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Year 8 history- Polynesia

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Country Profile, Easter Island (Rapa Nui) Easter Island, a province of Chile, lies between the west coast of South America and Pitcairn Island, its nearest inhabited neighbour. It is situated in approximately 28 deg 10 min S latitude and 109 deg 30 min W longitude. Santiago, the Chilean capital, is 3790 eastward; Pitcairn is about 1600 km westward. The official Spanish name for the island is Isla de Pascua. Other languages translate it similarly so that in French it is known as Ile de Pâques, German Österinsel and so on. It is known also as Rapanui, a Polynesian name dating back to the 1860s. The island has an area of 166 sq. km and the 1992 census shows a resident population of 2,770 persons. Hangaroa, on the west coast, and adjoining Mataveri are the only settlements, although there are plans for a new town along the south coast, as the population increases.

The island is administered by a governor appointed by the Chilean Government. JusticeThe legal is the same as in Chile and is operated on an island basis. Livestock. AHU TE PITO KURA | Imagina Easter Island. Aereal view of Ahu Te Pito Kura Following the road on the north coast, facing a fishing cove in La Perouse Bay, Ahu Te Pito Kura can be found. This platform is intact and its moai lies in the position it was when it was knocked down by the Rapa Nui. This moai is the largest sculpture ever transported from the Rano Raraku quarry and placed on an ahu. easter island faces, easter island stone henge This moai’s name is Paro, and it’s one of the few names that has been preserved over time.

This giant has spectacular dimensions. It’s 10 meters tall, just their ears are 2 meters long, and its weight is estimated to exceed 70 tons. This was the last moai that was seen standing by a foreign visitor, according to French explorer Abel Du Petit-Thouars, who visited the island in 1838. Rounded polished stone at Te Pito Kura About 40 meters to the left of the ahu is a large completely polished oval rock surrounded by a stone wall and four other stones that serve as chairs. Map Data Map. Rapa Nui « Murray Foote « Page 2. We arrived at Ahu Te Pita Kura in the morning of the 25th, after visiting Ovahe at dawn and then Papa Vaka. The moai here was the largest ever moved to an ahu at nearly 10 metres tall and weighing approximately 82 tonnes.

As well as that, its pukao (topknot) weighed a further 12 tonnes. Moai Paro at Ahu Te Pito Kura … and this is the moai and its pukao. I did read (though I’m not sure where) that the moai was commissioned by the widow of an ariki (chief) to commemorate his memory. You can also click on this link for a digital reconstruction to see what Moia Paro would have looked like. Ahu Te Pita Kura This is the back wall of the ahu, from the seaward side, featuring massive closely fitting blocks.

Ahu Te Pita Kura and surrounds Here is a view from just south of Ahu Te Pita Kura looking north. I presume the rectangular structure in the middle is a tupa (tomb) or hare moa (chicken house). Near Ahu Te Pita Kura I wandered on to check out a structure on the skyline of the previous image. AHU TAHAI - EASTER ISLAND | Imagina Easter Island. General view of Tahai site This archaeological site was restored between 1968 and 1970 by American archaeologist William Mulloy and recreates the original layout of the Rapanui villages.

Mulloy’s ashes rest under a small carved stone under the hare paenga, at the southern end of the complex. View of Ahi Vai Uri and Ahu Ko te Riku The three ahu or ceremonial platforms found here are, from left to right, Ahu Vai Uri, which has five moais, Ahu Tahai; with a single and quite eroded moai; and finally, Ahu Ko Te Riku, on which a single moai stands equipped with eyes (a replica based on the eye found in Anakena in 1978) and a pukao (a red scoria headdress). This ahu displays the moais in their maximum splendor. Moai with pukao and eyes of Ahu Ko Te Riku Down the slope from the parking lot, the rock structure on the left is a hare moa, or chicken coop, where the Rapa Nui used to keep the hens during the tribal wars or in times of scarcity.

Remains of hare paenga Ramp for canoes Sunset in Tahai Map. Easter Island: land of mystery (1) Journal of the Polynesian Society: Easter Island's Position In The Prehistory Of Polynesia, By Kenneth P. Emory, P 57-69. Mysterious Places: Explore sacred sites and ancient civilizations. Wild speculation about UFO's, Atlantis, and vanished advanced ancient races has always been a part of the Easter Island debate. Science has made great strides in understanding who made the giant statues of Easter Island and has put to rest these bizarre stories.

This short pictorial essay will hopefully clear up continuing misconceptions about Easter Island and perhaps will get you thinking about how the story of Easter Island relates to what we as humans are currently doing to our planet. This is a story everyone should read. Easter Island Story 1. Arrival Easter Island--Rapa Nui is a tiny speck of land in the South Pacific. Formed by a series of massive volcanic eruptions, the island was only inhabited by sea birds and dragonflies for millions of years. Lava tubes and pounding waves have created hundreds of sea caves and a treacherous coastline. The voyagers started constructing villages and houses made in an unusual elliptical shape. 2. 1. Easter Island: Culture/Tradition. Undoubtedly, the excellent characteristic of the culture rapanui are the statues moai, dedicated in memory of the ancient chiefs and that presidiaban from your altar, the ahu all the activities of the settlements constructed concerning the platform and near a bay.

Esta estatuaria predominante logró eclipsar otros elementos de la cultura rapanui tal como: los petroglifos, los tatuajes tatoo, las pinturas corporales Takona, el idioma, la música, la danza, la gastronomía y la escritura Rongo- Rongo, una de las últimas escrituras. Language: His native language is Rapa Nui, but also they speak the Spanish. For influences of the tourism, great part of the population the English and French speaks, and a small quantity the certified guides speak also Germany, Italian, Portuguese, Japanese, overcoat. Religion: In principle, the human beings have a body (Hakari) and a soul (Kuhane). Legend: Social organizational: Politics: Festivities: Tapati Rapa Nui Fishing: Art: Music Dance Dance and Dances Rapa Nui: (a)tua. Signs that look like a canoe or a fishhook provide possible clues to their phonetic values. This is not the case with the raised ring and the pair of rings that appear on the back sides of a number of great stone moai (fig. 1).

The key to their meaning must be sought elsewhere, for example on the emaciated bodies of their smaller cousins, the moai kavakava. N the back designs of these wooden statues the singular ring appears as an integral part of a very pronounced spinal column (fig. 2). In the language of Easter Island, the "spine" is called tua ivi which literally means "backbone" (1). Added: 2011-06-05 Modified: 2013-10-14 tangata manu in the collection of the Museum N. . (1) Churchill, 1912:262: tuaivi: "spine", "back"; Englert, 1978:270: tu'a ivi: "huesos de la espalda"; Fuentes, 1960:869: tú'aíbi: "back", "shoulder" Fig. 2 Backsides of moai kavakava with distinctive backbones and raised rings ending in curves reminiscent of the 'double fishhook'-motif. Two texts with atua and kura.

Religion and expressive culture - Easter Island. Easter Island: land of mystery (2) Polynesian Mythology: Easter Island. On Easter Island, as throughout Polynesia, the people maintain an oral tradition in the form of songs and stories about their mythical gods and heroes who had the strengths and weaknesses of men, and into tales of history about noble ancestors who bore the names and attributes of gods. A figure from Easter Island, made of tapa cloth stretched over bound bullrushes and decorated with a tattoo pattern. Usually placed near the door of a house, it was believed to offer protection against evil spirits. The upper part of a Janus-faced ceremonial paddle from Easter Island.

The carving is duplicated exactly on both sides. Makemake first manifested himself in the form of a skull and the large-eyed rock-carvings or petroglyphs at the sacred village of Rongo are said to represent him. Numerous carvings of the Bird-Man, some showing him with egg in hand on the cliff top at Orongo, Easter Island. A wooden carving of a fish-man from Easter Island. This ornament was worn around the neck of dancers. Easter Island. The Moai statues of Rapa Nui (Enlarge) One of the world's most famous yet least visited archaeological sites, Easter Island is a small, hilly, now treeless island of volcanic origin. Located in the Pacific Ocean at 27 degrees south of the equator and some 2200 miles (3600 kilometers) off the coast of Chile, it is considered to be the world’s most remote inhabited island.

Sixty-three square miles in size and with three extinct volcanoes (the tallest rising to 1674 feet), the island is, technically speaking, a single massive volcano rising over ten thousand feet from the Pacific Ocean floor. The oldest known traditional name of the island is Te Pito o Te Henua, meaning ‘The Center (or Navel) of the World.’ In the early 1950s, the Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl (famous for his Kon-Tiki and Ra raft voyages across the oceans) popularized the idea that the island had been originally settled by advanced societies of Indians from the coast of South America. Moai statues, Easter Island. Expeditions to the Seafloor. History of Oceanography Click on the arrows below to learn more Polynesian Seafarers Masters of Ocean Currents The Polynesian settlement of the Pacific formed a triangle which covered an area almost twice the size of the continental United States.

Painting of Hokule’a, a traditional Polynesian canoe by artist Greg Taylor of the Honolulu Advertiser (with permission). About 30,000 years ago, human cultures along the western coastline of the Pacific Ocean -- in the area between what is now Australia and China -- started to migrate eastward across the great expanse of the Pacific Ocean. We are not sure exactly why the migrations started, but tribal wars, disease epidemics, the search for food, or natural disasters such as large volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, may have been factors. Over about 25,000 years, these people, called the Polynesians, eventually colonized the islands of the south and western Pacific, from New Guinea in the west to Fiji and Samoa in the middle. RAPA NUI RELIGION AND BELIEFS | Imagina Easter Island. The Easter Island inhabitants’ life, as well as in Polynesian cultures, was organized around their Rapa Nui religion and spiritual beliefs. These beliefs and their evolution significantly affected the course of history. rapa nui religion and beliefs The religious rituals started from birth, when the umbilical cord was cut, and extended through their whole lives, including rituals for the first haircut, the first tattoos, initiation and coming of age rituals. rapa nui religion and beliefs, easter island religion But perhaps the most important rituals, that most affected Rapa Nui art and history, were the ones associated with death.

The Rapa Nui believed that their forefathers’ spirits had the ability to come to their aid in case it was necessary, since the spirit remained around his relatives for a long time before leaving for good. But above all else, the ancestor cult gave way to the most representative Easter Island characteristic, the moai. Easter Island - Ancient Civilizations Lesson Plans, Presentations, Activities, Games, Learning Modules for Kids. The Fate of Easter Island. Inquiry: AN OCCASIONAL COLUMN Can what happened on one South Pacific island serve as a cautionary tale for the planet as a whole?

By Peter Tyson Posted 04.20.04 NOVA To see just how clearly a growing human population relies on and impacts its natural environment, one need look no further than Easter Island, the South Pacific isle with the famous stone statues known as moai. I have been reading much about the fate of Easter in preparation for an upcoming trip, and, as the geographer John Flenley and archeologist Paul Bahn write in The Enigmas of Easter Island, "it is a story with an urgent and sobering message for our own times.

" The hundreds of finely carved statues found across Easter Island bore mute witness to the collapse of Polynesia's most advanced megalithic culture. Easter Island is the most isolated piece of inhabited land in the world. Trees of life Scholars have argued that Rapanui culture and society rose and fell with the fortunes of the island's trees. Fallen idols. Easter Island and Lessons Learned! Strangely enough, Easter Island is a great topic to discuss right now, because of it's history, Easter, and "Arbor Day" all have something in common... As I go on, you will see what I mean...

Easter Island is located at the southeastern most point of the Polynesian Triangle. (Territory of Chile.) It is famous for it's statues, called moai, made by the Rapanui people. In 1722, Europeans came across Easter Island, naming it "Easter Island" because it was found on Easter Sunday. It was a treeless, isolated outcrop of volcanic land, with groups of these moai "guarding" the island. Scientists found, though, that in it's earlier years, it had once been covered with trees and vegetation. Since the 1500's, the shortage of trees had drastic effects on every day life for the population of Easter Island. Also, because of there being no more trees growing, the soil had began to dry up, and lacked nutrients needed to plant crops. In 1862, Peruvian slave raiders struck Easter Island.

6_rapa.pdf. Language Arts Activity - The Mystery of Easter Island. Consequences of Deforestation on Easter Island. An archaeological analysis of Rapa Nui settlement structure: a multi-scalar approach | Alex Morrison. Iii Project (LOMAP). She also offered me valuable professional, academic, and personal adviceover the years andI thank her for always providinga balanced perspectiveon archaeologicalresearch.Manyaspects of my research on Rapa Nui have been influenced significantly byconversations withCarl P.

Lipo. He has always provided me with thought-provokingdiscussionson a range of methodological and theoretical issues. His ability to see through to thevery central core of research questions and offer clear and concise solutions isunmatched.ChipFletcher acted as an exemplary university representative committee member. Throughhis ownresearch he has taught me about the value ofscientific integrity.I have relied on many friends in Hawaii and California over the years.

Easter Island, Moai, Rongorongo. Easter Island - Rapa Nui Native Flag of Easter Island - Reimiro Easter Island is the world's most isolated inhabited island. It is also one of the most mysterious. Easter Island is roughly midway between Chile and Tahiti. The inhabitants of this charming and mysterious place called their land: Te Pito o TeHenua, 'the navel of the world.' It sits in the South Pacific Ocean 2,300 miles west of South America, 2,500 miles southeast of Tahiti, 4,300 miles south of Hawaii, 3,700 miles north of Antarctica.

Archaeological evidence indicates discovery of the island by Polynesians at about 400 AD. The Polynesian name of the island is Rapanui, which is a name given by a Tahitian visitor in the 19th century who says that the island looked like the Tahitian island of 'Rapa,' but bigger, 'Nui.' What many early explorers who visited the island found, was a scattered population with almost no culture they could remember and without any links to the outside world. History of Easter Island First Settlers. Social and political organization - Easter Island. Facts About Rapa Nui (Easter Island) Easter Island. Year 8 Easter Island | Teacher Librarian Help. Secrets of Easter Island | Past Attempts. Easter Island: stones, history.

NMNH Centennial - Moai or Easter Island Stone Figure. A History of the World - Object : Hoa Hakananai'a Easter Island statue. Pioneers of Easter Island. Travel - Slideshow - The mysteries of Easter Island. Wayfinders : Polynesian History and Origin. The Mystery of Easter Island- page 2 | People & Places. Light at The Edge of The World - The Wayfinders. Chapter I. — Physical and Geological Features of Polynesia.—Volcanic, Crystalline, and Coral Islands; Atolls, Barrier Reefs, etc.

Www.polynesian-prehistory.com.