Existential therapy. Background The starting point of existential philosophy (see Warnock, 1970; Macquarrie, 1972; Mace, 1999; Van Deurzen and Kenward, 2005) can be traced back to the nineteenth century and the work of Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche.
Both were in conflict with the predominant ideologies of their time and committed to the exploration of reality as it can be experienced in a passionate and personal manner. Kierkegaard (1813–55) protested vigorously against popular misunderstanding and abuse of Christian dogma and the so-called 'objectivity' of science (Kierkegaard, 1841, 1844). He thought that both were ways of avoiding the anxiety inherent in human existence. He had great contempt for the way in which life was being lived by those around him and believed that truth could ultimately only be discovered subjectively by the individual in action.
Nietzsche (1844–1900) took this philosophy of life a step further. Development in Britain Psychological dysfunction Existentialism and Existential Psychotherapy Emmy van Deurzen. Templeton Project - Tim Crane. Male gaze. The male gaze is a concept coined by feminist film critic Laura Mulvey.
It refers to the way visual arts are structured around a masculine viewer. It describes the tendency in visual culture to depict the world and women from a masculine point of view and in terms of men's attitudes. The male gaze consists of three different gazes: that of the person behind the camera,that of the characters within the representation or film itself, andthat of the spectator. Background The concept was first developed by feminist film critic Laura Mulvey in her 1975 essay entitled "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema". Mulvey posits that the gender power asymmetry is a controlling force in cinema and constructed for the pleasure of the male viewer, which is deeply rooted in patriarchal ideologies and discourses. The concept has subsequently been prominent in feminist film theory, media studies, as well as communications and cultural studies.
Gaze. Gaze means "to look steadily, intently, and with fixed attention.
" In one sense, it is a term popularized by psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan for the anxious state that comes with the awareness that one can be viewed. The psychological effect, Lacan argues, is that the subject loses a degree of autonomy upon realizing that he or she is a visible object. This concept is bound with his theory of the mirror stage, in which a child encountering a mirror realizes that he or she has an external appearance. Constructivist and Existential College. Assistant Professor Eric Dodson. Click here for voice (Approx. 187KB WAV file) "In sum, the heart of humanistic psychology is a matter of personal involvement in the struggle to fathom the meaning of being a human being...
It's ultimately about coming to live more powerfully, more poetically... with a greater cognizance of our lot as human beings... It's about hearing the poetry in things, as well as learning to speak the poetry in things. It's about allowing our thinking and sense of discovery to stir us to the very core and marrow, and in that moment to step into the strange, tragic ecstasy of a deeply passionate world-relatedness. " -- Eric Dodson "Those thinkers in whom all stars move in cyclic orbits are not the most profound. Eric received his B.S. in computer science from the Pennsylvania State University, his M.S. in computer science from the University of Delaware, and his M.A. and Ph. Click one of these to learn more about Eric's view of life, the universe and everything. Hobbies: Influential books & authors: The Society for Existential Analysis. Menu Home » Useful Links Useful Links Existential – Phenomenology: International Federation of Daseinsanalysis University of Strathclyde Glasgow – Counselling Unit.
Recent lectures by Emmy van Deurzen and Digby Tantam. Wikipedia – Existential Psychotherapy Research sources: National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). The Journal of the Society for Existential Analysis. Newsletter of Phenomenology The Focusing Institute – Full archive of Gendlin’s articles. Advertising Counselling and Psychotherapy Workshops, Lectures, and Short Coursesi n London. Counselling and Psychotherapy Organisations: United Kingdom Council For Psychotherapy (UKCP). British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP). Untitled.