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Hebrew Glossary. Then name Ashkenaz (Bereishit 10:3) has since the 10th century been identified with Germany. As the German and French Jews of the medieval period formed a uniform group in culture and religious customs, they were all referred to as Ashkenazim in contradistinction to the Sefardim or Spanish- Portuguese Jews. Ashkenazim are the people who use Nusach Ashkenaz, the prayer arrangement adopted by the medieval Franco-German Jews, including certain variations described as belonging to the Polish custom (Minhag Polin). In the 18th century, the Chasidic movement adopted the Sefardic arrangement of prayers; hence, the Chasidim have been called Sefardim on many occasions.
The Ashkenazim in Eastern Europe developed an intense religious life, disseminating Talmudic scholarship among the people to a degree never before surpassed in Jewish history. Hebrew - English Bible. According to the Masoretic Text and the JPS 1917 Edition © 2005 all rights reserved to Mechon Mamre for this HTML version If you do not know any Hebrew, try our Hebrew Bible in English; if you know Hebrew well, you may prefer one of our four all Hebrew Bibles.
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