media, computer science , public health , and public policy . Many large companies and non-profit organizations have resources dedicated to internal KM efforts, often as a part of their business strategy , information technology, or human resource management departments ( Addicott, McGivern & Ferlie 2006 ).
Getting Things Done is a time-management methodology, described in a book of the same title by productivity consultant David Allen . It is often referred to as GTD . The GTD method rests on the idea of moving planned tasks and projects out of the mind by recording them externally and then breaking them into actionable work items. This allows one to focus attention on taking action on tasks, instead of on recalling them.
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Time management is the act or process of planning and exercising conscious control over the amount of time spent on specific activities, especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency or productivity. Time management may be aided by a range of skills, tools, and techniques used to manage time when accomplishing specific tasks, projects and goals complying with a due date. This set encompasses a wide scope of activities, and these include planning , allocating , setting goals , delegation, analysis of time spent, monitoring , organizing, scheduling, and prioritizing. Initially, time management referred to just business or work activities, but eventually the term broadened to include personal activities as well.