If it is more procedural guidance on how to use GIT, e.g. to support a specific workflow or to accomplish a specific task, then it belongs in Git-Howto. I suspect there are so many pages on the web about using Git to support specific workflows, those maybe deserve their own sub-tree under GIT-Howto. There's room to argue that Git-Howto ought to be moved to be a sub-tree of Git-Documentation. I'd love to hear opinions and suggestions on that.
email@example.com. Ask a Swiss: 12 advanced Git commands I wish my co-workers would know. © xkcd Once you have internalized the basic work flow, Git is a powerful tool for distributed version control that offers a lot of advantages over more clunky alternatives like SVN.
You clone, you pull, you commit, you push; nothing simpler than that. Right. But then you find yourself stuck with a merge conflict, and git sends you down the rabbit hole. Or you accidentally added a commit to the wrong branch and already pushed it to the remote repo. The following guide compiles a list of useful advanced Git commands that will make your everyday coding life easier. 1. Because branch merges are recorded with a merge commit, they are supposed to be meaningful. Git for Computer Scientists. Abstract Quick introduction to git internals for people who are not scared by words like Directed Acyclic Graph.
Storage In simplified form, git object storage is "just" a DAG of objects, with a handful of different types of objects. They are all stored compressed and identified by an SHA-1 hash (that, incidentally, isn't the SHA-1 of the contents of the file they represent, but of their representation in git). blob: The simplest object, just a bunch of bytes. Tree: Directories are represented by tree object. When a node points to another node in the DAG, it depends on the other node: it cannot exist without it. Understanding Git: Repositories. In This Section Repository Contents The purpose of Git is to manage a project, or a set of files, as they change over time.
Git (software) Git (/ɡɪt/) is a version control system (VCS) that is used for software development and other version control tasks.
As a distributed revision control system it is aimed at speed, data integrity, and support for distributed, non-linear workflows. Git was created by Linus Torvalds in 2005 for development of the Linux kernel, with other kernel developers contributing to its initial development. Its current maintainer is Junio Hamano. Like the Linux kernel, Git is free software distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.
History Git development began in April 2005, after many developers of the Linux kernel gave up access to BitKeeper, a proprietary source control management (SCM) system that they had formerly used to maintain the project. The copyright holder of BitKeeper, Larry McVoy, had withdrawn free use of the product after claiming that Andrew Tridgell had reverse-engineered the BitKeeper protocols. Design Adoption Cygwin-apps - [ITP] VOTE: oodiff and git-oodiff. Matthieu Moy has written two very useful programs to take diffs between two Open Office documents.
Please vote to make them included in Cygwin. For more information, visit: Jari. Git. Git is an open source, distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.
Every Git clone is a full-fledged repository with complete history and full revision tracking capabilities, not dependent on network access or a central server. Branching and merging are fast and easy to do. Before starting, make sure that: Git - Fast Version Control System. Why aren't you using git-flow? Vincent Driessen's branching model is a git branching and release management strategy that helps developers keep track of features, hotfixes and releases in bigger software projects.
This workflow has lot of commands to type and remember, though, so there's also the git-flow library of git subcommands that helps automate some parts of the flow to make working with it a lot easier. After installing git-flow (brew install git-flow), you can start using git-flow in your repository by using it's init command. You can use it in existing projects, but let's start a new repository: Learn git one commit at a time. Learn git one commit at a time. Nick Farina - Git Is Simpler Than You Think.
It was about one year ago that we switched to Git.
Previously, we used Subversion, through the Mac app Versions, which (rightly) holds an Apple Design Award. I made the executive decision to leave our comfy world of Versions because it seemed clear that Git was winning the Internet. There was much grumbling from my teammates, who were busy enough doing actual work thank you very much. But I pressed forward. We signed up for accounts on Github. It might as well have printed PC LOAD LETTER. “Not currently on any branch?!” Maintenance Required. A successful Git branching model » nvie.com. In this post I present the development model that I’ve introduced for some of my projects (both at work and private) about a year ago, and which has turned out to be very successful.
I’ve been meaning to write about it for a while now, but I’ve never really found the time to do so thoroughly, until now. I won’t talk about any of the projects’ details, merely about the branching strategy and release management. It focuses around Git as the tool for the versioning of all of our source code. (By the way, if you’re interested in Git, our company GitPrime provides some awesome realtime data analytics on software engineering performance.) What a Branch Is. To really understand the way Git does branching, we need to take a step back and examine how Git stores its data.
As you may remember from Chapter 1, Git doesn’t store data as a series of changesets or deltas, but instead as a series of snapshots. When you commit in Git, Git stores a commit object that contains a pointer to the snapshot of the content you staged, the author and message metadata, and zero or more pointers to the commit or commits that were the direct parents of this commit: zero parents for the first commit, one parent for a normal commit, and multiple parents for a commit that results from a merge of two or more branches. To visualize this, let’s assume that you have a directory containing three files, and you stage them all and commit. Staging the files checksums each one (the SHA-1 hash we mentioned in Chapter 1), stores that version of the file in the Git repository (Git refers to them as blobs), and adds that checksum to the staging area: Free Mercurial and Git Client for Windows and Mac.
How to Git Open Atrium. UPDATE: "Open Atrium has moved from its single monolitic repository to an install profile and a drush make based build system. This is a change that primarily effects developers. The complete, ready to install, download will continue to be offered at Details here. Thanks, Jeff. I've been playing around with the Open Atrium project (Features rule!)
, which is a very cool Drupal-based intranet distribution created by those smarty-pants over at Development Seed. I went to download the latest version, but noticed that (as of December 31) it hadn't been updated with the latest version of Drupal core. It turns out that the project repository is hosted at GitHub. Ignoring files. Committed 19 Jan 2009 We don’t need Git to version everything in our projects, be it compiled source, files with passwords, or temporary files that editors love to create. Usually keeping stuff out of your VCS’ hands is a task that is hard to manage and annoying to set up. Not with Git! Using the .gitignore file along with some other options, we’re going to learn how to set up per-project and per-user ignores. The easiest and simplest way is to create a .gitignore file in your project’s root directory. GIT: Using the stash. I bet the following has happened to you: you are happily working on a project and are in the middle of something.
You are not ready to commit your changes, because you your tests don’t pass yet. Then your client calls with a bug report that needs to be fixed right now. (You know how clients can be.) So, what do you do? Throw away your current changes to make the patch? Git Workflows. Why use git? Git is an extremely powerful source control system. Its power lies in its speed and flexibility, but this can also be a point of confusion for many new users. Git is unfortunately quite inconsistent in its syntax, and exposes many of its not-so-friendly internals to the outside world, sometimes to the detriment of usability. As many systems built by hardcore engineers (Git came from Linux kernel hackers), if wielded by a wizard, it can be used to achieve many great things, but can be initially confusing even for seasoned developers. Git Immersion - Brought to you by EdgeCase.
Everyday GIT With 20 Commands Or So. A standalone individual developer does not exchange patches with other people, and works alone in a single repository, using the following commands. Examples Use a tarball as a starting point for a new repository. $ tar zxf frotz.tar.gz $ cd frotz $ git init $ git add . <1> $ git commit -m "import of frotz source tree. " $ git tag v2.43 <2> add everything under the current directory.
Make a lightweight, unannotated tag. Conversational Git: The Friendly Introduction to Git. This post is an excerpt from my new book, Conversational Git. The entire book is available online and its source is on GitHub. It’s designed to be a quick, accessible introduction for experienced developers. I’d be delighted to hear what others think. Learn git one commit at a time. Git Tutorials and Training. Git Submodules: Adding, Using, Removing, Updating. Git for the lazy - Spheriki. From Spheriki. Git: Interactively Stage Portions of a Single Changed File for Commit Using git add -p. Git repository with Apache (via WebDAV) and gitweb « Aquì estamos! Set Up a Git Server through SSH Connection - Fclose.com. The Perfect Work-flow with Git, GitHub, and SSH. Git: Your New Best Friend [Server Side Essentials]
Introduction This article introduces version control and Git without assuming you have any prior knowledge or programming experience. Because of its introductory nature, certain details are simplified or omitted and the use of the Git Graphical User Interface (Git GUI) is emphasized. A successful Git branching model » nvie.com. MvcContrib: Howto use git & github. User contributions for the ASP.NET MVC Framework.