Adolf Hitler (prononcé en allemand [ˈa.dɔlf ˈhɪt.lɐ] Écouter), né le à Braunau am Inn en Autriche-Hongrie, dans la partie de l'actuelle Autriche et mort par suicide le à Berlin, est un dirigeant allemand, fondateur et figure centrale du nazisme, instaurateur de la dictature totalitaire désignée sous le nom de Troisième Reich (1933-1945). Porté à la tête de l’Allemagne par le Parti national-socialiste des travailleurs allemands (NSDAP) qu’il reprend en 1920, il devient chancelier du Reich le , puis se fait plébisciter en 1934 comme président, titre qu’il délaisse pour celui de Führer (« guide »). Sa politique impérialiste, anti-slave, antisémite et raciste est à l'origine du volet européen de la Seconde Guerre mondiale et en fait le responsable de crimes de guerre et crimes contre l'humanité ayant causé plusieurs dizaines de millions de victimes, crimes dont la Shoah reste le plus marquant. Jeunes années Origines et enfance La vie de famille.
Adolf Hitler. Hitler. Nazi. Nazism. Nazism, or National Socialism in full (German: Nationalsozialismus), is the ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party and state as well as other related far-right groups.
Usually characterised as a form of fascism that incorporates scientific racism and antisemitism, Nazism originally developed from the influences of pan-Germanism, the Völkisch German nationalist movement and the anti-communist Freikorps paramilitary culture in post-First World War Germany, which many Germans felt had been left humiliated by the Treaty of Versailles. German Nazism subscribed to theories of racial hierarchy and social Darwinism, asserted the superiority of an Aryan master race, and criticised both capitalism and communism for being associated with Jewish materialism. The Nazi Party was founded as the pan-German nationalist and antisemitic German Workers' Party in January 1919. Etymology Position in the political spectrum Origins Völkisch nationalism. Adolf Hitler.
Adolf Hitler, a charismatic, Austrian-born demagogue, rose to power in Germany during the 1920s and early 1930s at a time of social, political, and economic upheaval.
Failing to take power by force in 1923, he eventually won power by democratic means. Once in power, he eliminated all opposition and launched an ambitious program of world domination and elimination of the Jews, paralleling ideas he advanced in his book, Mein Kampf. His "1,000 Year Reich" barely lasted 12 years and he died a broken and defeated man. 1. Facts about Hitler's life and the historical events which occurred during that time. Hitler. Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler was born on 20th April, 1889, in the small Austrian town of Braunau near the German border.
Both Hitler's parents had come from poor peasant families. His father Alois Hitler, the illegitimate son of a housemaid, was an intelligent and ambitious man and was at the time of Hitler's birth, a senior customs official in Lower Austria. Alois had been married before. Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ]; 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP); National Socialist German Workers Party).
He was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer (leader) of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As effective dictator of Nazi Germany, Hitler was at the centre of World War II in Europe, and the Holocaust. Hitler was a decorated veteran of World War I. He joined the precursor of the NSDAP, the German Workers' Party, in 1919 and became leader of the NSDAP in 1921. In 1923 he attempted a coup in Munich to seize power. Hitler actively sought Lebensraum ("living space") for the German people. Early years Ancestry Hitler's father, Alois Hitler, Sr. (1837–1903), was the illegitimate child of Maria Anna Schicklgruber. Childhood and education Adolf Hitler as an infant (c. 1889–90). Early adulthood in Vienna and Munich World War I Beer Hall Putsch.