Innovation

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Réinventons les toilettes. The Fun Theory. Researchers Develop a Heat Pump That Can Last 10,000 Years. Most heat pumps maintain an average useful life of 10-20 years, but researchers at the University of Stavanger in Norway (USN) and the University of Oslo believe that they have developed a new heat pump that will last up to 10,000 years.

Researchers Develop a Heat Pump That Can Last 10,000 Years

The new heat pump is comprised of many miniature heat pumps, as small as one cubic millimeter, that can be arranged in an array to create a larger unit that can be tall and thin or short and wide, offering flexible modularity for application in any area of a building. “The most important advantage of the new heat pump is that you can regulate its size and form and that it is more durable than heat pumps are today. À Delft, les matériaux s'autoréparent. A fast and low-power microelectromechanical system-based non-volatile memory device : Nature Communications. Device fabrication and operation concept The design concept can easily be extended to other memory architectures in which a floating gate needs to be quickly and efficiently charged and discharged, however, there is an advantage of the CNT-FET design as demonstrated here.

A fast and low-power microelectromechanical system-based non-volatile memory device : Nature Communications

The floating gate provides a potential barrier for the charge carriers in the CNT-FET and can rapidly switch between on and off states24. In ordinary flash memories, the floating gate, surrounded by a thin insulating barrier, is placed on a metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) channel1 as shown in Figure 1a. Electrons tunnel to the floating gate through the insulating dielectric on application of a high voltage to the control gate. New Discovery May Lead to Typing-Powered Laptops and Everlasting Batteries. Self-powered laptops and everlasting batteries could soon become a reality thanks to a new study from the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology that measured a piezoelectric film’s capacity for turning mechanical pressure into electricity.

New Discovery May Lead to Typing-Powered Laptops and Everlasting Batteries

Piezoelectricity is a phenomenon already at work in small devices such as cigarette lighters, which use a piezoelectric crystal to create a charge when struck by a spring-loaded hammer. Piezoelectric materials such as crystals or ceramics are nothing new, but this is an application with a greater scope for use. New Graphene Super Paper is 10x Stronger Than Steel. The University of Technology in Sydney recently unveiled a new type of graphene nano paper that is ten times stronger than a sheet of steel.

New Graphene Super Paper is 10x Stronger Than Steel

Composed of processed and pressed graphite, the material is as thin as a sheet of paper yet incredible durable — this strength and thinness gives it remarkable applications in many industries, and it is completely recyclable to boot. Photo by Wikimedia Commons. New Memory Device Rethinks Data Storage and Saves Energy. Scientists at Konkuk University, Seoul National University and the University of Edinburgh’s School of Chemistry have developed an energy-efficient device capable of storing the memory needed for smart phones, mp3 players and digital cameras.

New Memory Device Rethinks Data Storage and Saves Energy

The new device rethinks the way memory is currently used by introducing a self-propelled floating cantilever which reacts to electrical currents within the device to convert this electrical information into binary code. The floating cantilever not only works much more quickly than current electronically powered conversion devices, but with less energy than conventional devices. The new development promises more efficient and faster gadgets in the future. Current memory devices — NAND- and NOR-type flash memories — are widely used because of their ease of manufacturing and advanced technology. GreenIT : 7 ordinateurs sur 10 ne sont pas recyclés. Energy Materials: Nanoscale Characterization of Energy Generation from Piezoelectric Thin Films (Adv. Funct. Mater. 12/2011) - Bhaskaran - 2011 - Advanced Functional Materials.

Green Design

The "1-10-100 Principle" for experimenters. Above: Scott Weaver came to Maker Faire to show how he makes incredible toothpick sculptures.

The "1-10-100 Principle" for experimenters

The "1-10-100 principle" applies to his art, I'm sure. Peter Tu of GE Global Research went to Maker Faire in San Mateo in May and wrote a piece about what he witnessed there. Like many others, he was impressed with Stephen Voltz and Fritz Grobe's talk about the "1-10-100 Principle" for experimenters. Two of the stars of the event were Stephen Voltz and Fritz Grobe who are famous for their viral Coke and Mentos videos. I enjoyed a talk they gave on their approach to innovation as it applies to performance art.