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Naval history. Naval history is the area of military history concerning war at sea and the subject is also a sub-discipline of the broad field of maritime history. Traditionally, the focus has been on direct combat between ships at sea, rather than the use of ships to transport armies or military supplies, although frequently naval strategy hinges on the need to protect transport shipping.

Recent writing in naval history has expanded the scope of the subject to include the full range of issues associated with navies, including matters of technology, finance, bureaucracy, social history, shipbuilding, supply, and logistics. See also[edit] External links[edit] 1795–1820 in fashion. Painting of a family game of checkers ("jeu des dames") by French artist Louis-Léopold Boilly, c. 1803.

In the early 1800s, women wore thin gauzy outer dresses while men adopted trousers and overcoats. Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck and his family, 1801–02. A well-to-do family edge cautiously along a plank to avoid the filthy streets of Paris, by Boilly, 1803 By the end of the eighteenth century, a major shift in fashion was taking place that extended beyond changes in mere style to changes in philosophical and social ideals. Prior to this time, the style and traditions of the “ancien-regime” prevented the conceptualization of “the self”.

Changes in fashion[edit] 1790s: 1800s: 1810s: 1820s: Women: dress waist lines began to drop; elaborate hem and neckline decoration; cone-shaped skirts; sleeves pinchedMen: overcoats/greatcoats w. fur of velvet collars; the Garrick coat;[17] Wellington boots; jockey boots Women's fashion[edit] 1811 dance dress Overview[edit] Gowns[edit] Hairstyles and headgear[edit] Coat of arms. Sometimes the term coat of arms is used to refer to the full achievement, but this usage is wrong in a strict sense of heraldic terminology.[1][2] The ancient Romans used similar insignias on their shields, but these identified military units rather than individuals. The first evidence of medieval coats of arms is found in the Bayeux Tapestry from the 11th Century, where some of the combatants carry shields painted with crosses. Coats of arms came into general use by feudal lords and knights in battle in the 12th Century.

By the 13th Century arms had spread beyond their initial battlefield use to become a kind of flag or logo for families in the higher social classes of Europe, inherited from one generation to the next. Exactly who had a right to use arms, by law or social convention, varied to some degree between countries. Traditions and usage[edit] The German Hyghalmen Roll, ca. late 15th century, illustrates the German practice of thematic repetition from the arms in the crest.


Simo Häyhä. Simo Häyhä (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈsimɔ ˈhæy̯hæ]; December 17, 1905 – April 1, 2002), nicknamed "White Death" (Russian: Белая смерть, Belaya Smert; Finnish: valkoinen kuolema; Swedish: den vita döden) by the Red Army, was a Finnish marksman. Using a modified Mosin–Nagant in the Winter War, he acquired the highest recorded number of confirmed sniper kills – 505 – in any major war.[2] Early life[edit] Winter War service[edit] During the Winter War (1939–1940) between Finland and the Soviet Union, Häyhä served as a sniper for the Finnish Army against the Red Army in the 6th Company of JR 34 during the Battle of Kollaa. In temperatures between −40 °C (−40 °F) and −20 °C (−4 °F), dressed completely in white camouflage, Häyhä was credited with 505 confirmed kills of Soviet soldiers.[2][4] A daily account of the kills at Kollaa was made for the Finnish snipers. A "Swedish donation rifle" Simo later received as gift was a Finnish model M/28-30 but he did not use it in battle.

Later life[edit] P. 5 Real Life Soldiers Who Make Rambo Look Like a Pussy. We all understand that action movies are cheesy escapism. After all, could one commando really take out a whole compound full of bad guys? Actually, yes. It turns out the history books are full of stories of soldiers doing things so badass they'd hesitate to put them into a film for fear of killing the realism. Like these five, for example. #5.

Who Was He? Simo Hayha had a fairly boring life in Finland. Since the majority of fighting took place in the forest, he figured the best way to stop the invasion was to grab his trusty rifle, a couple of cans of food and hide in a tree all day shooting Russians. Can you spot Hayha? Of course when the Russians heard that dozens of their men were going down and that it was all one dude with a rifle, they got fucking scared.

They started by sending out a task force to find Hayha and take him out. Then they tried getting together a team of counter-snipers (which are basically snipers that kill snipers) and sent them in to eliminate Hayha. . #4. Exactly. List of designated terrorist organizations. This is a list of designated terrorist organizations by national governments, former governments and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant impact on the group's activities. Many organizations that are accused of being a terrorist organization deny using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, and there is no international consensus on the legal definition of terrorism.[1][2] Organizations currently officially designated as terrorist by various governments[edit] Organizations officially designated as terrorist in the past[edit] Below is the list of organizations that have officially been designated as terrorist in the past, by the respective parties, but have since been delisted.

Process of designation[edit] Australia[edit] Canada[edit] Entities are reviewed by the Minister and the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, and finally published in the Canada Gazette.[58] The list is also published on the website of Public Safety Canada.[59]


Europe. Middle East. Heraldry. Wars and Battles - Wars and Battles in History. Since the dawn of time, wars and battles have had a significant impact on the course of history. From the earliest battles in ancient Mesopotamia to today's war in Iraq, conflicts have had the power to shape and change our world. Conflict Overviews Throughout history, conflicts have been solved by wars. Over the centuries combat has become increasingly more sophisticated, but war's ability to change the world has stayed the same. Military History Timelines Gain a quick overview of military history with these timelines that trace battles and wars through the ages. Great Battles While wars have the ability to change the landscape, certain key battles have played a central role in determining the outcome of military conflicts.

Wars of Rome From the early days of the Republic through the fall of the Empire, Roman forces fought wars across Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. The Crusades The Hundred Years' War The Hundred Years' War saw England and France clash between 1337 and 1453. War of 1812.


JAPAN. GERMANY. Eagle (heraldry) One style of heraldic eagle, typical of German and Scandinavian heraldry In medieval and modern heraldry eagles are often said to indicate that the armiger (person bearing the arms) was courageous, a man of action and judicious. [citation needed] Where an eagle's wings were spread ("displayed") it was said to indicate the bearer's role as a protector.

[citation needed] From the reign of Frederick Barbarossa in 1155 the single-headed eagle became a symbol of the Holy Roman Empire. The eagle was clearly derived from the Roman eagle and continues to be important in the heraldry of those areas once within the Holy Roman Empire. Within Germany the placement of one's arms in front of an eagle was indicative of princely rank under the Holy Roman Empire. The French Imperial Eagle or Aigle de drapeau (lit.

Heraldic eagles are enduring symbols of many countries, including the German Bundesadler. The eagle as a symbol of Saladin is disputed by archaeologists.


Ancient Rome.