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History of writing The history of writing is primarily the development of expressing language by letters or other marks[1] and also the study and description of these developments. In the history of how systems of representation of language through graphic means have evolved in different human civilizations, more complete writing systems were preceded by proto-writing, systems of ideographic and/or early mnemonic symbols. True writing, in which the content of a linguistic utterance is encoded so that another reader can reconstruct, with a fair degree of accuracy, the exact utterance written down[A 1] is a later development. It is distinguished from proto-writing which typically avoids encoding grammatical words and affixes, making it more difficult or impossible to reconstruct the exact meaning intended by the writer unless a great deal of context is already known in advance. History of writing
Why study things? - An introduction to material culture Why study things? Or put another way, what can we learn from objects that we can’t find out from the reading of texts? There’s no simple answer to these questions but, as we shall discover in the course of this unit, there’s no getting around the ubiquity of things. This unit is an adapted extract from the Open University course Making sense of things: an introduction to material culture (A151)23 [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. Why study things? - An introduction to material culture
Oulipo (French pronunciation: ​[ulipo], short for French: Ouvroir de littérature potentielle; roughly translated: "workshop of potential literature") is a loose gathering of (mainly) French-speaking writers and mathematicians which seeks to create works using constrained writing techniques. It was founded in 1960 by Raymond Queneau and François Le Lionnais. Other notable members have included novelists Georges Perec and Italo Calvino, poets Oskar Pastior, Jean Lescure and poet/mathematician Jacques Roubaud. Oulipo Oulipo
Optische Täuschungen - SPIEGEL ONLINE - Nachrichten
Evolution

Terminology[edit] Geneticists generally use portmanteau words to describe hybrids, with the order of syllables indicating which parent is which. This is important because of genomic imprinting: genes are expressed differently depending on which parent contributed them. Humanzee Humanzee
Panspermia Illustration of a comet (center) transporting a bacterial life form (inset) through space to the Earth (left) Panspermia (Greek: πανσπερμία from πᾶς/πᾶν (pas/pan) "all" and σπέρμα (sperma) "seed") is the hypothesis that life exists throughout the Universe, distributed by meteoroids, asteroids, comets[2] and planetoids.[3] Panspermia is the proposal that life forms that can survive the effects of space, such as extremophiles, become trapped in debris that is ejected into space after collisions between planets that harbor life and small Solar System bodies (SSSB). Some organisms may travel dormant for an extended amount of time before colliding randomly with other planets or intermingling with protoplanetary disks. Panspermia
Near-Earth object Animation of the rotation of 433 Eros, a Near-Earth asteroid visited by an unmanned spacecraft A near-Earth object (NEO) is a Solar System object whose orbit brings it into proximity with Earth. All NEOs have a closest approach to the Sun (perihelion) of less than 1.3 AU.[2] They include a few thousand near-Earth asteroids (NEAs), near-Earth comets, a number of solar-orbiting spacecraft, and meteoroids large enough to be tracked in space before striking the Earth. It is now widely accepted that collisions in the past have had a significant role in shaping the geological and biological history of the planet.[3] NEOs have become of increased interest since the 1980s because of increased awareness of the potential danger some of the asteroids or comets pose to Earth, and active mitigations are being researched.[4] Near-Earth object
Pleiades Pleiades Observational history[edit] The Pleiades are a prominent sight in winter in both the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere, and have been known since antiquity to cultures all around the world, including the Māori, Aboriginal Australians, the Persians, the Arabs (known as Thurayya), the Chinese, the Japanese, the Maya, the Aztec, and the Sioux and Cherokee. In Tamil culture this star cluster is attributed to Lord Murugan (Lord Murugan raised by the six sisters known as the Kārththikai Pengal and thus came to be known as Kārtikeyan). In Sanskrit he is known as Skanda. The Nebra sky disk, dated c. 1600 BC. The cluster of dots in the upper right portion of the disk is believed to be the Pleiades.
In der wissenschaftlichen Literatur wird das Wort Schiefer (ahd. scivaro, mhd. schiver(e) ‚Steinsplitter‘, ‚Holzsplitter‘; mittelniederdeutsch schiver ‚Schiefer‘, ‚Schindel‘) ohne weitere Zusätze nicht mehr als Gesteinsname verwendet. Schieferarten[Bearbeiten] Schiefer aus der Gruppe der undeformierten Sedimentgesteine[Bearbeiten] Tonschiefer[Bearbeiten] Schiefer Schiefer
Zwei Rachegöttinnen (Zeichnung aus dem 19. Jahrhundert nach einer antiken Vase) Die Erinyen oder Erinnyen ( griechisch Ἐρīνύς , Pl.: Ἐρινύες ) – bei den Griechen auch als Maniai , „die Rasenden“, später als Eumeniden (Εὐμενίδες), bei den Römern als Furien bezeichnet – sind in der griechischen Mythologie drei Rachegöttinnen: Alekto ( Ἀληκτώ ), „die (bei ihrer Jagd) Unaufhörliche“ Megaira ( Μέγαιρα , deutsch auch „Megäre“), „der neidische Zorn“. Im übertragenen Sinne wird ihr Name auch für eine böse, wütende Frau verwendet, eben für eine Furie (römisches Pendant einer Erinye). Tisiphone ( Τισιφόνη , auch: Teisiphone), „die Vergeltung“ oder „die den Mord Rächende“. Erinyen Erinyen
Critical companion to Kurt Vonnegut ... - Susan Elizabeth Farrell
Proper motion Proper motion Relation between proper motion and velocity components of an object. At emission, the object was at distance d from the Sun, and moved at angular rate μ radian/s, that is, μ = vt / d with vt = velocity transverse to line of sight from the Sun. (The diagram illustrates an angle μ swept out in unit time at tangential velocity vt.)
Universal Time Universal Time (UT) is a time standard based on the rotation of the Earth. It is a modern continuation of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), i.e., the mean solar time on the Prime Meridian at Greenwich, and GMT is sometimes used loosely as a synonym for UTC. In fact, the expression "Universal Time" is ambiguous (when accuracy of better than a few seconds is required), as there are several versions of it, the most commonly used being UTC and UT1 (see below). All of these versions of UT are based on the rotation of the Earth in relation to distant celestial objects (stars and quasars), but with a scaling factor and other adjustments to make them closer to solar time.
List of common misconceptions This incomplete list is not intended to be exhaustive. This list corrects erroneous beliefs that are currently widely held about notable topics. Each misconception and the corresponding facts have been discussed in published literature. Note that each entry is formatted as a correction; the misconceptions themselves are implied rather than stated.
William James Sidis Biography[edit] Parents and upbringing (1898–1909)[edit] William James Sidis was born to Jewish Ukrainian immigrants on April 1, 1898, in New York City. His father Boris Sidis, Ph.D., M.D., had emigrated in 1887 to escape political persecution. His mother Sarah Mandelbaum Sidis, M.D., and her family had fled the pogroms in 1889. Sarah attended Boston University and graduated from its School of Medicine in 1897.[3]
William James Sidis Biography[edit] Parents and upbringing (1898–1909)[edit] William James Sidis was born to Jewish Ukrainian immigrants on April 1, 1898, in New York City. His father Boris Sidis, Ph.D., M.D., had emigrated in 1887 to escape political persecution. His mother Sarah Mandelbaum Sidis, M.D., and her family had fled the pogroms in 1889. Sarah attended Boston University and graduated from its School of Medicine in 1897.[3]
Seclusion is the act of secluding, i.e. shutting out or keeping apart from society, or the state of being secluded, or a place that facilitates it (a secluded place). A person, a couple, or a larger group may go to a secluded place for privacy, or because the place is quiet. Seclusion of a single person is also called solitude. Restrictions on the seclusion of a man and a woman[edit] In some cases where there are legal, religious or social restrictions on two people having physical intimacy, there may be restrictions on being together in a secluded place. Seclusion
Ancient astronauts
Out-of-place artifact