The Celtic Goddess Epona that Rode Swiftly Across the Ancient Roman Empire. The protector of horses, mules, and cavalry, Epona was one of the only non-Roman goddesses to have been wholly adopted by the Roman Empire. Often depicted astride a horse, Epona resonated in the forces of the Roman cavalry as an inspiration and guide through even the darkest of battles, and she remained one of their most worshipped goddesses between the first and third centuries CE. Interestingly, Epona was also seen as a goddess of fertility, accompanied in many of her depictions by grain or a cornucopia. Coupled with the worship of her equine prowess in the military, it is evident she was seen both in Gaulish and Roman cultures as a deity of prosperity within the equestrian home and on the battlefield.
Originally from Gaul, Epona was worshipped in Britain throughout the Iron Age, coming to the continent during the time of the Romans. Epona made her way to Rome through the aid of the Roman military. Small sculpture of the Roman/Celtic goddess Epona, third century A.D. Bibliography. The Legendary Origins of Merlin the Magician. Most people today have heard of Merlin the Magician, as his name has been popularized over the centuries and his story has been dramatized in numerous novels, films, and television programs. The powerful wizard is depicted with many magical powers, including the power of shapeshifting and is well-known in mythology as a tutor and mentor to the legendary King Arthur, ultimately guiding him towards becoming the king of Camelot.
While these general tales are well-known, Merlin’s initial appearances were only somewhat linked to Arthur. It took many decades of adaptations before Merlin became the wizard of Arthurian legend he is known as today. Merlin the wizard. Credit: Andy / flickr It is common belief that Merlin was created as a figure for Arthurian legend. While Merlin the Wizard was a very prominent character in the stories of Camelot, that is not where he originated. Merlin was created as a combination of several historical and legendary figures. A giant helps Merlin build Stonehenge.
Aquae Sulis: The Epitome of Roman Syncretization with the Celts. The Roman bath system was one of the most intricate and complex of the ancient world. Composed of various rooms for mental and physical cleansing, the Roman baths were more than a source of hygiene; they were an important source of culture as well. The Aquae Sulis became one of the largest and most renowned Roman baths in Britain, and is considered today the highlight of the Roman syncretization of the Celtic tribes as well as the highlight of the Roman bath system outside the city of Rome.
Located in the modern town of Bath in Somerset, England, the Aquae Sulis rose as one of the largest and most sought out Roman baths outside the Italian peninsula. Dedicated to the goddess Sul or Sulis, the Aquae Sulis represents the blending of both the Roman religion and culture with the religion and culture of the Celts. Statue of the goddess Minerva in Old Town, Heidelberg, Germany. A Roman curse tablet found in Bath, England. Gilt bronze head from the cult statue of Sulis Minerva. Bibliography. The Lost Land of Lyonesse – Legendary City on the Bottom of the Sea. In Arthurian legend, Lyonesse is the home country of Tristan, from the legendary story of Tristan and Iseult. The mythical land of Lyonesse is now referred to as the “Lost Land of Lyonesse,” as it is ultimately said to have sunk into the sea. However, the legendary tale of Tristan and Iseult shows that Lyonesse is known for more than sinking into the ocean, and that it had a legendary presence while it remained above ground.
While Lyonesse is mostly referred to in stories of legend and myth, there is some belief that it represents a very real city that sunk into the sea many years ago. With such a legendary location, it can be difficult to ascertain where the legend ends and reality begins. The story of Lyonesse most logically begins with Tristan and Iseult.
The story of Tristan and Iseult is a tragic story of love and loss. Tristan and Iseult. As the years pass by, Tristan is very loyal to his uncle, as he raised him as his own son. Sources: The Legend of Lyonesse – Lyonesse Falmouth. The Irish Story and Legend of Cu Chulainn. Cu Chulainn is one of the most famous Irish mythological heroes. He appears in the stories of the Ulster Cycle, and Scottish and Manx folklore. He was said to be the son of Deichtine and the god Lugh, and the nephew of Conchobar mac Nessa, the King of Ulster. His given name at birth was Setanta but he gained the name Cu Chulainn, meaning ‘Culann’s Hound’ after he killed a ferocious guard dog belonging to a smith named Culann.
Cu Chulainn offered to take the place of the guard dog until a replacement could be reared. The stories of Cu Chulainn’s childhood, which date back to the 9th century, are many. It is said that as a small child, he had asked incessantly to be allowed to join the boy-troop at Emain Macha (today known as Navan Fort in County Armagh, Northern Ireland). In the next part of the story, Culann the smith invites Conchobar to his home for a feast. Cú Chulainn kills the hound. Scáthach teaches Cu Chulainn all the arts of war. Cu Chulainn in single combat with Ferdiad. The nature and danger of the legendary Kobold. In ancient folklore, the kobold is a small, pointy-eared, goblin-like creature with a short-temper and a mischievous spirit. While generally described as well-intentioned, angering a kobold is said to be a dangerous mistake.
They are described as spirits that dwell among the living, and can sometimes take the form of humans, elements, or animals, depending upon where they choose to make their home. What is most intriguing about the kobolds is not only their persistence into modern folklore but the way in which they seem to transcend various provinces and faiths. Known in England as brownies, in France as gobelins, in Belgium as kabouters and so on, kobolds are still carefully considered and respected in Germanic culture.
However, the kobold does not first come from Germany but rather Greece. Kobolds are typically described as small, pointy-eared, goblin-like creatures. There are three known factions of the kobolds, each task-oriented and initially well intentioned. References: Are tales of mythical mermaids inspired by a real-life medical condition? Mermaids have occupied our imagination for thousands of years, originating in ancient Assyria with the legend of goddess Atargatis, whose worship spread to Greece and Rome.
In one account, Atargatis transforms herself into half-human, half-fish being out of shame for accidentally killing her human lover. However, in other accounts, Atargatis is a goddess of fertility who is associated with a fish-bodied goddess at Ascalon. It is thought that worship of Atargatis and Ascalon eventually merged into one, leading to the description of one ‘mermaid-goddess’. The reverse of a coin of Demetrius III depicts fish-bodied Atargatis, veiled, holding the egg, flanked by barley stalks. Image source: Wikipedia In history, mermaids have been connected with hazardous events in European, African and Asian culture, including floods, storms, shipwrecks and drownings.
But could our concept of a mermaid actually have originated from a real medical disorder? Featured image: Atargatis by Annie Stegg. Boudicca, the Celtic Queen that unleashed fury on the Romans. We British are used to women commanders in war; I am descended from mighty men! But I am not fighting for my kingdom and wealth now. I am fighting as an ordinary person for my lost freedom, my bruised body, and my outraged daughters.... Consider how many of you are fighting — and why! Then you will win this battle, or perish. These are the words of Queen Boudicca, according to ancient historian Tacitus, as she summoned her people to unleash war upon the invading Romans in Britain.
Early years Little is known about Boudicca's upbringing because the only information about her comes from Roman sources, in particular from Tacitus (56 – 117 AD), a senator and historian of the Roman Empire, and Cassius Dio (155 – 235 AD), a Roman consul and noted historian. As an adolescent, Boudicca would have been sent away to another aristocratic family to be trained in the history and customs of the tribe, as well as learning how to fight in battle. “Nothing is safe from Roman pride and arrogance. Tel.archives-ouvertes.
Discussion:Sidh. Une page de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Il suffit de regarder le dictionnaire pour voir que "sí” est la forme moderne. "sidh" est une forme obsolète. Filip Phloppe 29 novembre 2005 à 14:27 (CET) Que veut dire obsolète quand on parle de l'Antiquité ? « Sidh » est le terme utilisé dans les ouvrages consacrés à la mythologie celtique, particulièrement par les philologues qui ont étudiées les sources littéraires du Moyen Age (cf. bibliographie). Je rejoins Ollamh. §Rigueur et folklore[modifier | modifier le code] 1. 2. Mais il me semblait que les sidhs aient été également assimilés, par la suite au folklore irlandais, écossais... pour devenir des créatures surnaturelles (pas forcément miniatures), c'est à dire « Bon Peuple ». 3. Je note sur en:Sídhe la référence au folklore « that were thought to be home to a supernatural race related to the fey and elves of other traditions », comme si Sidhe avait été assimilé.
--ironie ஃ 7 janvier 2007 à 18:53 (CET) Ah j'ai pigé... Faudrait savoir. Celtic Otherworld. In Celtic mythology, the Otherworld is the realm of the living and the home of the deities and other powerful spirits. Tales and folklore refer to the Otherworld as "The Fortunate Isles" in the western sea, or at other times underground (such as in the Sídhe) or right alongside the world of the living, but invisible to most humans. The intrusion of the Otherworld into this one is signaled by the appearance of divine beings or unusual animals, or other phenomena such as sudden changes in the weather. Sometimes an otherworldly woman will present an apple or an apple branch, or a ball of thread to follow as it unwinds. Beliefs of the ancient Gauls In Lucan's account of the druidical doctrine of metempsychosis, the Otherworld is referred to as Orbis alius. Graeco-Roman geographers[who?]
Byzantine scholar Procopius of Caesarea described the Otherworld beliefs of the ancient Gauls. There are still remains of those beliefs in the Breton and Galician traditions. See also Pwyll. Pwyll Pen Annwn is a prominent figure in Welsh mythology and literature, the lord of Dyfed, husband of Rhiannon and father of the hero Pryderi. He is the eponymous hero of Pwyll Pendefig Dyfed, the first branch of the Four Branches of the Mabinogi, and also appears briefly as a member of Arthur's court in the medieval tale Culhwch ac Olwen. Origin of Pwyll, Prince of Dyfed Tale is one of a group found in The Mabinogion Mabinogion. The Mabinogion is one of the earliest known efforts to form a contemporary collection of Welsh tales. Such tales, which date back to circa 1325 C.E., were originally passed from person to person and generation to generation orally. The Celtic oral tradition lasted for several centuries and is a possible reason for the abundance of errors and discrepancies found in The Mabinogion as well as other Welsh literature dating back to the fourteenth century or earlier.
Pwyll, Prince of Dyfed Role in Welsh Mythology and English Literature Celtic deities. The gods and goddesses of the pre-Christian Celtic peoples are known from a variety of sources, including written Celtic mythology, ancient places of worship, statues, engravings, cult objects and place or personal names. In characteristic Roman fashion, Caesar does not refer to these figures by their native names but by the names of the Roman gods with which he equated them, a procedure that greatly complicates the task of identifying his Gaulish deities with their counterparts in the insular literatures.
He also presents a neat schematic equation of god and function that is quite foreign to the vernacular literary testimony. Yet, given its limitations, his brief catalog is a valuable witness. General characteristics Supra-regional cults Among the divinities transcending tribal boundaries were the Matres, Cernunnos, the sky-god and Epona, the horse-goddess, who was invoked by devotees living as far apart as Britain, Rome and Bulgaria. Local cults Divine couples Sidh. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Sidh (également orthographié sid) est une graphie originale du mot irlandais sí, qui désigne l’Autre Monde dans la mythologie celtique. Concept[modifier | modifier le code] La littérature médiévale et pré-médiévale mentionne trois localisations distinctes associées au Sidh : à l'ouest, au-delà de l'horizon de la mer, dans des îles magnifiques ; sous la mer, dans les lacs et les rivières où se situent de somptueux palais de cristal aux entrées mystérieuses ; sous les collines et les tertres qui sont devenus les résidences des Tuatha Dé Danann. L’eau en est le moyen d’accès privilégié. Mythologie[modifier | modifier le code] L'Autre Monde des anciens Irlandais porte aussi les noms de Mag Meld (« Plaine du Plaisir »), Mag Mor (« Grande Plaine »), Tir na mBéo (« Terre des Vivants »), Tir na mBân (« Terre des Femmes »), Tir na nOg (« Terre des Jeunes »), et Tir Tairngire (« Terre des Promesses »).
Sources[modifier | modifier le code] Sidh - Encyclopaedia Pagana. Pour les druides, les celtes, comme pour toutes les religions antiques, la mort était une partie naturelle des cycles d'existence des êtres et du monde. Selon cette conception, lorsque la vie physique cesse, l'âme visite d'autres lieux, expérimente dans l'autre monde. Les mythes et légendes celtes relatent comment l'âme des disparus demeure dans des îles fantastiques et mystérieuses; comme Avalon, ou se cache dans des tertres ou des cités sous-marines comme Ys, montrant ainsi que jamais les celtes n'envisagèrent la disparition de la vie après la mort.
Avalon, Tir Nan-Og, le Sid, vous voyez qu'on peut lui donner beaucoup de noms, mais cela au fil des légendes et comme vous le savez chez les celtes tout n'est qu'un… Nous n'avons pas de description précise ni même très valable de l'autre monde des celtes, mais un texte grec parle des barques de pêcheurs qui servent à passer les âmes…. L'irlandais Sid signifie "paix", en gaulois "sedos" c'est-à-dire la "demeure des dieux". Découverte exceptionnelle d'une tombe princière dans l'Aube. Une tombe princière celtique du Ve siècle avant notre ère a été découverte dans une zone artisanale et commerciale à Lavau, près de la ville de Troyes (Aube). C’est une trouvaille «exceptionnelle» a expliqué l'Institut national de recherches archéologiques préventives (Inrap) à l’AFP.
L’Institut fouille ce site depuis le mois d'octobre à la demande de l’Etat. L’Inrap indique sur son compte Facebook à quoi ressemble la tombe : «Au centre d’un tumulus de 40 mètres de diamètre, le défunt et son char reposent au cœur d’une vaste chambre funéraire de 14 m²». Selon son président Dominique Garcia : «Il s’agissait probablement d’un prince celte local». La tombe contient des dépôts funéraires «d’une richesse digne des plus hautes élites de la fin du premier âge du Fer» selon l’Inrap.
Au cœur du chaudron, une œnochoé (cruche à vin) en céramique attique à figures noires. La fin du VIe siècle et le début du Ve siècle av. Mythologie celtique. Celtes. Religion des Celtes. Portail:Monde celtique.