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Toledot Yeshu. Sefer Toledot Yeshu (ספר תולדות ישו, The Book of the Generations/History/Life of Jesus), often abbreviated as Toledot Yeshu, is an early Jewish text taken to be an alternative biography of Jesus. It exists in a number of different versions, none of which are considered either canonical or normative within rabbinic literature,[1] but which appear to have been widely circulated in Europe and the Middle East in the medieval period.[2][3] A 15th-century Yemenite work of the same was titled Maaseh Yeshu, or the "Episode of Jesus," in which Jesus is described as being the son of Joseph, the son of Pandera (see: Episode of Jesus).

The account portrays Jesus as an impostor. Both Jewish and Christian scholars in modern times have paid little attention to the Toledot.[7] The opinion of Father Edward H. Flannery is representative: This scurrilous fable of the life of Jesus is a medieval work, probably written down in the tenth century. .... Composition and dating[edit] Christian response[edit]

Wilhelm Wundt

Ancient Middle East. Augustinus - Confessiones. Kant. Enmerkar and En-suḫgir-ana ca. 2100. Lugalbanda and the mountain cave, ca. 2100. Enmerkar and the Lord of Arrata ca. 2100. Instructions of Shuruppak ca. 2600 BC. Inscription Tiglath-Pileser III. from Calah, ca. 750 BC. Inscription Tiglath-Pileser I. ca. 1100 BC. Apollodorus II. Pseudo Apollodorus - Bibliotheca. Plutarch Life of Alexander. Synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures. This synoptic table of the principal Old World prehistoric cultures gives a rough picture of the relationships between the various principal cultures of prehistory outside the Americas, Antarctica, Australia and Oceania. It also serves as an index of the broad features of that prehistory to be followed through links to articles. Literate cultures are shown in brackets (). Dates given in ka and MA are to be understood as before present (BP). All age determinations are circa. Table[edit] See also[edit] References[edit]

Bacon - Organon

Aphorismen von Arthur Schopenhauer. Kapitel II Von dem, was einer ist Dass _ dieses zu seinem Glücke viel mehr beiträgt, als was er hat, oder was er vorstellt, haben wir bereits im allgemeinen erkannt. Immer kommt es darauf an, was einer sei und demnach an sich selber habe: denn seine Individualität begleitet ihn stets und überall, und von ihr ist alles tingirt, was er erlebt.

In allem und bei allem genießt er zunächst nur sich selbst: Dies gilt schon von den physischen; wieviel mehr von den geistigen Genüssen. Was nun aber, von jenen allen, uns am unmittelbarsten beglückt, ist die Heiterkeit des Sinnes: denn diese gute Eigenschaft belohnt sich augenblicklich selbst. Eben dieser Unterschied ist es, den Plato durch die Ausdrücke Dyskolos und Eukolos bezeichnet. Der Gesundheit zum Teil verwandt ist die Schönheit. Unverwerflich ja sind der Unsterblichen ehrende Gaben. Der allgemeine Überblick zeigt uns, als die beiden Feinde des menschlichen Glückes, den Schmerz und die Langeweile. Und wieder: und.

Schopenhauer - Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung

Sacher-Masoch - Venus im Pelz. Platon Gorgias. Ludwig Ganghofer. Platon - Laches. Platon Ion. Platon - Protagoras. Platon - Kriton. Platon - Apologie. Plato - Phaidros. Aristoteles - Poetik. Diogenes Laertius. List of undecidable problems. Problems in logic[edit] Problems about abstract machines[edit] The mortal matrix problem: determining, given a finite set of n × n matrices with integer entries, whether they can be multiplied in some order, possibly with repetition, to yield the zero matrix.

(This is known undecidable for a set of 7 or more 3 × 3 matrices, or a set of two 21 × 21 matrices.[2])Determining whether a finite set of upper triangular 3 × 3 matrices with nonnegative integer entries generates a free semigroup.Determining whether two finitely generated subsemigroups of Mn(Z) have a common element. Problems in combinatorial group theory[edit] Problems in topology[edit] Determining whether two finite simplicial complexes are homeomorphic.Determining whether a finite simplicial complex is (homeomorphic to) a manifold.Determining whether the fundamental group of a finite simplicial complex is trivial.

Problems in analysis[edit] Other problems[edit] See also[edit] List of unsolved problems Notes[edit] Jump up ^ Wells, J. Error 403. Empire - Kostüme Kleidung Mode nach Maß - Werkstatt Gandiva. Foucault_archiv. The Travels Of Scarmentado by Voltaire. I WAS born in Candia, in the year 1600. My father was governor of the city; and I remember that a poet of middling parts, and of a most unmusical ear, whose name was Iro, composed some verses in my praise, in which he made me to descend from Minos in a direct line; but my father being afterwards disgraced, he wrote some other verses, in which he derived my pedigree from no nobler an origin than the amours of Pasiphae and her gallant.

This Iro was a most mischievous rogue, and one of the most troublesome fellows in the island. My father sent me at fifteen years of age to prosecute my studies at Rome, There I arrived in full hopes of learning all kinds of truth; for I had hitherto been taught quite the reverse, according to the custom of this lower world from China to the Alps. Monsignor Profondo, to whom I was recommended, was a man of a very singular character, and one of the most terrible scholars in the world. I traveled to France. "Alas! " A profound politician said to me with a sigh:

Freud - Psychoanalyse: Notiz über den »Wunderblock« Wenn ich meinem Gedächtnis mißtraue — der Neurotiker tut dies bekannt­lich in auffälligem Ausmaße, aber auch der Normale hat allen Grund dazu —, so kann ich dessen Funktion ergänzen und versichern, indem ich mir eine schriftliche Aufzeichnung mache. Die Fläche, welche diese Aufzeichnung bewahrt, die Schreibtafel oder das Blatt Papier, ist dann gleichsam ein materialisiertes Stück des Erinnerungsapparates, den ich sonst unsichtbar in mir trage.

Wenn ich mir nur den Ort merke, an dem die so fixierte »Erinnerung« untergebracht ist, so kann ich sie jederzeit nach Belieben »reproduzieren« und bin sicher, daß sie unverändert geblieben, also den Entstellungen entgangen ist, die sie vielleicht in meinem Gedächtnis erfahren hätte. Wenn ich mich dieser Technik zur Verbesserung meiner Gedächtnis­funktion in ausgiebiger Weise bedienen will, bemerke ich, daß mir zwei verschiedene Verfahren zu Gebote stehen. Die Analogie hätte nicht viel Wert, wenn sie sich nicht weiter verfolgen ließe.

Kurt Pinthus - Das Kinobuch

Voltaire - Scarmentado. Ludwig Tieck. Hugo von Hoffmansthal - 672. Nacht. Sacred Texts Timeline. Sacred-textsSacred Time Origins of World Religions This is a timeline which gives the history of sacred texts, as well as a few other relevant events. Of course, not all of the dates in this timeline are accurate; some are entirely conjectural. I have included a few dates, events and documents which are or may be entirely fictional. Links on this page are to resources at this site, not to external sites.

I welcome feedback about any errors of fact in this timeline. For space reasons, I have used the abbreviations listed at the end of this file. Key to Abbreviations auth. = author. b. = born ca. = circa Can. = Canonicalization Cent.= century. Cod. = Codification comp. = composition. d. = died hist.= accepted historical date o.c= date of original (typically, although not necessarily oral) composition. Orig. = original O.T. = Old Testament. p.v. = printed version Rev. = Revised. trad. = traditional date trans. = translation w.v. = written version [bhi] Baha'i [bud] Buddhism [tib] Tibetan Buddhism [hin] Hinduism.

Augustinus - Confessiones

Memories of the East Village Art Scene. In a strictly hedonistic way, Eileen’s Reno Bar was integral to the East Village community. A narrow pocket of surrealism on Second Avenue between 11th and 12th, its ceiling surfaced in plastic jade plant—brown plastic jade plant—Eileen’s had its flaccid nights of dead-room tone. But most evenings brought a steady influx of pre-op transsexuals, clueless walk-ins, bisexual drug dealers, garrulous drunks with a schizophrenic flair, Ricardo Montalban types from Europe lusting after chicks with dicks, and a few black-humored fags like myself, who much preferred the Reno Bar’s nightly Halloween party to clocking the aging process in some drippy gay bar. Eileen’s had the carnal whoop-de-do of a fetish convention. It was also full of crack whores working the track on 11th Street. One Eileen’s habitué named Joel wore a walrusy mustache and the woebegone, sagging face of the chronically defeated. My friend Louie Laurita and I felt sad for Joel.

But I’m getting ahead of myself. Ball and socket joint. The ball and socket joint (or spheroidal joint) is a joint in which the ball-shaped surface of one rounded bone fits into the cup-like depression of another bone. The distal bone is capable of motion around an indefinite number of axes, which have one common center. It enables the bone to move in many planes (almost all directions). An enarthrosis is a special kind of spheroidal joint in which the socket covers the sphere beyond its equator.[1] Examples[edit] Examples of this form of articulation are found in the hip, where the rounded head of the femur (ball) rests in the cup-like acetabulum (socket) of the pelvis, and in the glenohumeral joint of the shoulder, where the rounded head of the humerus (ball) rests in the cup-like glenoid fossa (socket) of the shoulder blade.[2] It should be noted that the shoulder includes a Sternoclavicular articulation joint. References[edit] This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.

Human skeletal changes due to bipedalism. [edit] Hip[edit] Knee[edit] Human knee joints are enlarged for the same reason as the hip – to better support an increased amount of body weight.[2] The degree of knee extension (the angle between the thigh and shank in a walking cycle) has decreased. The changing pattern of the knee joint angle of humans shows a small extension peak, called the “double knee action,” in the midstance phase. Limbs[edit] Main articles: Human leg and upper limb An increase in leg length since the evolution of bipedalism changed how leg muscles functioned in upright gait.

Skull[edit] Main article: Human skull The human skull is balanced on the vertebral column: The foramen magnum is located inferiorly under the skull, which puts much of the weight of the head behind the spine. Vertebral column[edit] The vertebral column of humans takes a forward bend in the lumbar (lower) region and a backward bend in the thoracic (upper) region. Significance[edit] See also[edit] Obstetrical dilemma References[edit] Lessons. A comparison of the Chimp, Human, and A. afarensis femur demonstrates a rounder femoral head and longer femoral neck length in bipeds. The femur is a critical link between the pelvis, vertebral column, and the feet in a biped because all of the body's mass is transferred to the feet via this bone during standing and movement.

The gluteal muscles that link the femur to the pelvis provide the propulsive force for locomotion. The rounded femoral head articulates with the pelvis at the acetabulum (hip joint). The femoral shaft is generally straight, ending in two bulbous condyles. These are larger and more elliptical in bipeds compared to the relatively smaller and rounder condyles seen in quadrupeds. The distal end of the femur articulates with the tibia (lower leg) and patella (knee cap) at the knee joint. More force is exerted on the hip joint and the femoral head as the acetabulum moves further away from the body's center of gravity.

DER SPIEGEL 14/1966 - JESUS UND DIE KIRCHEN. Meine Herren, es wackelt alles! Theologieprofessor Ernst Troeltsch 1898 über die Jesus-Forschung häufig zitiert 1966. Es gibt nicht einen Jesus, es gibt mindestens vier: den Jesus0, den Jesus0,5, den Jesus1 und den Jesus2. Auf diese Formel brachte es der Baseler evangelische Theologieprofessor Bo Reicke, der Jesus gleich "J" setzte. J0 ist der Jesus derer, die nicht an ihn glauben. Die meisten Nichtchristen sind sich, wie unterschiedlich sie über J0 auch denken, darüber einig, daß Jesus im Jahre Null geboren ist, eine Kirche gründete und gekreuzigt wurde. Doch das erste ist mit Sicherheit, das zweite wahrscheinlich ein Irrtum. Wann Jesus geboren ist, weiß niemand.

Und eine Kirche hat Jesus "nicht geschaffen und nach der Überzeugung vieler Neutestamentler nicht einmal gewollt", stellte der Tübinger evangelische Theologieprofessor Ernst Käsemann 1963 fest. J1 ist der historische Jesus. Uneinig sind sie sich allerdings darüber, in welchem Maße sich J2 von J1 unterscheidet. Gefordert. Zu sein. Birth–death process. The birth–death process is a special case of continuous-time Markov process where the state transitions are of only two types: "births", which increase the state variable by one and "deaths", which decrease the state by one. The model's name comes from a common application, the use of such models to represent the current size of a population where the transitions are literal births and deaths. Birth–death processes have many applications in demography, queueing theory, performance engineering, epidemiology or in biology. They may be used, for example to study the evolution of bacteria, the number of people with a disease within a population, or the number of customers in line at the supermarket.

When a birth occurs, the process goes from state n to n + 1. When a death occurs, the process goes from state n to state n − 1. The process is specified by birth rates and death rates Examples[edit] A pure birth process is a birth–death process where for all Use in queueing theory[edit] . And with If G. Monte Carlo method.

Monte Carlo methods (or Monte Carlo experiments) are a broad class of computational algorithms that rely on repeated random sampling to obtain numerical results; typically one runs simulations many times over in order to obtain the distribution of an unknown probabilistic entity. They are often used in physical and mathematical problems and are most useful when it is difficult or impossible to obtain a closed-form expression, or infeasible to apply a deterministic algorithm. Monte Carlo methods are mainly used in three distinct problem classes: optimization, numerical integration and generation of draws from a probability distribution. The modern version of the Monte Carlo method was invented in the late 1940s by Stanislaw Ulam, while he was working on nuclear weapons projects at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Immediately after Ulam's breakthrough, John von Neumann understood its importance and programmed the ENIAC computer to carry out Monte Carlo calculations.

Introduction[edit] Astronomers discover complex organic matter exists throughout the universe -- ScienceDaily. Astronomers report in the journal Nature that organic compounds of unexpected complexity exist throughout the Universe. The results suggest that complex organic compounds are not the sole domain of life but can be made naturally by stars. Prof. Sun Kwok and Dr. Yong Zhang of The University of Hong Kong show that an organic substance commonly found throughout the Universe contains a mixture of aromatic (ring-like) and aliphatic (chain-like) components. The researchers investigated an unsolved phenomenon: a set of infrared emissions detected in stars, interstellar space, and galaxies. Not only are stars producing this complex organic matter, they are also ejecting it into the general interstellar space, the region between stars. Most interestingly, this organic star dust is similar in structure to complex organic compounds found in meteorites.

Prof. Random walk. Markov process. This undated image provided by the journal Science a picokeystone, extracted from an aerogel tile from the Stardust interstellar dust collector. Scientists said seven microscopic particles collected by NASA's comet-chasing spacecraft, Stardust, appear to. Special relativity. Relativistic Doppler effect. Maxwell's equations. Kennedy–Thorndike experiment. Ives–Stilwell experiment. Michelson–Morley experiment. Cahier physique - physics workbook. Time dilation of moving particles. Biologist warn of early stages of Earth's sixth mass extinction event -- ScienceDaily. Lists of unsolved problems. Why Probability in Quantum Mechanics is Given by the Wave Function Squared. Library - Google Search.

History of writing. Why study things? - An introduction to material culture. Oulipo.

Evolution

How Your Brain Can Control Time | Memory, Emotions, & Decisions. Optische Täuschungen - SPIEGEL ONLINE - Nachrichten. Panspermia. Near-Earth object. Humanzee. Pleiades. Schiefer. Erinyen. Proper motion. Universal Time. List of common misconceptions. William James Sidis. Seclusion. Ancient astronauts. Out-of-place artifact.