background preloader

Lingüistics

Facebook Twitter

Seeing Isn’t Required to Gesture Like a Native Speaker. News People the world over gesture when they talk, and they tend to gesture in certain ways depending on the language they speak.

Seeing Isn’t Required to Gesture Like a Native Speaker

Findings from a new study including blind and sighted participants suggest that these gestural variations do not emerge from watching other speakers make the gestures, but from learning the language itself. “Adult speakers who are blind from birth also gesture when they talk, and these gestures resemble the gestures of sighted adults speaking the same language. This is quite interesting, since blind speakers cannot be learning these language-specific gestures by watching other speakers gesture,” explains psychological scientist and lead researcher Şeyda Özçalışkan of Georgia State University. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. McGurk3. Purists don't like this mix of Acadian French and English, but it may be helping the French language in Canada. Here's a linguistic recipe.

Purists don't like this mix of Acadian French and English, but it may be helping the French language in Canada

Take French grammar and syntax and add English verbs. Take English verbs and conjugate them like French verbs. Sprinkle in the vocabulary of 17th century French settlers to French Acadia. Translate an English idiom literally to French. Toki Pona: A Language With a Hundred Words. In Chinese, the word computer translates directly as electric brain.

Toki Pona: A Language With a Hundred Words

In Icelandic, a compass is a direction-shower, and a microscope a small-watcher. In Lakota, horse is literally dog of wonder. These neologisms demonstrate the cumulative quality of language, in which we use the known to describe the unknown. Aphasia: "I thought I was the only one." — VerbalCare. Why do you think most people don't know about Aphasia?

Aphasia: "I thought I was the only one." — VerbalCare

I think one of the reasons most people do not know about aphasia is because the nature of the condition is such that aphasia isolates the individual. This, coupled with frequent mobility challenges and barriers in the community, restricts mobility. Ws also 'have regional accents' Cows have regional accents like humans, language specialists have suggested.

ws also 'have regional accents'

They decided to examine the issue after dairy farmers noticed their cows had slightly different moos, depending on which herd they came from. John Wells, Professor of Phonetics at the University of London, said regional twangs had been seen before in birds. The farmers in Somerset who noticed the phenomenon said it may have been the result of the close bond between them and their animals. Hearing babies babble with hands. Babies exposed to sign language babble silently with their hands even if they can hear, US research shows.

Hearing babies babble with hands

Dr Laura-Ann Petitto at Dartmouth College, Hanover, had previously found similar hand-babbling in deaf babies. But critics say deaf babies cannot be compared directly with hearing babies and babbling should not be regarded as an attempt at language. In New Scientist, Dr Petitto says her research proves babbling - vocal or hand - is an active language attempt. Most babies make a babbling 'ba, ba, ba' sound at around seven months. 1033: Formal Logic. Explain xkcd: It's 'cause you're dumb.

1033: Formal Logic

[edit] Explanation This comic is a riff on bumper stickers that say "honk if you love ____". Here, the subject is formal logic, but the word "if" is replaced with a formal logic term "iff," which means "if and only if". "If and only if" connects two statements, saying that either both statements are true, or both are false. In this case, either someone likes formal logic and honks, or doesn't like formal logic and doesn't honk. The joke is the contained self-reference. Magnetic Phonetics. Magnetic PhoneticsSecond edition Overview Magnetic Phonetics is a set of 276 magnetic tiles with all of the IPA symbols on them, including tiles for the diacritics.

Magnetic Phonetics

The symbol tiles (mostly 1/2" square) stick to refrigerators and metal file cabinets. With Magnetic Phonetics, you can practice using the IPA, create a wide variety of fun sound combinations and nonsense words, or even write a short shopping list phonetically. Sunday Morning Exercise: Take "The Wug Test" Jean Berko Gleason is the mother of the “wug test" whose findings rocked the world of linguistics when they were first published in 1958.

Sunday Morning Exercise: Take "The Wug Test"

The test demonstrated that children as young as three or four can internalize complex grammatical codes no one has necessarily ever tried to teach them — like forming plurals — and apply these rules broadly, even to made-up words (like the adorable “wug” featured below) they’ve never heard before. Below you'll find the 27 delightful hand-drawn pictures that comprise the original wug test. Perceptual Dialectology book by Christina Ada Anders (Editor), Markus Hundt (Editor), Alexander Lasch (Editor)

Book Details Seller < See All Copies 2010, Walter de Gruyter Hardcover, New + C$5.63 shipping Details.

Perceptual Dialectology book by Christina Ada Anders (Editor), Markus Hundt (Editor), Alexander Lasch (Editor)

A&S:News Archive-Finding Iconicity in Spoken Languages. Researchers from the University of Miami and the University of Wisconsin-Madison show that iconicity is spread across the vocabulary of spoken languages and suggest that iconicity plays a key role in word learning, similar to what is found in signed languages ‌Have you ever wondered why we call a dog a dog and not a cat? Is this an arbitrary decision, or is it based on iconicity—the resemblance between word structure and meaning? New research shows that for Indo-European languages, like English and Spanish, iconicity is more common than previously believed. The results are important for understanding the nature of human language, explains Lynn Perry, assistant professor of psychology in the University of Miami College of Arts & Sciences and co-lead author of the study.

“Many linguists are trained to believe that languages are arbitrary.” “It is the nail in the coffin for the theory that languages are essentially arbitrary,” Perlman said. Joshua Foer: John Quijada and Ithkuil, the Language He Invented. There are so many ways for speakers of English to see the world. We can glimpse, glance, visualize, view, look, spy, or ogle.

Stare, gawk, or gape. Peek, watch, or scrutinize. What spoken language carries the most information per sound or time of speech? : askscience. L2 Journals. Revistas de lingüística y filología. Cerebral mechanisms for understanding emotional prosody in speech. M.D. Pell / Brain and Language 96 (2006) 221–234 Neuropsychological background tests were adminis-tered to supply a context for understanding the results of emotional prosody tasks. To ensure that participantsunderstood verbal labels of the ve emotions evaluatedin our prosody tasks and could interpret these emotionsfrom other forms of communicative stimuli, each subjectlistened to a series of verbal scenarios (10 trials) or werepresented static facial expressions (40 trials,Pell, 2002)for identi cation of the emotion conveyed. Y evaluated by requiring each listener to discrimi-nate phoneme pairs (Benton phoneme subtest, 30 trials)and to match faces bearing the same physical identity(Benton face subtest, 54 trials).

Phone texting 'helps pupils to spell' Children who regularly use the abbreviated language of text messages are actually improving their ability to spell correctly, research suggests. A study of eight- to 12-year-olds found that rather than damaging reading and writing, "text speak" is associated with strong literacy skills. Researchers say text language uses word play and requires an awareness of how sounds relate to written English. This link between texting and literacy has proved a surprise, say researchers. These latest findings of an ongoing study at the University of Coventry contradict any expectation that prolonged exposure to texting will erode a child's ability to spell. R U Txting? Is the Use of Text Speak Hurting Your Literacy?, Journal of Literacy Research, 2009.

Recent negative media attention surrounding the use of text speak (shorthand abbreviations of words such as "gr8" for "great") and the potentially detrimental effects of text speak on literacy prompted this study of texting and literacy in 80 college students. Thirty-four text speak users and 46 nontext speak users were assessed on their proficiency and familiarity with text speak as well as their standardized literacy levels and misspellings of common text speak words. Results showed that while text speak users were more proficient with the vocabulary, both groups showed familiarity with text speak. More important, there were no significant differences between the two groups in standardized literacy scores or misspellings of common text speak words. Thus, our analyses showed that the use of text speak is not related to low literacy performance. David Crystal - How is the internet changing language today?

Nuevas Palabras, Nuevo Mundo. The two Koreas: a shared language but a people separated by vocabularies. The Human Right to Speak Whatever Language You Want is Worth Celebrating. Using Mixed Media Tools for Eliciting Discourse in Indigenous Languages. Lenguajes. Semantic change. Change: lexical-semantic. Culture and Cognitive Science. 1. What is Culture? Exclusive: IGA franchise employees told they can't speak English to each other. CTV Montreal Published Wednesday, June 26, 2013 6:36PM EDT Last Updated Thursday, June 27, 2013 8:21AM EDT.

I believe that through the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis emotions are conformed to a select few archetypes(specifically love) that predisposition people into unhealthy relationships. CMV. : changemyview. Is Sapir-Whorf now being to taught to under-grads as accepted theory? : linguistics. Sociolinguistics panel: Ask us about language and society! : AskSocialScience. Life without language. Thought without symbols — life without language — it’s a cognitive reality that is virtually impossible for most modern humans to fathom. Is Bilingualism Really an Advantage? Everybody in Almost Every Language Says “Huh”? HUH?! Pinker Outline. I. Physical symbol system. Language of thought hypothesis.

Unreported World. Soundsense. The Family That Couldn’t Say Hippopotamus - Issue 17: Big Bangs. There is a family living in Britain, known only as the KE family, with a few members that can’t quite say words like “hippopotamus.” They know the words, but can’t get their mouth positions quite right, so their speech comes out garbled. Some family members have a hard time saying words in the right order, and others have trouble reciting words that begin with the same letter. Multiple generations of the family have similar language difficulties, suggesting a genetic basis for their disorder. In the early 2000s, Oxford University geneticists Anthony Monaco, Simon Fisher, and their colleagues found the culprit: KE family members had a rare mutation in a gene called FOXP2.1 The mutation was subtle—only one nucleotide removed from the typical FOXP2 sequence—but the resulting language impairment was substantial. That meant there was probably something about the normal FOXP2 gene that helped enable fluent speech.

The Linguistics of LOL - Britt Peterson. Dabbling in Computational Linguistics · Scrambled Eggs. MU News Bureau. How likely are chance resemblances between languages? Extinct Languages Spoken - Ubykh, Old English, Proto-Indo-European and more. The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language (P.S.): Steven Pinker: 9780061336461: Amazon.com: Books. Youtube. Handbook of Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Approaches: 9780195373653: Medicine & Health Science Books @ Amazon.com.

The Activation and Inhibition of Non-target Language in Bilingual Speech Production. Oceanic barriers promote language diversification in the Japanese Islands - Lee - 2014 - Journal of Evolutionary Biology. Geocentric direction systems use uphill, uptown instead of north/south: Found in Bali, NYC, etc. Funny-chart-synonyms-words-fear-anger.jpg (426×487)

Archives. Linguists Against Humanity. Interview With Linguist David Peterson — Making Game of Thrones. Ww.newdualism.org/papers/W.Hinzen/Hinzen-MinimalMindDesign.pdf. Elogio a la Unidad Discreta. Words, words, words. TED Radio Hour. Www.duden.de/sites/default/files/downloads/Duden_Das_Fremdwort_Lesenswertes_und_Interessantes.pdf. The Emergence of Hierarchical Structure in Human Language. A survey on the linguistic creativity of Textspeak. Sound and Fury (2000) Ad libitum.

Perífrasis verbales. Odd expression in Mexico: "a poco" UPSID sound selection. June and Jennifer Gibbons. Indeterminacy of translation. Words. On Language - ‘Have Your Cake and Eat It Too’ Linguistics Sample Sentences. EXCLUSIVE: Martin the Pigeon Man, homeless on the streets of Dublin for many years, is not only Maltese but from a very particular social background. This animated history of the English language is wonderful. Viaje por Europa a la última frontera de las palabras: ¿de dónde viene "oso" o "rosa"?