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Archive for 'Archaeology' Famous archaeologists of the 20th century Archaeology has been romanticized in the movies, but even though it is a field that offers a lot less adrenaline rush in real life, it still attracts a lot of brilliant minds. They get a different kind of rush from the archaeological work that they do especially when on the field. If you are interested in this field then you might want to know some of the more famous names connected with it. Here are some of the more famous archaeologists of the 20 th Century:
By Marie Parsons Egypts culture is a product of its geography, its people, and at least to some degree by its links with its neighbors. Egyptian traveled to and traded with Palestine, where pottery and Egyptian-style buildings have been found, with Afghanistan and beyond to modern Pakistan, the source for lapis lazuli, documented to have been imported into Egypt from Predynastic time. They also traded with Elam and Sumer, from whence came elements shown on palettes and cylinder seals, and indicates contact between Egypt and other regions of the Near East.
The history of the Karnak Temple complex is largely the history of Thebes . The city does not appear to have been of any significance before the Eleventh Dynasty , and any temple building here would have been relatively small and unimportant, with any shrines being dedicated to the early god of Thebes, Montu . [ 1 ] The earliest artifact found in the area of the temple is a small, eight-sided column from the Eleventh Dynasty, which mentions Amun-Re. [ 1 ] The tomb of Intef II mentions a 'house of Amun', which implies some structure, whether a shrine or a small temple is unknown. [ 1 ] The ancient name for Karnak, Ipet-Isut (usually translated as 'most select of places') only really refers to the central core structures of the Precinct of Amun-Re , and was in use as early as the 11th Dynasty, again implying the presence of some form of temple before the Middle Kingdom expansion. [ 2 ] [ edit ] Middle Kingdom
Year 2, second month of the first season, fifteenth day, under the majesty of Horus... the King of Upper and Lower Egypt A'kheperka-Re, Son of Re Thutmose, living forever and ever... He has overthrown the Ruler of Kush, the Nubian is defenseless in his grasp... like a young panther among the fleeing cattle; the fame of his majesty blinded them. In about 1500 BC, Pharaoh Thutmose I sailed down from Egypt in a major military campaign that destroyed the might of the Upper Nubian kingdom of Kush, conquering Egypt's first real African rival. A new UCSB archaeological expedition to the Dongola Reach in the Sudan examines the nature of the Egyptian-Nubian interactions before and after the Egyptian conquest. What was the effect of this violent intrusion on the native Kerma culture?
Fig. 27. The Second Cataract Forts Fig. 28. Ground plans of Second Cataract Forts
The Actual Battle of Kadesh (The Battle of Kadesh, Part II) by Jimmy Dunn writing as Troy Fox The Traditional Account Traditionally, the story of the Battle of Kadesh begins with the army of Ramesses II advancing upon the city of Kadesh in four corps. Ramesses II himself was with the lead element of the corps, known as Amun.
The New Kingdom of Egypt , also referred to as the Egyptian Empire , is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth , Nineteenth , and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt . The New Kingdom followed the Second Intermediate Period and was succeeded by the Third Intermediate Period . It was Egypt ’s most prosperous time and marked the peak of its power. [ 1 ] The later part of this period, under the Nineteenth and Twentieth Dynasties (1292–1069 BC) is also known as the Ramesside period , after the eleven pharaohs that took the name of Ramesses.
The average Egyptian This contains over 400 images, and will require some time to load . It is also is under more or less permanent construcion, I will finish sorting them all by dynasty eventually. These are the faces of ancient Egyptians from smaller tomb portraits, not usually including the larger monumental statues, as these have weathered a lot and the facial features are generally indistinct and damaged. These are meant to represent the Egyptian people, in a reasonably accurate and life-like fashion. The older dynastic images are nearer the top.
A learning and teaching resource for higher education with 3000 pages created by Wolfram Grajetzki, 300 pages by Stephen Quirke and invited contributors 3d reconstructions of 14 archaeological sites by Narushige Shiode This site is aimed to assist teaching across all disciplines, and was created in 2000-2003, managed by Stephen Quirke
The Step Pyramid Complex of Djoser The Step Pyramid Complex of Djoser (also spelled Zozer) was built during the Third Dynasty (ca. 2800 B.C.) in what is now Saqqara, Egypt . Djoser's Step Pyramid is generally considered the first tomb in Egypt to be built entirely of stone. Use this page to explore the Precinct of Djoser and its Step Pyramid. Clickable Plan
QADESH: battle of AKA Kadesh , Kaddesh, AKA En-mishpat. The Old Testament refers to En-mishpat. Mishpat is Hebrew for Judgement. Battle of Kadesh ~1300 BCE?
For other Egyptian ladies called Maatkare see Maatkare Fragmentary statue of Hatshepsut, quartz diorite, c. 1498–1483 BC Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Hatshepsut ( pron.: / h æ t ˈ ʃ ɛ p s ʊ t / ; [ 3 ] also Hatchepsut ; meaning Foremost of Noble Ladies ; [ 4 ] 1508–1458 BC) was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt. She is generally regarded by Egyptologists as one of the most successful pharaohs, reigning longer than any other woman of an indigenous Egyptian dynasty. According to Egyptologist James Henry Breasted she is also known as "the first great woman in history of whom we are informed." [ 5 ] Hatshepsut was the daughter of Thutmose I and his primary wife Ahmes.
last updated 28th January 2001 Brian Yare, January 2001 Adams (1977, 187-188) makes the following comments about the forts: