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Aarne–Thompson–Uther Index. Index used to classify folk narratives The Aarne–Thompson–Uther Index (ATU Index) is a catalogue of folktale types used in folklore studies.

Aarne–Thompson–Uther Index

The ATU Index is the product of a series of revisions and expansions by an international group of scholars: Originally composed in German by Finnish folklorist Antti Aarne (1910); the index was translated into English, revised, and expanded by American folklorist Stith Thompson (1928, 1961); and later further revised and expanded by German folklorist Hans-Jörg Uther (2004). The ATU Index, along with Thompson's Motif-Index of Folk-Literature (1932) (with which it is used in tandem) is an essential tool for folklorists.[1] Definition of tale type[edit] In The Folktale, Thompson defines a tale type as follows: A type is a traditional tale that has an independent existence.

Predecessors[edit] History[edit] System[edit] The Aarne–Thompson Tale Type Index divides tales into sections with an AT number for each entry. 510A Cinderella. Nabataean alphabet. Example in Nabataean alphabet The Nabataean alphabet is an abjad (consonantal alphabet) that was used by the Nabataeans in the second century BC.[2][3] Important inscriptions are found in Petra (now in Jordan), the Sinai Peninsula (now part of Egypt), and other archaeological sites including Avdat (now in Israel) and Mada'in Saleh in Saudi Arabia.

Nabataean alphabet

Kufic. Kufic script (Arabic: الخط الكوفي‎) is a style of Arabic script that gained prominence early on as a preferred script for Quran transcription and architectural decoration, and it has since become a reference and an archetype for a number of other Arabic scripts.


It developed from the Nabataean alphabet in the city of Kufa, from which its name is derived.[1] Kufic script is characterized by angular, rectilinear letterforms and its horizontal orientation.[1] There are many different versions of Kufic script, such as square Kufic, floriated Kufic, knotted Kufic, and others.[1] The Origin of Kufic Script[edit] Bildungsroman. In literary criticism, a Bildungsroman (German pronunciation: [ˈbɪldʊŋs.ʁoˌmaːn]; "Bildung", meaning "education", and "Roman", meaning "novel"; English: "novel of formation, education, culture"; "coming-of-age story")[a][2] is a literary genre that focuses on the psychological and moral growth of the protagonist from youth to adulthood (coming of age), in which character change is important.


Origin[edit] The term was coined in 1819 by philologist Karl Morgenstern in his university lectures, and was later famously reprised by Wilhelm Dilthey, who legitimized it in 1870 and popularized it in 1905. The Conference of the Birds. Persian poem by Sufi poet Attar The Conference of the Birds or Speech of the Birds (Persian: منطق الطیر‎, Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr, also known as مقامات الطیور Maqāmāt-uṭ-Ṭuyūr; 1177) is a Persian poem by Sufi poet Farid ud-Din Attar, commonly known as Attar of Nishapur.

The Conference of the Birds

The title is taken directly from the Qur’an, 27:16, where Sulayman (Solomon) and Dāwūd (David) are said to have been taught the language, or speech, of the birds (manṭiq al-ṭayr). Attar’s death, as with his life, is subject to speculation. He is known to have lived and died a violent death in the massacre inflicted by Genghis Khan and the Mongol army on the city of Nishapur in 1221, when he was seventy years old.[1] Blog Directory - Nathan Bransford. Writing advice database - Nathan Bransford. Arrival - Analysis - Narrative First. The Storyform, Influence Character Unique Ability, and Influence Character Critical Flaw The one thing that sets the Dramatica theory of story apart from every other understanding of story is its ability to know both the ending and beginning of your story no matter where you physically start the process of writing a story.

Arrival - Analysis - Narrative First

In part, the story of Arrival is the story of Dramatica—a holistic “non-linear” approach to resolving issues that long plagued a traditional linear methodology. Linguist Louise (Amy Adams) begins the story confronted with memories and images of a distant past. “Memory is a strange thing. It doesn’t work like I thought it did. Elsewhere. Author K.M.


Weiland discusses the 8 Archetypes found in the Dramatica Theory Book, and offers her take on an additional one: The fact that archetypes are both universally applicable and yet endlessly varying provides authors with both structure and flexibility. Character archetypes present important guidelines for creating a well-rounded cast that can provide optimum help for advancing your hero’s journey. But, depending on which approach you take, they can also be either frustratingly vague or claustrophobically limiting.

Her last provides an interesting point of discussion: The Love Interest will be found in the vast majority of stories and is not mentioned in Dramatica’s list simply because it will almost always fit into one of the other archetypes as well. K.M. continues to elaborate on this character, outlining specific traits of this important character. Jump to link Story enthusiast Marc takes a look at Influence Characters. Latest writing topics - Discuss Dramatica. Plot (narrative) Godwin's The Adventures of Caleb Williams. As written for insertion in the edition of FLEETWOOD when that novel was reprinted in Bentley's "Standard Novels' as No.

Godwin's The Adventures of Caleb Williams

XXII (1832) London, November 20, 1832 CALEB WILLIAMS has always been regarded by the public with an unusual degree of favour. The proprietor of "THE STANDARD NOVELS" has therefore imagined, that even an account of the concoction and mode of writing the work would be viewed with some interest. 11 Books To Read While You're Writing Your Bestseller. Writing is hard.

11 Books To Read While You're Writing Your Bestseller

It's pain and anguish, and writers do it either by compulsion or for fun, because there's something wrong with each and every one of us. Metonymy. Metonymy (/mɛˈtɒnəmi/)[1] is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.[2] Etymology[edit] The words metonymy and metonym come from the Greek μετωνυμία, metōnymía, "a change of name", from μετά, metá, "after, beyond", and -ωνυμία, -ōnymía, a suffix that names figures of speech, from ὄνυμα, ónyma or ὄνομα, ónoma, "name".[3]


Metaphor and metonymy. In the unconscious: condensation and displacement[edit] In 1957, Jacques Lacan, inspired by an article by linguist Roman Jakobson, argued that the unconscious has the same structure of a language, and that condensation and displacement are equivalent to the poetic functions of metaphor and metonymy.[1][2][7] Author's Craft - Literary Devices. Writing activities. Tools to use for writing. Creative Writing. Creative Writing. Writing strategies. Writing Resources.