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Edgar Allan Poe (born Edgar Poe ; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement . Best known for his tales of mystery and the macabre , Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story and is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre. He is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction . [ 1 ] He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career. [ 2 ] He was born as Edgar Poe in Boston , Massachusetts ; he was orphaned young when his mother died shortly after his father abandoned the family. Poe was taken in by John and Frances Allan, of Richmond , Virginia , but they never formally adopted him. He attended the University of Virginia for one semester but left due to lack of money.
Roald Dahl ( pron.: / ˈ r oʊ . ɑː l ˈ d ɑː l / , [ 2 ] Norwegian: [ˈɾuːɑl dɑl] ; 13 September 1916 – 23 November 1990) was a British novelist, short story writer, poet, fighter pilot and screenwriter. Born in Wales to Norwegian parents, he served in the British Royal Air Force during World War II , in which he became a flying ace and intelligence officer, rising to the rank of wing commander . Dahl rose to prominence in the 1940s, with works for both children and adults, and became one of the world's best-selling authors. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] He has been referred to as "one of the greatest storytellers for children of the 20th century". [ 5 ] In 2008 The Times placed Dahl 16th on its list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". [ 6 ] His short stories are known for their unexpected endings, and his children's books for their unsentimental, often very dark humour .
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 ( baptised ) – 23 April 1616) [ nb 1 ] was an English poet and playwright , widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. [ 1 ] He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". [ 2 ] [ nb 2 ] His extant works, including some collaborations , consist of about 38 plays , [ nb 3 ] 154 sonnets , two long narrative poems , two epitaphs on a man named John Combe, one epitaph on Elias James, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright. [ 3 ] Shakespeare was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon . At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway , with whom he had three children: Susanna , and twins Hamnet and Judith .
Joanne " Jo " Rowling ( pron.: / ˈ r oʊ l ɪ ŋ / ), OBE FRSL [ 3 ] (born 31 July 1965 [ 4 ] ), pen name J. K. Rowling , [ 5 ] is a British novelist, best known as the author of the Harry Potter fantasy series. The Potter books have gained worldwide attention, won multiple awards, and sold more than 400 million copies. [ 6 ] They have become the best-selling book series in history , [ 7 ] and been the basis for a series of films which has become the highest-grossing film series in history . [ 8 ] Rowling had overall approval on the scripts [ 9 ] as well as maintaining creative control by serving as a producer on the final instalment. [ 10 ]
Joseph E. LeDoux (born 7 December 1949, Eunice, Louisiana ) is a neuroscientist , the Henry and Lucy Moses Professor of Science, and professor of neuroscience and psychology at New York University . He is also the director of the Center for the Neuroscience of Fear and Anxiety, a multi-university Center in New York City devoted to using animal research to understand pathological fear and anxiety in humans. He received his Ph.D. in 1977 at the State University of New York at Stony Brook . He was a recipient of the 2005 International Prize of the Fyssen Foundation . [ 1 ]
Garth Nix (born 19 July 1963) is an Australian author of young adult fantasy novels, most notably the Old Kingdom series , The Seventh Tower series, and The Keys to the Kingdom series. He has frequently been asked if his name is a pseudonym, to which he has responded, "I guess people ask me because it sounds like the perfect name for a writer of fantasy. However, it is my real name." [ 1 ] [ edit ] Biography Born in Melbourne, Nix was raised in Canberra. Subsequent to a period working for the Australian Government, he traveled in Europe before returning to Australia in 1983 and undertaking a BA in professional writing between 1984 and 1986 at the University of Canberra .