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Cartesianism & Epistemology
[Physics FAQ] - [Copyright] Updated 1997 by Sugihara Hiroshi. Original by Phil Gibbs 1996. Occam's (or Ockham's) razor is a principle attributed to the 14th century logician and Franciscan friar William of Ockham. Ockham was the village in the English county of Surrey where he was born. The principle states that " Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily. " Sometimes it is quoted in one of its original Latin forms to give it an air of authenticity:
The sorites paradox (sometimes translated as the paradox of the heap because in Ancient Greek : σωρίτης sōritēs means "heaped up") is a paradox that arises from vague predicates . [ 1 ] A typical formulation involves a heap of sand , from which grains are individually removed. Under the assumption that removing a single grain does not turn a heap into a non-heap, the paradox is to consider what happens when the process is repeated enough times: is a single remaining grain still a heap? (Or are even no grains at all a heap?) If not, when did it change from a heap to a non-heap?