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Mélanesie

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West Papua (region) The region is 1,200 km from east to west and 736 km from north to south.

West Papua (region)

It has an area of 420,540 km2 (162,371 sq mi), which equates to approximately 22% of Indonesia's land area. The border with Papua New Guinea mostly follows the 141st meridian east, with one section defined by the Fly River.[9] The island of New Guinea was once part of the Australian landmass and lie on the Sahul. The collision between the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific plate resulting in the Maoke Mountains run through the centre of the region and are 600 km (373 mi) long and 100 km (62 mi) across. New Caledonia. Coordinates: New Caledonia has a land area of 18,576 km2 (7,172 sq mi).

New Caledonia

Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world; 848 languages are listed for the country, of which 12 have no known living speakers.[9] Most of the population of over 7 million people live in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages.[10] It is also one of the most rural, as only 18 percent of its people live in urban centres.[11] The country is one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior.[12] At the local level, the majority of the population still live in strong customary societies and – while social life is overlaid with traditional religious cosmologies and modern practices, including conventional primary education – customary subsistence-based agriculture remains fundamental.[10] These societies and clans are explicitly acknowledged within the nation's constitutional framework.

Papua New Guinea

Fiji. Fiji ( i/ˈfiːdʒiː/ FEE-jee Fijian: Viti; Fiji Hindi:फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji[8] (Fijian: Matanitu Tugalala o Viti;[9] Fiji Hindi: रिपब्लिक ऑफ फीजी[10] Fiji Hindi: Ripablik ăph Phījī), is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean about 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

Fiji

Solomon Islands. The islands have been inhabited for thousands of years.

Solomon Islands

In 1568, the Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña was the first European to visit them, naming them the Islas Salomón.[3] By 1893, the United Kingdom had established a protectorate over the territory. During the Second World War, the Solomon Islands campaign (1942–1945) saw fierce fighting between the United States and the Empire of Japan, such as in the Battle of Guadalcanal. The official name of the then British territory was changed from "the British Solomon Islands Protectorate" to "Solomon Islands" in 1975. Self-government was achieved in 1976. Independence was obtained two years later. Name[edit] History[edit] Solomon Island warriors, armed with spears, aboard an ornamented war canoe (1895). It is believed that Papuan-speaking settlers began to arrive around 30,000 BC.[6] Austronesian speakers arrived c. 4000 BC also bringing cultural elements such as the outrigger canoe.

Second World War[edit] Vanuatu. Vanuatu (English i/ˌvɑːnuːˈɑːtuː/ vah-noo-AH-too or /vænˈwɑːtuː/ van-WAH-too; Bislama IPA: [vanuaˈtu]), officially the Republic of Vanuatu (French: République de Vanuatu, Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu), is an Oceanian island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.

Vanuatu

The archipelago, which is of volcanic origin, is some 1,750 kilometres (1,090 mi) east of northern Australia, 500 kilometres (310 mi) northeast of New Caledonia, east of New Guinea, southeast of the Solomon Islands, and west of Fiji. Vanuatu was first inhabited by Melanesian people. The first Europeans to visit the islands were a Spanish expedition led by Portuguese navigator Fernandes de Queirós, who arrived on the largest island in 1606. LES PÊCHERIES CÔTIÈRES DE VANUATU. Mélanésie. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Mélanésie

Homme produisant du feu au Vanuatu La Mélanésie (littér. îles noires, du grec μέλας 'noir' et νῆσος 'île') est l'un des trois grands groupes « traditionnels » d'îles de l'océan Pacifique qui, ensemble, forment l'Océanie. Découpage géopolitique[modifier | modifier le code] Historique des subdivisions[modifier | modifier le code] Après l'avoir exploré à deux reprises, Jules Dumont d'Urville proposait, en 1831 à la Société de géographie (Paris), une nouvelle organisation du Pacifique en quatre parties : La Mélanésie traditionnelle[modifier | modifier le code] Ces États ou provinces ne constituent pas un ensemble politique homogène.

Le mot « mélanésien » est employé en linguistique dans l'expression "langues méso-mélanésiennes", qui désigne un sous-groupe de la branche océanienne des langues austronésiennes, parlées en Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée et dans les îles Salomon. De nos jours[modifier | modifier le code] Melanesia. Ethno-cultural definition of Melanesia.

Melanesia

Melanesia is one of three major cultural areas in the Pacific Ocean. Geographic definition of Melanesia, surrounded by a pink line.