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Red Star Over China. Röd stjärna över Kina, Swedish edition of the book from 1974. Red Star Over China, a 1937 book by Edgar Snow, is an account of the Communist Party of China written when they were a guerrilla army still obscure to Westerners. Along with Pearl Buck's The Good Earth (1931) it was the most influential book on Western understanding and sympathy for Red China in the 1930s.[1] Overview[edit] In Red Star Over China, Edgar Snow recounts the months that he spent with the Chinese Red Army in 1936. Although Snow made clear that Mao's ultimate aim was control of China, many readers got the impression that the Chinese communists were "agrarian reformers. " [2] Snow's Preface to the revised edition of 1968 describes the book's original context: The Western powers, in self-interest, were hoping for a miracle in China. Publishing history[edit] Snow was not available to read proofs of the initial London and New York editions, but he revised the text of the 1939 and 1944 editions.

See also[edit] [edit] The Man Who Fooled Mao’s Wife: An Interview with Translator Sidney Shapiro – Part 4The World of Chinese. American who reached Beijing before Mao and never left. Sidney Shapiro, China's Jewish Translator, Dies Aged 98 - Breaking News. Sidney Shapiro, a famed U.S. -born translator who was one of the few Westerners to gain Chinese citizenship and become a member of a high-level parliamentary body, died on the weekend in Beijing, his granddaughter said.

He was 98. Shapiro was born in New York in 1915 and first came to China in 1947, having been selected by the U.S. army to learn Chinese during World War Two. He married a Chinese actress who was a supporter of the Communist Party, which at the time was fighting a civil war with the Nationalists, and did not visit the United States again until 1971. He remained in China after the Communist revolution in 1949, when many Western foreigners left, and became a Chinese citizen in 1963 - an honor reserved only for a select few foreigners judged to have performed special services for China.

He was best known for his English translations of the Chinese classic novel “Outlaws of the Marsh,” as well as works by the more modern authors Ba Jin and Mao Dun. Record of Historic Richard Nixon-Zhou Enlai Talks in February 1972 Now Declassified. Record of Historic Richard Nixon-Zhou Enlai Talks in February 1972 Now Declassified During 21-28 February 1972, President Richard Nixon spent an extraordinary week in the People's Republic of China (PRC).

The first U.S. president to visit China, Nixon was playing a central role in opening up a new political relationship with the PRC after decades of mutual estrangement. The highlight of Nixon's trip was his meeting with Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong but its substance lay in a series of almost-daily extended conversations with Premier Zhou Enlai.1 Twenty seven years after these events, the National Archives has finally declassified the Nixon-Zhou conversations in response to a mandatory declassification review request made by the National Security Archive in 1994. Once highly classified--"Top Secret/Sensitive/Exclusively Eyes Only"--all but three of the documents were released in their entirety. The Archive will appeal the excisions made in these documents. Document 1 Document 2 1 .

Secrets, Lies, and Atomic Spies | Agnes Smedley. Agnes Smedley, a triple agent who worked for the Soviets, the Chinese Communists, and the Indian nationalists, was one of the most prolific female spies of the 20th century. Unlike most agents of the day, who were reasonably erudite, Smedley lacked a formal education and came from a poor, undistinguished family. As a young adult Smedley attempted to make up for her minimal education by attending lectures and classes at universities as often as she could. On each campus, she threw herself in with a sophisticated intellectual and international crowd, and the connections she made eventually led to her life as a spy. At New York University circa 1912, Smedley befriended a group of students from India who were agitators in their country's nationalist movement. She soon joined the Friends of Freedom for India, a secretive organization closely monitored by the U.S. government. Though Smedley eventually moved away from New York, the Indian nationalist cause remained close to her heart.

An Error Occurred Setting Your User Cookie. Anti-Comintern Pact. ... recognizing that the aim of the Communist International, known as the Comintern, is to disintegrate and subdue existing States by all the means at its command; convinced that the toleration of interference by the Communist International in the internal affairs of the nations not only endangers their internal peace and social well‑being, but is also a menace to the peace of the world desirous of co‑operating in the defense against Communist subversive activities ...[1] Origins[edit] Agreement[edit] Japan-Germany Anti-Comintern Pact, 25 November 1936. Turkey joined the pact as an observer, 18 June 1941.

In case of an attack by the Soviet Union against Germany or Japan, the two countries agreed to consult on what measures to take "to safeguard their common interests". Formation of "Axis Powers"[edit] On November 6, 1937, Italy joined the pact, Spain also joined the pact,[3] thereby forming the group that would later be known as the Axis Powers. Soviet-German agreement[edit] See also[edit] The Yan'an Bethune International Peace Hospital(Chinese Edition)(Old-Used) by BEN SHE.YI MING: paperback - liu xing. George Hatem Ma Haide Babaoshan 八宝山.

The reverse side of the tomb of Dr. Ma Haide 马海德 (George Hatem). George Hatem was born in Buffalo, New York in 1910. His parents had emigrated from Lebanon and were quite poor, working in factory jobs and building a new life. They moved to North Carolina to find better jobs and George went to school there and then on the University of North Carolina. He was an extraordinary student and won a scholarship to attend the American University in Beirut to study medicine.

From there he went on to the University of Geneva, one of the premiere research institutions. After graduating, he and Lazar Katz and Robert Levinson decided to go to China to learn more about tropical diseases and treat the needy. What they found in Shanghai was not what they expected. Conditions were bad all over China, but they focused their attention on some of the foreign owned companies, feeling that there would be more that they could do there than with local factories and farms. New Culture Movement. The New Culture Movement (simplified Chinese: 新文化运动; traditional Chinese: 新文化運動; pinyin: Xīn Wénhuà Yùndòng) of the mid 1910s and 1920s sprang from the disillusionment with traditional Chinese culture following the failure of the Chinese Republic, founded in 1912 to address China’s problems. Scholars like Chen Duxiu, Cai Yuanpei, Li Dazhao, Lu Xun, Zhou Zuoren, and Hu Shih, had classical educations but began to lead a revolt against Confucianism.

They called for the creation of a new Chinese culture based on global and western standards, especially democracy and science. Younger followers took up their call for: On May 4, 1919, students in Beijing protested the Paris Peace Conference giving German rights over Shandong to Imperial Japan, turning this cultural movement into a political one in what became known as the May Fourth Movement.[1] History[edit] Development and breakup of the movement[edit] Other students heeded Hu Shi's call to return to their studies. Notes[edit] References[edit] May Fourth Movement. Students in Beijing rallied during the May Fourth Movement. The May Fourth Movement (simplified Chinese: 五四运动; traditional Chinese: 五四運動; pinyin: Wǔsì Yùndòng) was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student demonstrations in Beijing on May 4, 1919, protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to receive territories in Shandong which had been surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao.

These demonstrations sparked national protests and marked the upsurge of Chinese nationalism, a shift towards political mobilization and away from cultural activities, and a move towards a populist base rather than intellectual elites. Many political and social leaders of the next decades emerged at this time. The term "May Fourth Movement" in a broader sense often refers to the period during 1915-1921 more often called the New Culture Movement. Background[edit] Shandong Problem[edit] See also[edit] May Fourth Movement (1919) May Fourth Movement, 1976 At the end of the First World War, in 1918, China was convinced it would be able to reclaim the territories occupied by the Germans in present-day Shandong Province.

After all, it had fought along with the Allies. However, it was not to be. The warlord government of the day had secretly struck a deal with the Japanese, offering the German colonies in return for financial support. The Allies, on the other hand, acknowledged Japan's territorial claims in China.

In the course of this May Fourth Movement (五四运动, Wusi Yundong), some 5,000 students from Peking University hit the streets to demonstrate against the Versailles Treaty. Remember the 40th anniversary of the May Fourth Movement, the youth has to become vanguards of establishing socialism! The May Fourth Movement was part cultural revolution, part social movement. Develop the revolutionary spirit of the May Fourth Movement, be a civilized worker with socialist awareness, 1959 Sources:

May Fourth Movement | Chinese history. What Is the May Fourth Movement? - Chinese Culture. The demonstrations of the May Fourth Movement (五四運動, Wǔsì Yùndòng) marked a turning point in China’s intellectual development which can still be felt today. What Led to the May Fourth Movement? While the May Fourth Incident occurred on May 4, 1919, the May Fourth Movement began in 1917 when China declared war against Germany.

During World War I, China supported the Allies on the condition that control over Shandong Province, the birthplace of Confucius, would be returned to China if the Allies triumphed. In 1914, Japan had seized control of Shandong from Germany and in 1915 Japan had issued 21 Demands (二十一個條項, Èr shí yīgè tiáo xiàng) to China, backed by the threat of war. The 21 Demands included recognition of Japan’s seizure of German spheres of influence in China and other economic and extraterritorial concessions. The transfer of German rights in Shandong to Japan at the Versailles Peace Conference created anger among the Chinese public.

What Is the May Fourth Movement? Chinese students protest the Treaty of Versailles (the May Fourth Incident), 1919 | Global Nonviolent Action Database. Post-WWI China was fraught with political turbulence and social unrest. The Qing Dynasty was overthrown in 1911 and the Republic of China was instated in its place, ending thousands of years of imperial rule in the country and generating a host of new streams of intellectual and political thought. However, warlords still ruled strong throughout many of the provinces, fueling a chaotic and backwards politics that an emerging intelligentsia sought to change. Relations with Japan were an important part of this political landscape; in January 1915, Japan presented a list of demands to Chinese President Yuan Shih-k’ai, known as the “Twenty-one Demands,” seeking to assert and expand Japanese control over various regions of China that the country had interest in.

Among these regions was Shantung Province, a stipulation that garnered much opposition within China, and that would go on to be included in the May Fourth campaign’s objectives. THE MAY 4TH MOVEMENT. Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung May 1939 [Comrade Mao Tse-tung wrote this article for newspapers in Yenan to commemorate the twentieth anniversary of the May 4th Movement.] The May 4th Movement twenty years ago marked a new stage in China's bourgeois-democratic revolution against imperialism and feudalism. The cultural reform movement which grew out of the May 4th Movement was only one of the manifestations of this revolution. If we trace China's bourgeois-democratic revolution back to its formative period, we see that it has passed through a number of stages in its development: the Opium War, the War of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the Sino-Japanese War of 1894,[1] the Reform Movement of 1898,[2] the Yi Ho Tuan Movement,[3] the Revolution of 1911, the May 4th Movement, the Northern Expedition, and the War of the Agrarian Revolution.

China's democratic revolution depends on definite social forces for its accomplishment. 1. 2. 3. Round-Eyes-In-the-Middle-Kingdom - Trailer - Cast - Showtimes. Soviet invasion of Manchuria. Since 1983, the operation has sometimes been called Operation August Storm (mainly in the United States), after U.S. Army historian David Glantz used this title for a paper on the subject.[1] Summary[edit] As agreed with the Allies at the Tehran Conference in November 1943 and the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the Soviet Union entered World War II's Pacific Theater within three months of the end of the war in Europe. The invasion began on 9 August 1945, exactly three months after the German surrender on May 8 (9 May, 0:43 Moscow time). the Khingan–Mukden Offensive Operation (9 August 1945 – 2 September 1945) (Lesser Khingan-Mukden area);the Harbin-Kirin Offensive Operation (9 August 1945 – 2 September 1945) (Harbin-Jilin area); andthe Sungari Offensive Operation (9 August 1945 – 2 September 1945).

Background and buildup[edit] Combatant forces[edit] Soviets[edit] Western Front of Manchuria[edit] The Transbaikal Front, under Marshal Rodion Malinovsky, included:[1] Japanese[edit] Notes[edit] Kwantung Army. History[edit] Formation[edit] Kwantung Army on maneuvers Following the Russo-Japanese War, Japan obtained the Kwantung Leased Territory and the areas adjacent to the South Manchurian Railway. "Kwantung" means "east of Shanhaiguan", a guarded pass, east of which lies Manchuria. The Kwantung Garrison was established in 1906 to defend this territory, and originally was composed of an infantry division and a heavy siege artillery battalion, supplemented with six independent garrison battalions as railway guards deployed along the South Manchurian Railway Zone, for a total troop strength of 10,000 men. It was headquartered in Port Arthur, known as "Ryōjun" in Japanese.

Independent actions[edit] Although the Kwantung Army was nominally subordinate to the Imperial General Headquarters and the senior staff at the Army General Staff, its leadership often acted in direct violation of the orders from the mainland Japan without suffering any consequence. Second World War[edit] List of commanders[edit] Ursula Kuczynski.

Ursula Ruth Kuczynski (15 May 1907, Schöneberg, Prussia, German Empire – 7 July 2000, Berlin, Germany,[1] also known as Ruth Werner, Ursula Beurton and Ursula Hamburger) was a German author and spy who worked for the Soviet Union.[2][3] Many names[edit] Two marriages and a career in espionage left her with an unusually diverse range of names which is reflected in the sources. English Wikipedia currently (2014) favours Ursula Ruth Kuczynski which combines her birth name Ursula Maria Kuczynski with Ruth Werner, the name by which she is generally identified in sources covering her final four or five decades. Ruth Werner (Рут Вернер) is preferred by Russian and German Wikipedia. Sources concerned with her espionage work in the 1930s/40s sometimes use the cover name originally suggested to her in Shanghai by her fellow intelligence operative, Richard Sorge: "Sonja",[1][5] "Sonja Schultz"[2] or, after she moved to Britain, "Sonya".[3] Life[edit] Early years[edit] Espionage[edit] China[edit]

Pacifica Foundation: Hearings Before the United States Senate Committee on ... - United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws - Go. Charles Boxer, an Uncommon Life | Tempos d´oriente. Internationalizing the Pacific: The United States, Japan and the Institute ... - Tomoko Akami.

MyGen - Mao was a Yale Man for Skull & Bones. Koji Ariyoshi - KeyWiki. Ed Rohrbough - KeyWiki. MAO'S INTERVIEW WITH AN AMERICAN JOURNALIST, GUNTHER STIEN. Günther Stein. Circular letter from Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy to W. E. B. Du Bois, January 12, 1949. Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy - KeyWiki. Frank Coe - KeyWiki. About Amerasia Journal « Amerasia Journal. Amerasia Bank.

Amerasia. » Currie, Lauchlin Bernard (1902-1993) - SPY FOR CHINA FOUND SUFFOCATED IN PRISON, APPARENTLY A SUICIDE. John S. Service - KeyWiki. Solomon Adler - KeyWiki. Hugh DeLacy - KeyWiki. Panetta Report 4: Leon Panetta’s Communist Friend and the Chinese Spy. China Reporting. Israel Epstein. Israel Epstein. Chinese President Praises Jewish Journalist Israel Epstein - Israel. 示众,爽了谁的眼球? • thechinese • 新西兰门户网-奇异网. 白修德 - 图说历史|国外 - 华声论坛. 美國【時代週刊】記者白修德 揭露 1942 湯恩伯 - 图说历史|国内 - 华声论坛. Harrison Forman Diary, China, December 1942 - March 1943 :: Travel Diaries and Scrapbooks of Harrison Forman 1932 - 1973.

Yanan (China), Ma Haide (George Hatem) and his wife, Chou Sufei :: AGSL Digital Photo Archive - Asia and Middle East. Israel Epstein, Prominent Chinese Communist, Dies at 90. Mission & History | About Asia Society. Asia Society. Sidney Rittenberg. The Zhou Enlai Internet Archive. What If China Had a Second Political Party Tomorrow? 'The Revolutionary': An Unrequited Love For China. American Experience The Massie Affair. THE BATTLE OF CHINA - WWII Epic Warfare Footage from Japanese Army Invasion of Chinese Territory. China's Great Leap Forward | 1958 | History of China Under Mao Zedong | CIA Documentary Film. Chongqing - China's Secret Metropolis. China: Yunnan & Guangxi (2013) Documentary - Amazing Marriage Customs - China Anthropology 101 - English narration w Chinese subs. The Nanking Massacre: Facts, Pictures, WW2, Documentary Photos, Book, Women (1997)

WW2 - Japanese Invasion of China | The Second Sino-Japanese War: 1937-45 | SHOCKING WWII Documentary. 风声 The Messages 2009 1080p BluRay x264 DTS WiKi. 2014最新电影--柳如是 BD高清末删减版--English Subtitles China New Full Movie. 大明劫 Fall of Ming 2013. The Destiny (2014) HD Mandarin movie English subtitles. Sacrifice (2010) English subtitle. The First Emperor of China. The Last Emperor of China. Chinese Revolution. Mao Zedong and China's Cultural Revolution Full Documentary. China - A Century of Revolution Part 3. China - A Century of Revolution Part 2. China - A Century of Revolution Part 1. China A Century of Revolution 1949/1976. CHINA: The Origins of Communism (720p) The Rise of Communism in China - (Documentary) SVD-Curia :: The Founding Generation :: J.F. - Pioneer of the Divine Word Missionaries in China. Untitled. Mao was a Yale Man - A Yali and Skull and Bones.

In China, a Place Where Maoism Still Reigns. Maoists in China, Given New Life, Attack Dissent. US removes Nepal Maoists from 'terrorism list': No more a threat to America. Iran’s Maoists make plans in the shadow of war. Neo-Maoism in China | CivilChina.