If vs. Whether. Is it a condition or an alternative?
A Condition vs. an Alternative Alternative (n.) – being one or the other Polar condition – yes/no, + / – Also see Indirect Speech: Yes/No Question Clauses. Grammar in Use: Participle Clauses. Present and Past Participle Phrases Part 1. Present and Past Participle Phrases Part 2. Participle Clauses – English Grammar.
Introduction Participle clauses are shortened dependent clauses that use a present participle or a past participle.
We use participle clauses very often in written English. In this way we can include a lot of information in a sentence without making it too long or complicated. Usage We mostly use participle clauses in written language. Participle clauses can be constructed using the present participle, the past participle, and the perfect participle. Examwriting.blogspot.com.es/search/label/CAE. Tim's Free English Lesson Plans. This is a lesson plan to set up students for the review writing task in part 2 of the CAE writing paper.
To begin with go through the following conversation questions either as a class or split into small groups. Did you enjoy reading when you were growing up? Which book made the biggest impression on you when you were younger? Writing reports and reviews for CAE. Quizzes - Wordmaster. Tim's Free English Lesson Plans. Image credit: Follow me on twitter @RobbioDobbio.
45 ways to avoid using the word 'very'. Writers Write is your one-stop resource for writers.
Use these 45 ways to avoid using the word ‘very’ to improve your writing. Good writers avoid peppering their writing with qualifiers like ‘very’ and ‘really’. They are known as padding or filler words and generally add little to your writing. According to Collins Dictionary: ‘Padding is unnecessary words or information used to make a piece of writing or a speech longer. Synonyms include: waffle, hot air, verbiage, wordiness.’ Adding modifiers, qualifiers, and unnecessary adverbs and adjectives, weakens your writing. Random Idea English: Confusing verbs - consist, include, make up, comprise and constitute etc. We can use several verbs to talk about the parts that form or make up something (the whole).
Some can be a little confusing, and with one, not everybody agrees on all its uses. Read a bit about them and do a short exercise. (Hat-tip to Peter Harvey at Lavengro, whose post gave me the idea - see links). Talking about the parts of something or how it is formed. Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) - about the exam. 25 Superb Optical Illusions For Kids. An optical illusion (also called a visual illusion) is characterized by visually perceived images that differ from objective reality.
The information gathered by the eye is processed in the brain to give a perception that does not tally with a physical measurement of the stimulus source. There are three main types: literal optical illusions that create images that are different from the objects that make them, physiological ones that are the effects on the eyes and brain of excessive stimulation of a specific type (brightness, color, size, position, tilt, movement), and cognitive illusions, the result of unconscious inferences. Source Wikipedia. These optical illusions for kids help them in increasing concentration power and sharpen their focus. Though these optical illusions are for kids, we are sure that adults will enjoy them, as well. Advertisement Pink Dots If your eyes follow the movement of the rotating pink dot, the dots will remain only one color, pink. CAE Writing Practice test - task 2 - Write a letter to a newspaper, outlining ways that students can look after their money.
CAE Writing Practice test - task 2 - write a review of a college. CAE Writing Practice test - task 2 - write a letter of application. CAE Writing Practice test - task 2 - write a brochure giving information about your town. CAE Writing Practice test - task 1 - an email asking for more information. CAE Reading Test part 4. Free Practice for the First Certificate exam. This page will let you practise for the Certificate in Advanced English exam (from Cambridge ESOL).
This is the format of the 4th part of the reading section. This is a Multiple matching exercise. The questions focus on specific information, detail, opinion and attitude. AHoward Bloom, Author: Even though most people are convinced that peak oil has already passed, to me, peak oil is just a hypothesis. BMichael Lardelli, Lecturer in Genetics at The University of Adelaide Nothing exists on this planet without energy.
CJeroen van der Veer, chief executive of Royal Dutch Shell People are understandably worried about a future of growing energy shortages, rising prices and international conflict for supplies. DCraig Severance, blogger What will it take to end our oil addiction? CAE Reading Part 3: free practice test. The Sahara Film Festival After a bumpy 225km drive from a meagre airstrip in Tindouf, south western Algeria, a sprawling single-story town begins to emerge from the desert’s dust.
As the sun climbs in the cloudless sky, visitors are rewarded with their first glimpse of Dakhla refugee camp. It isn’t the most obvious setting for a film festival, but for seven years, just before the glitz and glamour of Cannes, the Sahrawi people of Dakhla have hosted actors and film-makers from around the world for this six-day event. This year, for the first time, direct flights were laid on from London, giving the opportunity for overseas visitors to play a part in this extraordinary occasion. But despite the energy and excitement, the background to the film festival is a serious one, as the Sahrawi people have been living for thirty years in this isolated desert outpost, having been forced to flee their native Western Sahara.
CAE Reading Test part 2. Free Practice for the Cambridge English Advanced exam. This page will let you practise for the Certificate in Advanced English exam (from Cambridge ESOL).
This is the format of the second part of the reading section. Paragraphs A Russell and his wife had lived for several years in the picturesque village of Lymm where the crumbling 130-year old tower stood. The grade II listed building was one of several hundred surviving water towers which were built in the 1800s to improve public health across Britain. This particular tower was currently being used by three mobile phone companies to anchor their telephone masts. B But finally it all paid off. C Work finally began when planning permission was granted in 2002. D Over 60 companies were involved in the construction, and Russell gave up work to act as project manager. E Russell and Jannette had just finished renovating a 1920s farmhouse nearby.
G Fate, however, had other ideas. CAE Reading Part 1: themed texts - free practice test. Difficulty level: C1 / advanced In this part, there are three themed texts followed by two 4-option multiple-choice questions on each text. Extract from a brochure Iford Manor Festival Season Iford Manor has been described as one of the most stunning concert venues in the West Country. Throughout high summer, Iford Arts stages an internationally renowned festival in a breathtakingly beautiful pastoral setting.
Iford Arts, a registered charity promoting the appreciation of performing arts in the west of England, aims to benefit the local community by engaging young professional artists and stimulating young people’s enjoyment of being involved in live performances. CAE Use of English Part 1 - free online practice test. Difficulty level: C1 / advanced This activity helps with part 1 of the Use of English paper. You should complete this activity in 15 minutes. Legal fight hits music pirates The global recording industry has launched its largest wave of legal against people suspected of music files on the internet. 2,100 alleged uploaders peer-to-peer (P2P) networks in 16 nations the UK, France, Germany and Italy.