Malaria: Kenya, Ghana and Malawi get first vaccine. Image copyright D Poland/PATH The world's first vaccine against malaria will be introduced in three countries - Ghana, Kenya and Malawi - starting in 2018.
The RTS,S vaccine trains the immune system to attack the malaria parasite, which is spread by mosquito bites. The World Health Organization (WHO) said the jab had the potential to save tens of thousands of lives. But it is not yet clear if it will be feasible to use in the poorest parts of the world. The vaccine needs to be given four times - once a month for three months and then a fourth dose 18 months later. This has been achieved in tightly controlled and well-funded clinical trials, but it is not yet clear if it can be done in the "real-world" where access to health care is limited.
It is why the WHO is running pilots in three countries to see if a full malaria vaccine programme could be started. Dr Matshidiso Moeti, the WHO regional director for Africa, said: "The prospect of a malaria vaccine is great news. 30 million people in Africa suffer from depression - new Business Ethiopia (nBE) The World Health Organization (WHO) says currently 30 million people in Africa are suffering from depression.
This is indicated by Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa. She made the comment in her message released to mark the World Health Day – 7 April 2017. “About 322 million people around the world are affected by depression. It is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and a major contributor to the overall global burden of disease. In the African Region, close to 30 million people suffer from depression,” she said. This year, the theme of the World Health day is “Depression, let’s talk” to draw attention to the global burden of this common mental disorder. Yes, poor oral hygiene has a huge impact on Africa, this is how… — Business — Breaking News, Nigeria News and World News – The Guardian Nigeria. Regrettably, access to oral health solutions and education is low.
The majority of Africa’s population has little or no access to proper oral health care, with the few dentists available based in the cities. In Africa, poor oral hygiene is the leading cause of school absenteeism, with children who experience dental pain missing school and performing poorly academically.1 Similarly, untreated oral diseases can cause severe pain and infection, leading to poor productivity and absenteeism among adults in the workplace.2 Despite significant achievements in the state of oral health globally, why is Africa burdened with such persistent oral care issues? Regrettably, access to oral health solutions and education is low. The majority of Africa’s population has little or no access to proper oral health care, with the few dentists available based in the cities. African states develop harmonized disease surveillance. Dramatic evolution within human genome may have been caused by malaria parasite. A genetic mutation that protects people from a common form of malaria spread like wildfire in sub-Saharan Africa about 42,000 years ago, according to a new study.
Today, it’s nearly impossible to find somebody from this region who doesn’t have it. That makes the mutation one of the swiftest, strongest changes to the human genome yet seen—though it remains a mystery why this particular disease sparked such a dramatic evolutionary response. The world’s most widespread type of human malaria is caused by Plasmodium vivax, a single-celled parasite transmitted by mosquitoes. Although less deadly than other strains, P. vivax malaria remains a disruptive disease: It infected some 16 million people across the globe in 2013. Yet across much of sub-Saharan Africa, P. vivax accounts for fewer than 5% of all reported malaria cases. Cornejo estimates that on average during that 8000-year period, for every 100 people born without the mutation, an additional 105 would have been born with it.
In Africa, Scientists Are Preparing to Use Gene Drives to End Malaria - MIT Technology Review. In Burkina Faso, Mali, and Uganda, the groundwork is being laid for a powerful kind of experiment.
A project now under way aims to release mosquitoes that have been genetically programmed to drive themselves and their malaria-causing brethren toward extinction. As we wrote last year, the program, called Target Malaria, is meant to use a gene drive to drastically reduce the number of mosquitoes that transmit the disease in sub-Saharan Africa, where it kills hundreds of thousands of people a year. Not long ago this was merely theoretical, but modified mosquitoes with gene drives on board are already being bred and tested in labs. It's time to confront Africa’s invisible killer. Africa Telemedicine Outlook and Opportunities Report 2017: e-health Scenario and Future Government Plans for Development of e-Health Space - Research and Markets. DUBLIN, Mar 02, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Africa Telemedicine Outlook and Opportunities" report to their offering.
The report titled "Africa Telemedicine Outlook and Opportunities" provides a comprehensive analysis of e-Health scenario in Africa covering market challenges and success case studies by countries and at multinational levels. The report discusses about the current health scenario of different countries such as South Africa, Kenya, Ghana, Nigeria, Uganda, Botswana, Cameroon and Ethiopia. The report also provides current e-health scenario and future government plans for development of e-Health space in all countries. The report also includes trends & developments, growth drivers and major restraints, and challenges within the industry to understand current market dynamics in the industry. New program aims to build genetics research capacity in Africa. February 24, 2017—A new collaboration between researchers at Harvard T.H.
Chan School of Public Health, the Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, and six African universities and institutes aims to boost genetics research capacity in Africa, and ultimately to help close gaps in knowledge about mental health in a population historically excluded from genetics research. The GINGER (Global Initiative for Neuropsychiatric Genetics Education in Research) program has recruited 17 young African scientists who, over the course of two years starting this July, will attend workshops in Boston and London on topics including epidemiology, bioinformatics, genetics, and grant writing. In between, they will return to their home universities, where they’ll receive virtual mentoring and onsite research skills training. The trainees will ultimately become trainers themselves, and share what they’ve learned with their colleagues. —Amy Roeder. Africa Telemedicine Outlook and Opportunities Report 2017: e-health Scenario and Future Government Plans for Development of e-Health Space - Research and Markets.
Pan-African public health body launched to avert crises. The Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) was officially launched last week at a summit of the African Union, whose membership includes every nation on the continent.
African leaders formally endorsed the idea of an African CDC last year. With the memory of the 2014-16 Ebola crisis – which quickly proliferated and left more than 11,000 people dead – still fresh, they urged for its establishment to be fast tracked. Backed by a portion of the AU’s budget contributed by its members, the Africa CDC will work to prevent another crisis like Ebola, for which African nations and the world were sorely underprepared. It will support AU member states in preventing, detecting and responding to public health threats by improving areas such as monitoring, early warning systems and response capacity. After making substantial gains on immunisation, in recent years the continent’s progress has stalled and it is falling behind on meeting global immunisation targets.
First drug-resistant malaria parasite detected in Africa. MIAMI – For the first time in Africa, a malaria parasite has been found to be partially resistant to the top anti-malaria drug, artemisinin, researchers said Wednesday, raising concern about efforts to fight a disease that sickens hundreds of millions of people each year.
The discovery means that Africa now joins Southeast Asia in hosting such drug-resistant forms of the mosquito-borne disease. Malaria infected more than 200 million people and killed some 438,000 people worldwide in 2015, most of them children in Africa. “The spread of artemisinin resistance in Africa would be a major setback in the fight against malaria, as ACT (artemisinin-based combination therapy) is the only effective and widely used antimalarial treatment at the moment,” said lead author Arnab Pain, professor at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. “Therefore, it is very important to regularly monitor artemisinin resistance worldwide.” The study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Diagnosing Africa’s medical brain drain. Dressed in full medical gear and clutching a folder, Folu Songonuga, a physiotherapist, walked briskly across the lobby in the offices of Activa Rehabilitation Services in Orange, New Jersey, United States.
An elderly man, evidently in pain, had just been wheeled into an inner room, and Dr. Songonuga was on his way to tend to the patient. “I see up to 20 patients a day,” Dr. Songonuga, a Nigerian by birth but now a naturalized American, told Africa Renewal. Together with his compatriot Olufemi Dosumu he owns the rehabilitation business, established in 1996, and they plan to expand to other states. Dr. With the incentive of higher pay and modern facilities, Africa’s top doctors, like Dr. “I left Nigeria because I wanted to earn more money, learn new things and to practise in a better environment,” he said. On average, surgeons in New Jersey earn $216,000 annually, while their counterparts in Zambia make $24,000. New Genetic Chip A Step Toward Diversity In African Genome Sequencing. DNA sequence. Image: Shutterstock/futureoflife.org Africa is uncharted territory when it comes to sequencing genomes and studying genetic causes for diseases that affect Africans disproportionately, but a new genetic chip is a step forward for medicine on the continent, Quartz reported.
The genetic chip project has been an Africa-led effort from the start, said Nicola Mulder, a bio-informatician at the University of Cape Town in South Africa who led the work. However, parts of the project have been conducted in the U.S. and Europe because African countries don’t yet have the equipment to sequence entire human genomes fast, Quartz reported. Some of the work was done at Baylor College of Medicine in the U.S. “This will be the first chip that has been created to specifically target genetic variation in African populations and people of African descent,” Mulder said, according to Quartz. Hope for Africans as the Medicines Patent Pool Announces First Licence for Tuberculosis Treatment.
The Medicines Patent Pool has announced signing a licence with Johns Hopkins University to facilitate the clinical development of tuberculosis (TB) drug candidate sutezolid. Long considered a promising investigational treatment, its further development in combination with other drugs, could offer hope to millions of African suffering from TB particularly those that are both drug-sensitive and or with drug-resistant TB. “We are proud to work with Johns Hopkins University to encourage the further development of sutezolid, a potentially important component of new TB regimens,” said Greg Perry, MPP’s Executive Director. “Faster acting, better therapies to treat TB are a particularly urgent global public health priority.
With the exception of two new drugs that have come to market recently, the dearth of new alternatives to decades-old TB drugs contributes to our limited response to the epidemic.” The MPP was founded and remains fully funded by UNITAID. African leaders hailed as countries make gains against malaria. January 30, 2017 Eight countries recognised for efforts to reduce malaria incidence and deaths ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (30 January 2017) – At a time of historic progress toward a malaria-free Africa, the African Leaders Malaria Alliance (ALMA) honoured eight African countries that have shown commitment and innovation in the fight against the disease. Today at the 28th African Union Summit, the 2017 ALMA Awards for Excellence were awarded to: • Botswana, Cabo Verde, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Swaziland and Uganda, for their impact on malaria incidence and mortality; and.
Study shows anemia may protect children against malaria in Africa. CHAPEL HILL, N.C., Jan. 5 (UPI) -- Researchers at the University of North Carolina have found that anemia may protect against malaria in a new study of African children. A study by UNC Chapel Hill in collaboration with the Medical Research Unit in The Gambia and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, found that iron supplements used to treat anemia may have detrimental effects on children with little access to healthcare in malaria-endemic countries such as those in Africa. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common form of nutritional deficiency in the world and can cause long-term adverse health problems in children. The UNC study shows that iron deficiency anemia may actually protect children against the blood-stage of Plasmodium falciparum malaria and treating anemia with iron supplements removes this protection. African trees kill both malaria mosquitos and the parasite.
Malaria is one of the world's most serious infectious diseases and affects more than 200 million people each year. Scientists at the University of Oslo have examined the bark from two African trees and found substances that can kill both the mosquitoes that transmit malaria, and the parasite itself. Afrique : 113 millions de médicaments contrefaits saisis. 900 millions de saisies en 4 ans. Mortality rates due to Hypertension and Diabetes on the rise in Africa. Africa has highest rate of high blood pressure, WHO says. Africa: Zika Virus Incidences Reach 15.6 Per Cent. Africa: More Women in Africa Using Family Planning. HIV 'game-changer' now on NHS. Image copyright SPL A drug that dramatically reduces the risk of being infected with HIV will now be given to patients by the NHS in England.
The Comoros on the verge of completely eradicating malaria. The Comoros is on the verge of eradicating the malaria epidemic across the entire archipelago. Thanks to two successive campaigns launched in 2005 and 2010 on the three islands, the number of malaria cases has dropped from 54,078 in 2004 to 1,052 in 2015, a fall that is well over 98%. And since 2014, the hospital mortality rate due to malaria is dropped to nearly 0%. Dr Afane, coordinator of the malaria control program in Comoros said: “Our goal is to break the chain of transmission. African Targets to End AIDS, TB and Malaria by 2030. Monthly cost of providing key drugs could be $1-2 per person, experts say - Health. Essential medicines could be provided for as little as $1-$2 US a month per person in developing countries, experts said on Monday as they called on governments to boost efforts to ensure everyone can access basic healthcare. Although global spending on medicines is about eight times this amount, one in five countries spends less than $1 per month per person, according to the first analysis of the cost of providing key drugs by The Lancet Commission on Essential Medicines.
The commission, comprising 21 international experts, said lack of access to affordable, quality medicines was threatening progress towards universal health coverage, one of the targets under the new global development goals adopted by world leaders at a U.N. summit last year. Health & WASH in sub-Saharan east Africa; Key challenges & health threats - Communicable diseases. Titled. 17 November 2016 – Having secured the funds for the initial phase of the deployment of the world’s first malaria vaccine, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced today it will be rolled out in sub-Saharan Africa and immunization campaigns will begin in 2018. 18.2m Africans will be diabetic by 2030 - WHO. Africa: Agreement for Pharmaceutical Development in Africa Inked.
Why Africa’s health goals matter. Global Fund pledges $12.9bn to fight Malaria, AIDS & TB. Private Spending on Healthcare [2013 Data] by Country. Donors set aside $24b for African health. Africa’s real crisis is heart disease. Supercomputing Genetic Medicine in Africa. Computers vs Ebola: Scientists use big data to predict future disease hotspots. Machine learning reveals undiscovered Ebola-carrying bats. Instant HIV, hepatitis diagnostic machine boost testing in Africa. Improved healthcare delivery models across Africa transform industry, says Frost and Sullivan - Cape Business News.
The Growth of Cosmetic Surgery in Africa - Face2face Africa. In the lab: Six innovations scientists hope will end malaria. 'Virtual doctors' helping patients in Zambia. Africa will be Short Six Million Healthcare Workers by 2030, But it Can Still Achieve its Commitment of Universal Health Care if it Takes Action Now. Six pays africains pourraient éradiquer le paludisme d'ici 2020. Africa: Fast Food, Flashy Cars and Shopping Malls - Africa Hurtles Into Obesity Crisis. Africa: Novartis Expands Partnership with Medicines for Malaria Venture to Develop Next-Generation Antimalarial Treatment.
Santé : cliniques privées et hôpitaux publics s'allient en Afrique. Australian scientists say a breath test could diagnose malaria. Cancer is on the rise in Africa just as some of the few radiotherapy centers fall apart — Quartz. Africa: More Africans Are Accessing Health Care - but States Still Have Work to Do. Africa: New Partnership in Cancer Fight Launched. Rising Life Expectancy in Africa: What Does It Mean? - Face2face Africa. 14% of Africans pay bribe for health care - Survey. Africa: Digital Healthcare Revolution beckons. Forbes Welcome. Africa: Diabetes - Changing Lifestyles Affect Health in Africa. Africa’s real crisis is heart disease. Africa: Plea for Treaty On Drug Research. Africa: Why a New Vaginal Ring Could Be a Game-Changer in HIV Prevention.
#MCIA 16: How a vaccine is improving the African child's health. Study Detects Gut Microbiome Differences in African Agriculturist, Hunter-Gatherer Populations. Africa: Watch Out for Child Obesity - Africa's Children Aren't Just Hungry. New Malaria Test, illumigene® Malaria, Sets a New Gold Standard for Diagnosis Nasdaq:VIVO. Africa: Stillbirths Down By Quarter Since 2000. Africa: Ebola, Malaria Vaccines - HIV Treatments Expected in 2016. Pour mieux vous soigner en Afrique, allez prioritairement en Egypte et en Afrique du Sud. All in Africa: The World’s 13 Highest-Mortality Countries.
Experts strive to jointly regulate medicines in Africa. Africa faces up to obesity epidemic. Africa: HIV Drugs for Babies Slashes Breastfeeding Risk. Africa: Innovative pro-poor healthcare delivery models making strides in Africa : The case of the Healthy Heart Africa Programme. Tanzania: African Scientists Develop Methods to Avert Outbreaks. East Africa: Researchers Burn the Midnight Oil to Develop HIV Vaccine. Africa: Cancer Soars in Global South. Ethiopia has cracked the problem of rural health, but its workers feel stuck. Genes that protect African children from developing malaria identified. HIV/AIDS infections dropping in Africa. 'AIDS is now the biggest killer of African teens' - The Network of Forward Moving People.
Africa: Breakthrough Brings Cost of HIV Treatment to Under $100 Per Patient Per Year. Fastcoexist. Africans need to make their mark in the pharmaceutical industry boom. Africa: Deadly Meningitis Strain Virtually Eliminated in Much of Africa - Study - allAfrica.com. Africa: How Drones Can Improve Healthcare Delivery in Developing Countries - allAfrica.com.
Trends shaping pharma industry in Africa. Africa highlighted as a market with high potential for pharma industry … 10 Impressive, World-Class African Hospitals. Malaria cases in Africa are soaring. Here’s the surprising reason why. Socking it to malaria just the start for Africa's new science alliance. Top 10 healthcare apps for Africa. Mosquito-hunting spiders could help fight deadly malaria - SciDev.Net Sub-Saharan Africa. High-dose vitamin D could help fight HIV/AIDS - SciDev.Net Sub-Saharan Africa. L’anneau vaginal capable de protéger du HIV, c’est pour bientôt. A Milestone in Africa: No Polio Cases in a Year. Africa agency to offer insurance against Ebola. Schizophrénie : un nouveau traitement venu d'Afrique. Healing plants inspire new compounds for psychiatric drugs.
Creating a contact lens that suits the African eye. Africa is within reach of being declared a polio free region.