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Archaeoastronomical sites

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List of archaeoastronomical sites by country - Wikipedia, the fr. This is a list of sites where claims for the use of archaeoastronomy have been made, sorted by country. Clive Ruggles and Michel Cotte recently edited a book on heritage sites of astronomy and archaeoastronomy that provides a list of the main archaeoastronomical sites around the world.[1] Australia[edit] Ngaut Ngaut oral tradition says these engravings represent lunar cycles.[2]Wurdi Youang, a stone arrangement with possible solar alignments[3] Bangladesh[edit] Brazil[edit] Bulgaria[edit] Cambodia[edit] Canada[edit] Colombia[edit] El Infiernito, (Spanish for "Little hell"), is a pre-Columbian Muisca site located at the outskirts of Villa de Leyva, Boyacá Department, Colombia.

China[edit] Puyang tomb, dated from 5000 BP, depicts a mosaic of constellations.[6] Egypt[edit] Finland[edit] Kastelli jätinkirkko (jätinkirkko means literally "giants' church" name given in folklore) France[edit] Germany[edit] Golan Heights[edit] Rujm el-Hiri, ancient megalithic monument in the Golan Heights. Guatemala[edit] J.M. Carnac. Carnac (Breton: Karnag) is a commune beside the Gulf of Morbihan on the south coast of Brittany in the Morbihan department in north-western France. Its inhabitants are called Carnacois. Carnac is renowned for the Carnac stones – one of the most extensive Neolithic menhir collections in the world – as well as its beaches, which are popular with tourists. Located on a narrow peninsula halfway between the medieval town Vannes and the seaside resort Quiberon, Carnac is split into two centres - Carnac-Ville and Carnac-Plage (the beachfront). In total there are five beaches, including la Grande Plage, and further to the east, Plage Men Dû and Beaumer.

Standing stones[edit] Stones in the Menec alignment The Carnac stones were erected during the Neolithic period which lasted from around 4500 BC until 2000 BC. History[edit] Tumulus of Saint-Michel In 1864, La Trinité-sur-Mer and its port were separated from the commune to create their own commune and parish. Tourism[edit] Neighboring communes[edit] Angkor Wat. Angkor Wat (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត) was first a Hindu, then subsequently a Buddhist, temple complex in Cambodia and the largest religious monument in the world.

The temple was built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yasodharapura (Khmer: យសោធរបុរៈ, present-day Angkor), the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his state temple and eventual mausoleum. Breaking from the Shaivism tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat was instead dedicated to Vishnu. As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have remained a significant religious center since its foundation. The temple is at the top of the high classical style of Khmer architecture. It has become a symbol of Cambodia,[1] appearing on its national flag, and it is the country's prime attraction for visitors.

History[edit] Angkor Wat lies 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi) north of the modern town of Siem Reap, and a short distance south and slightly east of the previous capital, which was centred at Baphuon. Angkor Wat. Sunrise at Angkor Wat (Enlarge) There are two great complexes of ancient temples in Southeast Asia, one at Bagan in Burma, the other at Angkor in Cambodia. The temples of Angkor, built by the Khmer civilization between 802 and 1220 AD, represent one of humankind's most astonishing and enduring architectural achievements. From Angkor the Khmer kings ruled over a vast domain that reached from Vietnam to China to the Bay of Bengal. The structures one sees at Angkor today, more than 100 stone temples in all, are the surviving remains of a grand religious, social and administrative metropolis whose other buildings - palaces, public buildings, and houses - were built of wood and have long since decayed and disappeared. Conventional theories presume the lands where Angkor stands were chosen as a settlement site because of their strategic military position and agricultural potential.

At the temple of Phnom Bakheng there are 108 surrounding towers. Temple of Ta Prohm, Angkor, Cambodia. Khmer (Angkor) Temples: Phnom Bakheng. Amazon Stonehenge. Detail of Cromlech of Calcoene Amazon Stonehenge or Calçoene megalithic observatory (also refeered to as AP-CA-18) is megalithic structure located in Amapa state, Brazil, near the city of Calçoene.

It consists of 127 blocks of granite, each up to 4 meters tall, standing upright in a circle measuring over 30 meters in diameter at the bank of the Rego Grande river on a hilltop. Archaeologists believe that this site was built by indigenous peoples for astronomical, ceremonial, or burial purposes, and likely a combination. The function of this megalithic site is unknown, much like other sites such as Stonehenge, a much older site in Great Britain. Discovery[edit] The first reports of Amazon Stonehenge are from naturalist Emilio Goeldi in the late 19th century. Findings[edit] Though the stones have not been submitted to dating techniques, carbon-dating of pottery shreds has placed the site at 500 – 2000 years old. The granite stones that make up Amazon Stonehenge are rough and unworked. Amazon Stonehenge suggests advanced ancient rainforest culture.

Amazon Stonehenge suggests advanced ancient rainforest culture By Rhett Butler, mongabay.com May 14, 2006 (modified from an earlier article) The discovery of an ancient astrological observatory in Brazil lends support to the theory that the Amazon rainforest was once home to advanced cultures and large sedentary populations of people. Besides the well-known empires of the Inca and their predecessors, millions of people once lived in the forests and shaped the environment to suit their own needs. Archaeologists with the Amapa Institute of Scientific and Technological Research said they uncovered the ruins near Calcoene, 390 kilometers (240 miles) from Macapa, the capital of Amapa state, near Brazil's border with French Guyana.

"Only a society with a complex culture could have built such a monument," archaeologist Mariana Petry Cabral, of the Amapa Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (IEPA), told O Globo newspaper in Brazil. According to a report from AFP, In 1990, Anna C. Another ‘Stonehenge’ discovered in Amazon - Science. SAO PAULO, Brazil — A grouping of granite blocks along a grassy Amazon hilltop may be the vestiges of a centuries-old astronomical observatory — a find that archaeologists say shows early rainforest inhabitants were more sophisticated than previously believed. The 127 blocks, some as high as 9 feet (2.75 meters) tall, are spaced at regular intervals around the hill, like a crown 100 feet (30 meters) in diameter. On the shortest day of the year — Dec. 21 — the shadow of one of the blocks disappears when the sun is directly above it. "It is this block's alignment with the winter solstice that leads us to believe the site was once an astronomical observatory," said Mariana Petry Cabral, an archaeologist at the Amapa State Scientific and Technical Research Institute.

"We may be also looking at the remnants of a sophisticated culture. " Anthropologists have long known that local indigenous populations were acute observers of the stars and sun. Amazon Stonehenge. Metsamor site. Standing stones at the ruins of the Metsamor site Metsamor Site, is the remains of the "Metsamor Castle" located to the southwest of the Armenian village of Taronik, in the Armavir Province. It has been populated from the 5th millennium BC until the 18th century AD.

The excavations of the tombs of Metsamor Castle began in 1965. The site is noted for its observatory and temple complexes consisted of seven sanctuaries. Neolithic stone circles dating back to ca. 5000 BC stand within the historical site, interpreted by enthusiasts of archaeoastronomy as an astronomical "observatory". Metsamor Museum[edit] The Museum of History and Archeology at Metsamor Site was opened in 1968. References[edit] Media related to Metsamor at Wikimedia Commons The Armenian History", by Armenia's National Academy of Sciences (1971)"From the History of Ancient Armenia", by Dr.Suren Aivazyan"Evolution of the World Alphabets", by Dr.Armen Melkonyan Coordinates:

Metsamor Civilization and Kar Hunge. Metsamor. Zorats Karer. Zorats Karer (Armenian: Զորաց Քարեր, locally Դիք-դիք քարեր Dik-dik karer),[1] also called Karahunj, Qarahunj or Carahunge and Carenish (Armenian: Քարահունջ և Քարենիշ) is a prehistoric archaeological site near the town of Sisian in the Syunik Province of Armenia. The phrase Zorats Karer is literally translated from Armenian as Army Stones. It is also often referred to in international tourist lore as the 'Armenian Stonehenge.'[2] §Location[edit] The Carahunge site is on latitude of 39° 34' and longitude of 46° 01' on the mountain plateau having altitude 1770 m and occupies a territory of about 7 hectare on the left side of the Dar river canyon, the tributary of the river Vorotan (at 2 km).

It is located on a rocky promontory near Sisian.[3] §Name[edit] The name Carahunge is interpreted as deriving from two Armenian words: car (or kar) (Armenian: քար), meaning stone, and hunge or hoonch (Armenian: հունչ), meaning sound. §Stones[edit] Map showing the layout of the upright stones at Carahunge. Zorats Karer. Tiwanaku. Coordinates: 16°33′17″S 68°40′24″W / 16.55472°S 68.67333°W / -16.55472; -68.67333 Tiwanaku (Spanish: ''Tiahuanaco and Tiahuanacu'') is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia, South America.

It is the capital of an empire that extended into present-day Peru and Chile, flourishing from AD 300 to AD 1000. Tiwanaku is recognized by Andean scholars as one of the most important civilizations prior to the Inca Empire; it was the ritual and administrative capital of a major state power for approximately five hundred years. The ruins of the ancient city state are near the south-eastern shore of Lake Titicaca in the La Paz Department, Ingavi Province, Tiwanaku Municipality, about 72 km (45 mi) west of La Paz. The site was first recorded in written history by Spanish conquistador Pedro Cieza de León. Cultural development and agriculture[edit] Artificially raised planting mounds are separated by shallow canals filled with water.

Rise and fall of Tiwanaku[edit] Religion[edit] Tiwanaku. Tiwanaku, Photo Gallery and Articles. By E. George Squier, New York, Harper and Brothers, 1877. NOTE: This excerpt serves to provide a description of the ruins before the harvesting of many stones for railroad construction. It also provides insights into some nineteenth-century attitudes towards archaeology sites by and the racism of its author, cited writers, and the local priest (cura) in Tiahuanaco village.

Tiahuanuco a Centre of Ancient Civilization. TIAHUANUCO lies almost in the very centre of the great terrestrial basin of lakes Titicaca and Aullagas, and in the heart of a region which may be properly characterized as the Thibet of the New World. It was to explore and investigate the monumental remains that have made this spot celebrated that I had come to Tiahuannco, and I lost no time in commencing my task. This was not my only difficulty. I shall give only a rapid account of these remains, correcting some of the errors and avoiding some of the extravagances of my predecessors in the same field of inquiry. Digging for the Truth: Angkor Wat - Part 1. Digging for the Truth: Angkor Wat - Part 2. Digging for the Truth: Angkor Wat - Part 3. Digging for the Truth: Angkor Wat - Part 4. Digging for the Truth: Angkor Wat - Part 5. Angkor Wat BBC Documentary Description Video Siem Reip.

Angkor Wat. Phnom Bakheng. Phnom Bakheng (Khmer: ប្រាសាទភ្នំបាខែង) at Angkor, Cambodia, is a Hindu temple in the form of a temple mountain. Dedicated to Shiva, it was built at the end of the 9th century, during the reign of King Yasovarman (889-910). Located atop a hill, it is nowadays a popular tourist spot for sunset views of the much bigger temple Angkor Wat, which lies amid the jungle about 1.5 km to the southeast. The large number of visitors makes Phnom Bakheng one of the most threatened monuments of Angkor. [1] Since 2004, World Monuments Fund has been working to conserve the temple in partnership with APSARA. Constructed more than two centuries before Angkor Wat, Phnom Bakheng was in its day the principal temple of the Angkor region, historians believe. It was the architectural centerpiece of a new capital, Yasodharapura, that Yasovarman built when he moved the court from the capital Hariharalaya in the Roluos area located to the southeast.

Phnom Bakheng in popular media[edit] Gallery[edit] See also[edit] Phnom Bakheng. Cambodia: SEE CAMBODIA BEFORE YOU DIE (1of5) [EN] Cambodia: SEE CAMBODIA BEFORE YOU DIE (2of5) [EN] Cambodia: SEE CAMBODIA BEFORE YOU DIE (3of5) [EN] Cambodia: SEE CAMBODIA BEFORE YOU DIE (4of5) [EN] Cambodia: SEE CAMBODIA BEFORE YOU DIE (5of5) [EN] Great Pyramid of Giza. The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.

Based on a mark in an interior chamber naming the work gang and a reference to fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu,[1][2] Egyptologists believe that the pyramid was built as a tomb over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC. Initially at 146.5 metres (481 feet), the Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface; what is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid. History and description[edit] Great Pyramid of Giza. The Occult Geomancy and ley lines of The Great Pyramid of Giza, Abu Simbel temples. The Abu Simbel temples are two massive rock temples in Abu Simbel (أبو سمبل in Arabic) in Nubia, southern Egypt.

They are situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 230 km southwest of Aswan (about 300 km by road). The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Nubian Monuments,"[1] which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae (near Aswan). The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BCE, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari, to commemorate his alleged victory at the Battle of Kadesh. However, the complex was relocated in its entirety in 1968, on an artificial hill made from a domed structure, high above the Aswan High Dam reservoir. The relocation of the temples was necessary to avoid their being submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser, the massive artificial water reservoir formed after the building of the Aswan High Dam on the Nile River. History[edit] Abu Simbel temples. Sacred Places: Abu Simbel, Egypt. An exploration of how and why places become invested with SACREDNESS and how the SACRED is embodied or made manifest through ART and ARCHITECTURE In 1257 BCE, Pharaoh Ramses II (1279-13 BCE) had two temples carved out of solid rock at a site on the west bank of the Nile south of Aswan in the land of Nubia and known today as Abu Simbel.

Long before Ramses II, the site had been sacred to Hathor of Absek. The temple built by Ramses, however, was dedicated to the sun gods Amon-Re and Re-Horakhte. Because of their remote location near the Sudanese border in sourthern Egypt, the temples were unknown until their rediscovery in 1813. They were first explored in 1817 by the Egyptologist Giovanni Battista Belzoni. The sacred area, marked out as a forecourt and bounded on the north and south sides by brick walls, occupied a place between the sandstone cliffs and the river. The Main Hall, Abu Simbel The Innermost Shrine, Abu Simbel Bibliography: SACRED PLACES is written and produced by Christopher L. Egypt - Luxor, Abu Simbel, Aswan - Part 1 of 2 - HD 720p. Egypt - Luxor, Abu Simbel, Aswan - Part 2 of 2 - HD 720p. Carnac Stones. Carnac. The Monsters of Carnac. Nabta Playa. Nabta Playa (Egypt) Untitled. Nabta Playa. Nabta Playa Complex Pt1. Nabta Playa Complex Pt2. Goseck circle. Goseck circle. Goseck circle.

Sonnenobservatorium Goseck. Copán. Copán. Copan Ruins. Hieroglyphs and History at Copán. Ruinas de Copán - Honduras. 2007 Copan Honduras. Borobudur. Borobudur Temple Compounds. Buddhist Cosmology: The Borobudur Temple Compound. Welcome to Borobudur.tv. Borobodur, The Lost Temple of Java part 1 of 2. Borobodur, the Lost Temple of Java part 2 of 2. Yantra Mantra. India 2008 - Jantar Mantar. Ram yantra, Jantar Mantar, Delhi Observatory. Persepolis. Persepolis. Persepolis Recreated - Part (1 of 5) English version. Persepolis Recreated-Part (2 of 5) English version. Persepolis Recreated-Part (3 of 5) English version. Persepolis Recreated-Part (4 of 5) English version. Persepolis Recreated-Part (5 of 5) English version. Naqsh-e Rustam. Iran Naqsh e Rustam. Naqsh E Rostam. Naqsh-e Rostam, Shiraz. NAQSH-e RUSTAM - (The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies - CAIS)©

Brú na Bóinne. Br na B inne. Bru na Boinne: Monument to Immortality. Newgrange (Chapter 2) Clannad ~ Newgrange. Brú na Bóinne Visitor Centre Newgrange and Kno. Brú Na Bóinne Archaeological Park. Newgrange.