The sad truth about APA’s ethical lapse is finally out. July 17.
Report criticizes how psychology association worked with the Pentagon, post-9/11. The American Psychological Association on Friday released an independent review of its findings that the association abandoned many of its ethical principles when it advised the Bush administration on interrogation techniques in the wake of Sept. 11.
The report (discussed in detail in this article in The New York Times) found that the association seemed to want to please the Pentagon rather than stick up for ethical standards, and that the activities of key leaders of the association buttressed the argument for using interrogation techniques many consider to be torture. In some cases, administration officials were nervous about some techniques but moved ahead after assurances from APA leaders.
Lessons must be learned after psychology torture inquiry. In 1917, when the field of psychology was young and struggling to gain acceptance in science, the American Psychological Association (APA) needed a friend.
Like many at the time, it decided to assist the war effort by working with the US military. The collaboration was largely benign: efforts to assess which recruits were fit to be soldiers led to the first formal study of variation in human intelligence. Later, psychologists studied the effects of war on soldiers returning home, fuelling the case for making the First World War “the war to end all wars”. That was not to be, but psychology, and the APA in particular, continued its close bond with military and intelligence agencies. The relationship is not inherently problematic: indeed, the US Department of Defense (DOD) spends tens of millions of dollars each year on research into post-traumatic stress disorder and other psychological and psychiatric complications of war.
Coalition for an Ethical Psychology. Lessons must be learned after psychology torture inquiry. APA Fails to Sanction Psychologist in GTMO Torture Case. Timeline of American Psychological Association Policies and Actions Related to Detainee Welfare and Professional Ethics in the Context of Interrogation and National Security. Independent Review Cites Collusion Among APA Individuals and Defense Department Officials in Policy on Interrogation Techniques. APA Apologizes for “Deeply Disturbing” Findings and Organizational Failures; Announces Initial Policy and Procedural Actions to Correct Shortcomings.
Coalition for an Ethical Psychology. Coalition for an Ethical Psychology. Report of the Independent Reviewer and Related Materials. The APA Board of Directors engaged attorney David Hoffman of the law firm Sidley Austin in November 2014 to conduct an independent review of whether there was any factual support for the assertion that APA engaged in activity that would constitute collusion with the Bush administration to promote, support or facilitate the use of "enhanced" interrogation techniques by the United States in the war on terror.
Following is a link to the complete, unedited independent review. Press Release and Recommended Actions Independent Review Report & Supplemental Materials Report of the independent reviewer (PDF, 2.62MB) Index of Exhibits to the APA Independent Review Report (PDF, 171KB) Binder 1 (PDF, 104MB) Binder 2 (PDF, 164MB) Binder 3 (PDF, 93MB) Binder 4 (PDF, 212MB) Binder 5 (PDF, 85MB) Binder 6 (PDF, 70MB) The following comment section is provided to allow for an online conversation regarding the Final Independent Report and we ask that you provide helpful suggestions. Independent Review Cites Collusion Among APA Individuals and Defense Department Officials in Policy on Interrogation Techniques. APA overhauling policies and leadership after torture report.
After years of denying that it had given scientific and ethical legitimacy to torture by the U.S. government, the American Psychological Association (APA) last week accepted the finding of an external investigation that concluded it had done just that.
Now, with a public apology and sudden wave of high-level resignations or retirements, APA is struggling to craft an institutional response that will satisfy its members and long-time detractors, even as some of those pilloried in the probe defend themselves and their colleagues. “This is a crisis,” says Nadine Kaslow, a psychologist at Emory University in Atlanta and a former APA president, who helped launch the investigation. “I regret that the organization didn’t listen to the critics earlier.” The 542-page report from a former Chicago inspector general, David Hoffman, pulls no punches, concluding that APA officials colluded with the U.S. government to enable the torture of detainees.
That sentiment may not save Koocher from sanctions. Ethics & American Psychological Association. Kenneth S.
Pope Valerie A. Vetter ABSTRACT: A random sample of 1,319 members of the American Psychological Association (APA) were asked to describe incidents that they found ethically challenging or troubling. Responses from 679 psychologists described 703 incidents in 23 categories. The History of Psychology. Functionalism Functionalism, an early school of psychology, focuses on the acts and functions of the mind rather than its internal contents.
Its most prominent American advocates are William James and John Dewey, whose 1896 article "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology" promotes functionalism. Psychoanalysis The founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud, introduces the term in a scholarly paper. Freud's psychoanalytic approach asserts that people are motivated by powerful, unconscious drives and conflicts. He develops an influential therapy based on this assertion, using free association and dream analysis. Structuralism Edward B. American Psychological Association Bolstered C.I.A. Torture Program, Report Says.