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Modern Period (1901-2000)

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The British behemoth brought down by vanity. The familiar strains of Elgar’s Pomp and Circumstance filled the opulent passenger lounge of R.101, the biggest airship in the world, as the twinkling lights of the English coastline gave way to the blackness of the Channel below her. That October evening in 1930 coincided with the Last Night Of The Proms, and the BBC’s radio broadcast could hardly have provided a more fittingly patriotic soundtrack for the start of R.101’s doomed maiden flight to the Indian city of Karachi, today part of Pakistan.

The pride of the British aviation industry, she was three times the length of a modern jumbo jet and held aloft by 15 hydrogen-filled bags, the largest of which would fill the dome of St Paul’s Cathedral. Even the smallest, a tenth of that size, could lift a ton. The opulent R.101 was the biggest airship in the world. Pictured: Test flight of R101 over Westminster in 1929 The spectacle attracted crowds of many thousands, surpassing those at both the Derby and the Grand National that year. Previously-unseen images of Shackleton's 1915 Antarctic expedition revealed. Ernest Shackleton and his crew struggled to survive for months against the odds in the big freeze of the Antarctic The ship, the Endurance, became trapped in the ice and was eventually crushed before sinking into the Weddell SeaThe 28-man crew was left stranded in makeshift camps on the ice, battered by punishing and extreme conditionsHaunting images reveal astonishing insight into the men's fight for their lives in the 'world's last great wilderness' By Imogen Calderwood For Mailonline Published: 02:03 GMT, 21 November 2015 | Updated: 06:49 GMT, 21 November 2015 Haunting photographs of Sir Ernest Shackleton and his crew's struggle to survive against the odds in the big freeze of the Antarctic are set to go on display.

The stunning images will be part of an exhibition at London's Royal Geographical Society to open tomorrow, 100 years to the day since the crew's ship Endurance was crushed before sinking beneath the ice. Scroll down for video Loaded: 0% Progress: 0% MinimizeExpandClose. Open-topped buses, flat claps and bobbies on the beat: Colour video of 1920s London captures the capital in all its pre-war glory.

By Anna Edwards Published: 00:20 GMT, 11 May 2013 | Updated: 10:00 GMT, 11 May 2013 In 1952 London was shrouded in the Great Smog and nowadays most people know it as a frenetic and bustling city. But a beautiful film has captured a more genteel side to the capital - and painted it in soft colours making it look practically quaint. A film, shot in 1927, shows the other side to London - complete with quiet streets, police guiding traffic and tradesman standing on the back of carts as they trundle along the roads.

Scroll down for video This incredible colour footage of 1920s London was shot by an early British pioneer of film named Claude Frisse-Greene, who captured Tower Bridge The motor-buses and quiet streets are a far cry from the heavily congested roads that choke the capital today The cameraman made a series of travelogues using the colour process his father - a noted cinematographer - was experimenting with It was shot by an early British pioneer of film named Claude Frisse-Greene. Rare photographs of 1920s life in one of Britain's most important industrial firms to go on show for the first time after sitting untouched in boxes in local library.

Images capture life at the Leys Malleable Castings Company in 1920s and 30s DerbyLeys was the largest malleable iron foundry in Europe at one pointCompany closed in 1986 and the site was demolished to be replaced with factory units By Helen Lawson Published: 21:05 GMT, 4 March 2013 | Updated: 04:08 GMT, 5 March 2013 They sat in boxes for eight years, but now pictures of life at one of Britain's most significant industrial firms in the Twenties and Thirties are to go on show for the first time.

Photographs showing the workers of the Leys Malleable Castings Company in Derby were discovered by researchers in the city's Local Studies Library. Leys, which made castings for cars, opened in Derby in 1874 and became the largest malleable iron foundry in Europe. This photo from 1928 shows Derby women at work in the sand core shop. They created the moulds for castings by mixing sand with oil and baking it Men in a workshop at the company grinded down the metal work before it was sent out to customers.

Thatcher's achievements will long outlive the spite of Sheffield's sons and daughters. “When Thatcher dies they’ll have to build a dance floor over her grave for all the people who want to dance on it.” When I was told this in a pub some years ago it wasn’t the sentiment that struck me but that fact that the unimaginative fellow speaking might have thought it was the first time anyone within earshot had heard that rib tickler. I was born in Sheffield in 1980 and through family and support of an underachieving football club I retain ties to the place and its people. I have heard Sheffielders, some quite reasonable folk, say that they wish the Brighton bomb attack had succeeded; I have heard them joke frequently about Thatcher’s dementia.

One told me that if there was a God he would believe in him if Margaret Thatcher died. But, if there is a God, shouldn’t he believe in him anyway? And unless he was ascribing to Thatcher powers of immortality, her death is a certainty and, thus, so is his eventual embrace of theism. You won’t find logic where none exists. Source: BBC. Great Train Robber solves 49-year-old mystery with deathbed confession he injured engine driver in 1963 attack.

'Big Jim' Hussey reveals he was the masked man who coshed the driverHussey confessed just before he died in a hospice yesterday, aged 79The decorator was hired as muscle but was caught along with most of the gang after they were careless in concealing their whereaboutsHussey was jailed for 30 years, but released early in 1975Driver Jack Mills, who was 57 when the train was raided, never recovered from his head injuries and died seven years laterMany believed the man who knocked out Mr Mills was the infamous Ronnie Biggs, who later escaped from jail and went on the run to BrazilHussey went on to be convicted of assault and drug dealing By Paul Harris Published: 08:31 GMT, 14 November 2012 | Updated: 01:17 GMT, 15 November 2012 For 49 years it has been an enduring mystery of the Great Train Robbery: Who coshed engine driver Jack Mills?

Now one of the crooks involved in the heist is said to have made a deathbed confession that he did it. Decade of decadence: How little time has changed the debaucherous ways we cope with financial meltdown. By Annabel Venning Published: 00:58 GMT, 28 August 2012 | Updated: 13:14 GMT, 28 August 2012 'To feed and dance, always to be moving, that is the thing. We daren’t risk more than an hour or two in sleep, in case something happens while we aren’t there.’ So wrote one participant of the London social scene of the Twenties.

It was an era that became synonymous with hedonism, when gilded young aristocrats threw themselves into the frantic pursuit of pleasure. It was a decade of revolution and novelty. Footloose and fancy-free: Flappers doing the Charleston in a london Stage review during the twenties The first nightclubs opened, serving new drinks called cocktails. Girls cut their long hair into bobs, painted their lips red and bandaged their breasts to attain the fashionable boyish figure. They went from lunch to tea dances to parties and on to nightclubs, returning home to sleep at the hour when ordinary men and women were going to work. But beneath the gaiety lay a darker side. Lost London revealed in sepia glory of British Film Institute archive footage. By Daily Mail Reporter Published: 22:46 GMT, 15 August 2012 | Updated: 09:27 GMT, 16 August 2012 It was a time where there were fewer skyscrapers and the London Eye was still 70 years away - but these fascinating images show that parts of the capital have barely changed in seven decades.

A newly-released archive from the British Film Institute documents the changing face of London in the early 1920s through evocative sepia-tinged images. Familiar landmarks like Big Ben, Tower Bridge and St Paul's are all in there, and even the Olympic stadium from the 1908 Games. Iconic: The unmissable pillars outside the Lyceum Theatre in central London have barely changed since this image from the early 1920s Barging through: A waterway in central London forms part of another image in the restored footage The neglected arena where Britain hosted the Olympics over a century ago fell into disrepair just a decade after the Games.

VIDEO: BFI release stunning footage of 'Lost London' Bittersweet life of the Sugar Girls... in their own pictures: How a book about Tate & Lyle's East End factory prompted workers to dig out their albums. By Bill Mouland Published: 22:48 GMT, 8 August 2012 | Updated: 22:48 GMT, 8 August 2012 The idea was to write a nostalgic account of the women who helped the oldest brand in Britain survive the Blitz and post-war rationing. Packed with tales of factory life, love affairs, charabanc outings and sometimes oppressive bosses, it is told through the words of the women who helped produce 14,000 tons of sugar a week, plus thousands of iconic tins of golden syrup, at the Tate & Lyle factory in East London. Since its publication in March, however, The Sugar Girls: Tales Of Hardship, Love And Happiness In Tate & Lyle’s East End, by Duncan Barrett and Nuala Calvi, is an internet hit at the website thesugargirls.com.

As a result, former factory workers — many now in their 80s — have added more reminiscences, anecdotes and, above all, photographs like the ones that appear on these pages. How about Ain't She Sweet? Sugarland express: Mr and MRs G.V. Stirring sight: The Plaistow Wharf Refinery in 1950. BBC - WW2 People's War - That First Battle. ‘That first Battle’ - by Alastair ‘Jock’ Troup It was a week before the Regiment fought its first battle.

On June 26th 1944 'C' Squadron commanded by Major D.G. Bevan went into action at La Taille North of Unchy. This action was typical of the many bitter struggles fought in the bridgehead. Although the objective was often not more than 1000 yards from the start line it nonetheless lay in the heart of the enemy's defenses, the approaches ahead were mined and covered by every sort of fire. All the usual forms of nastiness were there and some tanks were lost on mines and by enemy fire. The objective was taken but not without loss - It was a wet morning when we were told that we were 'going into action’; I was wearing my olive oilskin jacket with a scarf wrapped several times around my neck. As we crashed through the first hedge and started to plunge down a bank, I put my right boot in a gap in the turret cage as Frank said - "traverse quickly and miss that tree!

" Ian. Britain from Above | Rescue the Past. The Queen's Diamond Jubilee: 60 years in 60 photographs. When Britain really DID keep calm and carry on: Fed up with the way people whinge at every little set-back? A cache of lost propaganda films magically evokes a very different era. By Philip Norman Published: 00:04 GMT, 24 May 2012 | Updated: 12:03 GMT, 24 May 2012 We mythologise World War II perhaps more than any other conflict in our history. The Dambusters... the 'armada of little ships' at Dunkirk... the Desert Rats... young Spitfire pilots waiting for the scramble with their deckchairs and wind-up gramophones... all are bedded deep in the consciousness not only of people who took part but also the generations whose freedom they ensured. Just as much do we mythologise those on what was called the Home Front; the civilians who endured six terrible years, from 1939 to 1945, with such extraordinary resilience and were an integral part of what Winston Churchill rightly termed this nation's 'finest hour'.

Scroll down for video Ena Squire-Brown, an international dancer famed for her Dove Dance, leaves her recently bombed home for St George's Church in Forest Hill, to marry Royal Air Force flying officer J.C. 'Tea or coffee, ma'am? '

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