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Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge , FRS [ 1 ] (12 June 1851 – 22 August 1940) was a British physicist and writer involved in the development of key patents in wireless telegraphy . [ 2 ] In his 1894 Royal Institution lectures (" The Work of Hertz and Some of His Successors "), Lodge coined the term " coherer " for the device developed by French physicist Édouard Branly based on the work of Italian physicist Temistocle Calzecchi Onesti .
Herbert George "H.
Annie Besant (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a prominent British socialist , Theosophist , women's rights activist , writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule. She was married at 19 to Frank Besant but separated from him over religious differences. She then became a prominent speaker for the National Secular Society (NSS) and writer and a close friend of Charles Bradlaugh .
Sydney Haldane Olivier, 1st Baron Olivier , KCMG , CB , PC (16 April 1859 – 15 February 1943), was a British civil servant . A Fabian and a member of the Labour Party , he served as Governor of Jamaica and as Secretary of State for India in the first government of Ramsay MacDonald . He was the uncle of the actor Lord Olivier .
James Ramsay MacDonald , PC , FRS [ 1 ] (12 October 1866 – 9 November 1937) was a British statesman who was the first ever Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom , leading a Labour Government in 1924 , a Labour Government from 1929 to 1931 , and a National Government from 1931 to 1935 . Historians credit MacDonald, along with Keir Hardie and Arthur Henderson , as one of the three principal founders of the Labour Party . His speeches, pamphlets and books made him an important theoretician, but he played an even more important role as Leader of the Labour Party .
The Fabian Society is a British socialist organization whose purpose is to advance the principles of socialism via gradualist and reformist , rather than revolutionary, means. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] It is best known for its initial ground-breaking work beginning late in the 19th century and continuing up to World War I.
The founders of the Fabian Society are depicted in the famous stained-glass Fabian Window [ 1 ] designed by George Bernard Shaw . The window was stolen in 1978 and reappeared at Sotheby 's in 2005. It was restored to display in the Shaw Library at the London School of Economics in 2006 at a ceremony which Tony Blair , PM at the time presided over, emphasising on New Labour 's intellectual debt to the Fabians. [ 2 ]
Edith Nesbit (married name Edith Bland ; 15 August 1858 – 4 May 1924) was an English author and poet whose children's works were published under the name of E. Nesbit . She wrote or collaborated on over 60 books of fiction for children , several of which have been adapted for film and television.
A socialist society is a membership organisation that is affiliated with the Labour Party in the UK . The best-known socialist society is the Fabian Society , founded in 1884, some years before the creation of the Labour Party itself (in which the Society participated).
Emmeline Pankhurst (née Goulden ; 15 July 1858 – 14 June 1928) was a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement that helped women win the right to vote .
Leonard Sidney Woolf (25 November 1880 – 14 August 1969) was an English political theorist , author, publisher and civil servant, and husband of author Virginia Woolf .
Edward R. Pease in 1913 Edward Reynolds Pease (23 December 1857 – 5 January 1955) was an English writer and a founding member of the Fabian Society .
Graham Wallas [ 1 ] Graham Wallas portrait taken c.1920s.