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China - One Child Policy

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Io9.gizmodo. See How the One-Child Policy Changed China. China's decision to lift its one-child policy next year is expected to diversify the country’s aging, increasingly male population.

See How the One-Child Policy Changed China

But the degree to which the policy has affected the country of more than 1.3 billion people is hard to imagine. Here are five charts and maps that help illustrate it. Population Control The nearly 40-year-old restriction on having multiple children isn't the only time the Chinese government stepped into family planning. Shortly after the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Mao Zedong encouraged the population to multiply and create manpower.

The success was short lived. In 1979, the government introduced the one-child policy, under which most couples are allowed to have only one child or else face the possibility of fines, sterilizations, and abortions. Population Growth In 2013, a relaxation of policy allowed over 12 million couples to apply to have a second child. Another Kind of Labor It’s Happening (Almost) Everywhere. 5 things to know about China's 1-child policy. China's ruling Communist Party announced Thursday that all couples will be allowed to have two children, ending the country's decades-old, unpopular one-child policy that has risked becoming a demographic burden as the population ages.

5 things to know about China's 1-child policy

The one-child policy had been watered down several times since it was introduced in 1979, to the extent that most couples already qualified to have two kids. Thursday's announcement officially removed all remaining restrictions limiting couples to only one child and signalled the country's desire to address the imbalanced sex ratio that has resulted from a traditional preference for boys. Here are five things to know about the world's most ambitious population-control policy: 1.

Why was the 1-child policy created? China, which has the world's largest population at 1.4 billion people, introduced the policy in 1979 as a temporary measure to curb a then-surging population and limit the demands for water and other resources. China's village of the bachelors: no wives in sight in remote settlement. He wants a wife, of course.

China's village of the bachelors: no wives in sight in remote settlement

But ask what kind of woman he seeks and Duan Biansheng looks perplexed. "I don't have any requirements at all," said the 35-year-old farmer. "I would be satisfied with just a wife. " His prospects of finding one, he added, are "almost zero". There are dozens of single men in Banzhushan village, perched high on a remote mountain peak in central Hunan province – and not one unattached woman of marriageable age. Tens of millions of men across China face a future as bachelors. Duan worries about growing old with no one to care for him. This is the perverse outcome of the country's longstanding preference for sons, and its sudden modernisation. Having a boy is a cultural and a pragmatic choice: you expect him to continue your lineage and support you in old age.

Sex-selective abortion is illegal, but is clearly widely practised. The normal human birth ratio is 106 males for every 100 females. It is equivalent to every male in the UK dying a bachelor. How China’s One-Child Policy Backfired Disastrously. China's one-child policy was aimed at slashing the nation's population to boost economic growth.

How China’s One-Child Policy Backfired Disastrously

It resulted in millions of forced sterilizations, abortions, infanticide, and marital misery. After more than 30 years, the Central Committee of China’s Communist Party announced Thursday that it would end the rule, easily the country's most unpopular. Mei Fong, a former Pulitzer Prize-winning Wall Street Journal reporter, is author of the forthcoming book One Child: The Past And Future Of China’s Most Radical Experiment. Speaking from California, she describes how the policy caused an enormous demographic headache for China; why it will take decades to reverse; and how, as a result, China is full of lonely men. Why has China made this decision now? The reason China is doing this right now is because they have too many men, too many old people, and too few young people. China has lifted 600 million people out of poverty. Journalists love that phrase.