Airways and Intubation. Oral intubation information. Patient. Endotracheal intubation is the placement of a tube into the trachea to maintain a patent airway in those who are unconscious or unable to maintain their airway for other reasons.
Compared to the use of pharyngeal airways (oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal), benefits of an endotracheal airway include: Protection against aspiration and gastric insufflationMore effective ventilation and oxygenationFacilitation of suctioningDelivery of anaesthetic and other drugs via the endotracheal tube (ETT) Intubation is a technique that requires training, experience and regular updating to maintain competence. Kidney. Codeine Uses, Dosage, Side Effects & Warnings - Drugs.com. Generic Name: codeine (KOE deen)Brand Names: What is codeine?
Codeine is an opioid pain medication. An opioid is sometimes called a narcotic. Codeine is used to treat mild to moderately severe pain. Penicillin. Penicillin (PCN or pen) is a group of antibiotics which include penicillin G (intravenous use), penicillin V (oral use), procaine penicillin, and benzathine penicillin (intramuscular use).
Penicillin antibiotics were among the first medications to be effective against many bacterial infections caused by staphylococci and streptococci. Penicillins are still widely used today, though many types of bacteria have developed resistance following extensive use. Hydrochlorothiazide. Hydrochlorothiazide (abbreviated HCTZ, HCT, or HZT), is a diuretic medication often used to treat high blood pressure and swelling due to fluid build up. Other uses include diabetes insipidus, renal tubular acidosis, and to decrease the risk of kidney stones in those with high calcium level in the urine. For high blood pressure it is often recommended as a first line treatment. HCTZ is taken by mouth and may be combined with other blood pressure medications as a single pill to increase the effectiveness. Potential side effects include poor kidney function, electrolyte imbalances especially low blood potassium and less commonly low blood sodium, gout, high blood sugar, and feeling faint initially upon standing up. While allergies to HCTZ are reported to occur more often in those with allergies to sulfa drugs this association is not well supported. It may be used during pregnancy but is not a first line medication in this group. Medical uses
Metformin. Amoxicillin. Amoxicillin (amox), also spelled amoxycillin, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. It is the first line treatment for middle ear infections.
It may also be used for strep throat, pneumonia, skin infections, and urinary tract infections among others. It is taken by mouth. Common side effects include nausea and rash. It may also increase the risk of yeast infections and, when used in combination with clavulanic acid, diarrhea. It should not be used in those who are allergic to penicillin. While usable in those with kidney problems, the dose may need to be decreased. Azithromycin. Azithromycin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. This includes middle ear infections, strep throat, pneumonia, traveler's diarrhea, and certain other intestinal infections.
It may also be used for a number of sexually transmitted infections including chlamydia and gonorrhea infections. Along with other medications, it may also be used for malaria. It can be taken by mouth or intravenously with doses once per day. Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and upset stomach. Omeprazole. Omeprazole, sold under the brand names Prilosec and Losec among others, is a medication used in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer disease, and Zollinger–Ellison syndrome. It is also used to prevent upper gastrointestinal bleeding in people who are at high risk. It can be taken by mouth or injected into a vein. Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, headaches, and increased intestinal gas.
Serious side effects may include Clostridium difficile colitis, an increased risk of pneumonia, an increased risk of bone fractures, and the potential of masking stomach cancer. Amlodipine. Amlodipine, sold under the brand name Norvasc among others, is a medication used to treat high blood pressure and coronary artery disease. While calcium channel blockers are not typically recommended in heart failure, amlodipine may be used if other medications are not sufficient for high blood pressure or heart related chest pain. Amlodipine is taken by mouth and has an effect for at least a day. Amlodipine was first patented in 1986 with commercial sale beginning in 1990. It is on the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, the most important medications needed in a basic health system. It is available as a generic medication. Wholesale cost in the developing world is 0.003 to 0.040 USD per day for a typical dose as of 2014. In the United States a months supply costs less than 25 USD.
Levothyroxine. This article is about levothyroxine as a pharmaceutical drug.
For its role as a hormone, see Thyroid hormone. Lisinopril. Lisinopril is a drug of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor class used primarily in treatment of high blood pressure, heart failure, and after heart attacks.
It is also used for preventing kidney and eye complications in people with diabetes. Its indications, contraindications, and side effects are as those for all ACE inhibitors. Statins. Statins are a group of medicines that can help lower the level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the blood. LDL cholesterol is often referred to as "bad cholesterol", and statins reduce the production of it inside the liver.
Why have I been offered statins? Simvastatin. Simvastatin, marketed under the trade name Zocor among others, is a lipid-lowering medication. It is used along with exercise, diet, and weight loss to decrease elevated lipid (fat) levels. It is also used to decrease the risk of heart problems in those at high risk. It is taken by mouth. Serious side effects may include muscle breakdown, liver problems, and increased blood sugar levels. Common side effects include constipation, headaches, and nausea. Hydrocodone. Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic opioid synthesized from codeine, one of the opioid alkaloids found in the opium poppy. It is a narcotic analgesic used orally for relief of moderate to severe pain, but also commonly taken in liquid form as an antitussive/cough suppressant. Hydrocodone is prescribed predominantly within the United States, with the International Narcotics Control Board reporting that 99% of the worldwide supply in 2007 was consumed in the United States.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Corticosteroids. (Also Called 'Prednisone') What are corticosteroids? Corticosteroids are man-made drugs that closely resemble cortisol, a hormone that your adrenal glands produce naturally. Corticosteroids are often referred to by the shortened term "steroids. " Corticosteroids are different from the male hormone-related steroid compounds that some athletes abuse. What are some types of steroids? Some corticosteroid medicines include cortisone, prednisone, and methylprednisolone. How are steroids given? Steroid medications are available in several forms that vary in how easily they dissolve or how long they stay in the body. Steroids might be given locally, to the precise place where a problem exists, or systemically, which means throughout the "system" or body.
Examples of local steroid treatments include joint injections, eye drops, ear drops, and skin creams. Treatment of Vascular Malformations. Vascular Malformation Treatment Seminar. 10 Cutting Edge Medical Devices Recognized For Excellence In Design. The 2009 Medical Design Excellence Awards (MDEA) were announced this week by the Medical Device and Diagnostic Industry. There were 32 award winners and every one of the winners contributed a medical device that advances their industry and provides cutting edge technology to improve patient care.
Space and time don't allow me to introduce all of these devices to you, so I randomly selected 10 just to give you a sampling of medical inventions that may be significant to you some day. Linear Accelerator (LINAC) A linear accelerator (LINAC) customizes high energy x-rays to conform to a tumor’s shape and destroy cancer cells while sparing surrounding normal tissue. Nebulisers in General Practice. About nebuliser devices. Antibiotic awareness - The NHS in England. Antibiotics are important medicines for treating bacterial infections in both humans and animals. Antibiotics are losing their effectiveness at an increasing rate. Antibiotic resistance is one of the most significant threats to patients' safety in Europe. Sulfonamide (medicine) Allergies to sulfonamide are common, hence medications containing sulfonamides are prescribed carefully.
It is important to make a distinction between sulfa drugs and other sulfur-containing drugs and additives, such as sulfates and sulfites, which are chemically unrelated to the sulfonamide group, and do not cause the same hypersensitivity reactions seen in the sulfonamides. Because sulfonamides displace bilirubin from albumin, kernicterus (brain damage due to excess bilirubin) is an important potential side effect of sulfonamide use. Scoliosis - Treatment for adults. Back pain is one of the main problems caused by scoliosis in adults, so treatment is mainly aimed at pain relief. In some cases, surgery may be carried out to improve the shape of the spine as a way of helping with back and leg pains.
This Guy Just Raised The Cost Of An HIV Drug By 5000% What is cyclophosphamide? CyclophosphamideActivation. Cancer Active - Originally published in icon Issue 1 2006 Killing Cancer With Ultrasound As readers know, we have been providing a lot of information on hypothermia and the ability of ultrasound to kill cancer cells. We see this as quite possibly one of the treatments of the future for cancer. By and large it is non-invasive, takes only a couple of days (for prostate cancer it has an 87 per cent plus 5-year survival rate compared with the norm of 56 per cent in the UK) and it can be used to treat a variety of cancers. We have presented articles on Dr John Holt in Australia, on Stepping Hill Hospital, Stockport, UK (where Consultant Urologist - Stephen Brown is undertaking the UK´s first controlled test with prostate cancer), on its use with kidney cancer and on the 61 centres around Europe using High Intensity Ultrasound (HIFU).
3D-Printed Hearts Help Surgeons Save Babies' Lives. Replicas of the human heart that are made on 3D printers could help save babies' lives, new research suggests. The heart replicas are designed to match every tiny detail of a baby's heart, so they can help surgeons plan where to cut tissue, reroute piping and patch holes in children with congenital heart defects, researchers said. The new findings were presented today (Nov. 19) at the American Heart Association meeting in Chicago.
Though just a handful of such hearts have been used so far, the replicas have already revealed hidden Swiss cheese-like holes in one child's heart, and in another case, inspired a repair strategy that dramatically extended the baby's projected life span. "From the first two cases straight out of the gate, we've had this dramatic impact," said study co-author Dr. Matthew Bramlet, a pediatric cardiologist at the University of Illinois College of Medicine and the Children's Hospital of Illinois, both in Peoria.
Tiny hearts. ‘Ambulance Drone’ Could Drastically Increase Heart Attack Survival. Nearly a million Europeans suffer from a cardiac arrest each year, and only 8% will survive. Once the heart stops beating, it takes about 4-6 minutes for the brain to die. Sadly, the average response time for ambulances is about 10 minutes. Alec Momont, a graduate student at Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), has designed a drone that provides a professional response within a single minute. Investigating Dimebon, a promising new drug for Alzheimer’s disease. Scientists Grow New Blood Vessels In Just 7 Days. Man With Severed Spinal Cord Walks Again After Cell Transplant. Complete cardiac transplant. Endotracheal intubation: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia.