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Unit 10 The Brain

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Terminally ill schoolgirl makes miracle recovery to become first in WORLD to beat rare cancer. A girl of eight who was told she would die from a rare cancer has become the first in the world to beat the disease.

Terminally ill schoolgirl makes miracle recovery to become first in WORLD to beat rare cancer

Claudia Burkill was diagnosed with Metastatic PineoBlastoma - an inoperable brain tumour - in June 2011. On four separate occasions her family was told she had days – in some cases hours – to live and had even begun to make preparations for her funeral. Future - Cancer: The mysterious miracle cases inspiring doctors. It was a case that baffled everyone involved.

Future - Cancer: The mysterious miracle cases inspiring doctors

10 weird brain disorders that totally mess with your perception of reality. Imagine being able to feel everything another person is feeling - their pleasure and their pain.

10 weird brain disorders that totally mess with your perception of reality

Or being convinced, despite all evidence to the contrary, that you're dead. These are just a few of the strange brain disorders that have plagued a rare set of people over the years. Oliver Sacks' classic book The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat introduced us to some of the strangest brain disorders people suffer from, but that's only the tip of the iceberg. Here are a few of the most bizarre mental conditions out there. 1. Mr. This man suffered from a condition known as Cotard's syndrome (or Walking corpse syndrome), in which a patient thinks he or she is dead. When Brain Damage Unlocks The Genius Within. Derek Amato stood above the shallow end of the swimming pool and called for his buddy in the Jacuzzi to toss him the football.

When Brain Damage Unlocks The Genius Within

Then he launched himself through the air, head first, arms outstretched. He figured he could roll onto one shoulder as he snagged the ball, then slide across the water. It was a grave miscalculation. The tips of Amato's fingers brushed the pigskin—then his head slammed into the pool's concrete floor with such bone-jarring force that it felt like an explosion. Brain & Behavior Research Foundation (Formerly NARSAD) 27 Oddest Medical Case Reports. Inspirational Stories of Stroke Survivors. Revolutionary New Technologies To Understand The Brain. Fueled by Compassion, Brilliant Psychiatrist / Neuroscientist / Bioengineer Sets Out to Transform Treatment of Mental Illness From The Quarterly, Summer 2013 If understanding how the brain works is biology’s “final frontier” and its toughest challenge then Dr.

Revolutionary New Technologies To Understand The Brain

Karl Deisseroth is without a doubt one of its foremost contemporary explorers. He’s a psychiatrist, neuroscientist and bioengineer whose human compassion, experimental imagination and technological brilliance lie behind his invention, just in the last decade, of two of the most important new methods of learning about brain function. Boosted by a NARSAD Young Investigator Grant in 2005, Dr. With optogenetics, scientists can switch individually targeted brain cells on and off, one at a time, using colored beams of laser light and then observe the impact on behavior in living animals. If this sounds like science fiction, Dr. Why do this? What do these amazing technologies enable scientists to do?

Dr. Karl Deisseroth, M.D., Ph.D. The BRAIN Initiative: developing technology to catalyse neuroscience discovery. Brain Mapping - MIT Technology Review. Neuroscientists have made remarkable progress in recent years toward understanding how the brain works.

Brain Mapping - MIT Technology Review

World's first prosthetic which is controlled by thought. Bionic arms controlled by a patient's thoughts are a radical improvement on existing artificial arms, according to researchers.

World's first prosthetic which is controlled by thought

Existing prosthetic arms rely on a patient twitching the muscles in the stump of their damaged arms. But because the muscle is damaged, an amputee may only be able to carry out limited movements, such as one or two grasping actions. Mind-controlled prosthetic allows movement of individual fingers. Using the mind to control prosthetic limbs is a bold idea that is slowly becoming a reality thanks to several important advances in neuroscience and robotics in the last couple of years.

Mind-controlled prosthetic allows movement of individual fingers

Now a team of researchers is claiming another significant breakthrough in this area, building a prosthetic arm whose individual fingers can be controlled via the mind, right down to the pinkie. We've seen a number of mind-controlled prosthetics aimed at allowing amputees to better carry out complex tasks. These have included bionic hands that grasp objects, allow paralyzed patients to feel a sense of touch and even systems that allow for control of two prosthetic arms at once. Brain scans 'may spot teen drug problems' Image copyright Thinkstock An international team of scientists say the way teenagers' brains are wired may help predict whether they will develop drug problems in the future.

Brain scans 'may spot teen drug problems'

The team looked at adolescents who were generally more impulsive than their peers - a trait sometimes linked to the misuse of drugs. They found teenagers who had a particular pattern of activity on brain scans were more likely to misuse drugs. The early work appears in the journal Nature Communications. Scientists asked 144 adolescents who had not previously used recreational drugs to fill in questionnaires and take part in behavioural tests to assess how impulsive they were and how attracted they were to trying new things.

Humans have shorter attention span than goldfish, thanks to smartphones. Brain waves can be used to detect potentially harmful personal information. Cyber security and authentication have been under attack in recent months as, seemingly every other day, a new report of hackers gaining access to private or sensitive information comes to light.

Brain waves can be used to detect potentially harmful personal information

Just recently, more than 500 million passwords were stolen when Yahoo revealed its security was compromised. Securing systems has gone beyond simply coming up with a clever password that could prevent nefarious computer experts from hacking into your Facebook account. Mind & Brain News. Stress and Obesity Biologically Linked Oct. 5, 2016 — Metabolic and anxiety-related disorders both pose a significant healthcare burden, and are in the spotlight of contemporary research and therapeutic efforts. Although intuitively we assume that these ... read more Oct. 5, 2016 — After being on the losing side of a fight, men seek out other allies with a look of rugged dominance about them to ensure a backup in case of future fights. Women in similar situations however, ... read more. Former England players to help major brain study. Research finds how the brain decides between effort and reward.

The Myth of Mirror Neurons. Print this page The Real Neuroscience of Communication and Cognition Gregory Hickok (Author) An essential reconsideration of one of the most far-reaching theories in modern neuroscience and psychology. In 1992, a group of neuroscientists from Parma, Italy, reported a new class of brain cells discovered in the motor cortex of the macaque monkey. These cells, later dubbed mirror neurons, responded equally well during the monkey’s own motor actions, such as grabbing an object, and while the monkey watched someone else perform similar motor actions. Mirror neurons soon jumped species and took human neuroscience and psychology by storm. Dementia and the brain - Alzheimer's Society. Download a PDF of Dementia and the brain Dementia occurs when the brain is damaged by disease. Knowing more about the brain may help someone caring for a person with dementia to understand the condition and support them better.

There has been a lot of research into how the brain works. However, not all the details are clear and more research is needed. This factsheet explains which areas of the brain are thought to be responsible for which skills and abilities. Daphne Bavelier: Your brain on video games. Gray Matters: Too Much Screen Time Damages the Brain. Henry Markram: A brain in a supercomputer. Iain McGilchrist: The divided brain. The complexity of memory. Now playing "Life comes at us very quickly, and what we need to do is take that amorphous flow of experience and somehow extract meaning from it.

" The Human Brain Project. Earth - Why would an animal lose its brain? Sponges don't ponder about the meaning or origin of life. But in some ways they are better at the whole life thing than we are. They have lived for millions more years, surviving on the sea floor by taking in nutrients through their porous bodies. To our eyes, they look almost laughably simple. They have no brain, and indeed no nerve cells. But they get along just fine without either. Sponges' brainlessness might even be a positive thing, something that evolution has favoured. A brain is what you get when many nerve cells, known as neurons, cluster together into one big lump. Complex brains were in place as early as 520 million years ago The origin of our brain starts almost four billion years ago, when life first sprang into being. Object moved. Object moved. Five mysteries of the brain. For centuries, the brain was a mystery.

Only in the last few decades have scientists begun to unravel its secrets. In recent years, using the latest technology and powerful computers further key discoveries have been made. BBC iWonder - Can video games be good for you? The Grateful Brain. Gray Matters: Too Much Screen Time Damages the Brain. Social Defeat Changes Young Brains. You Brain Works Like a Radio. What Nematodes and Sea Slugs Tell Us about Our Brains. The Placebo Effect: How It Works. Of Spider-Man Movies and Other 3D Thrillers. 3D Vision and the Brain. Will Neuroscience Change Education? Remembering Something That Never Happened. Food and the Brain's Reward System. Scientists 'read dreams' using brain scans. Scientists have found a way to "read" dreams, a study suggests. Researchers in Japan used MRI scans to reveal the images that people were seeing as they entered into an early stage of sleep.

Writing in the journal Science, they reported that they could do this with 60% accuracy. From Stratford to Rio: using Shakespeare to treat mental illness. Exploring feelings through playing different roles is recognised as helping people with mental health problems. And the theory has led one doctor to bring Shakespeare to Rio de Janeiro. Simulated brain closer to thought. How Does the Brain Assemble New Ideas from Old?