Diagnosing Africa’s medical brain drain. Dressed in full medical gear and clutching a folder, Folu Songonuga, a physiotherapist, walked briskly across the lobby in the offices of Activa Rehabilitation Services in Orange, New Jersey, United States.
An elderly man, evidently in pain, had just been wheeled into an inner room, and Dr. Songonuga was on his way to tend to the patient. “I see up to 20 patients a day,” Dr. Songonuga, a Nigerian by birth but now a naturalized American, told Africa Renewal. Together with his compatriot Olufemi Dosumu he owns the rehabilitation business, established in 1996, and they plan to expand to other states. Dr. With the incentive of higher pay and modern facilities, Africa’s top doctors, like Dr. “I left Nigeria because I wanted to earn more money, learn new things and to practise in a better environment,” he said. On average, surgeons in New Jersey earn $216,000 annually, while their counterparts in Zambia make $24,000. New Genetic Chip A Step Toward Diversity In African Genome Sequencing.
Image: Shutterstock/futureoflife.org Africa is uncharted territory when it comes to sequencing genomes and studying genetic causes for diseases that affect Africans disproportionately, but a new genetic chip is a step forward for medicine on the continent, Quartz reported. The genetic chip project has been an Africa-led effort from the start, said Nicola Mulder, a bio-informatician at the University of Cape Town in South Africa who led the work. However, parts of the project have been conducted in the U.S. and Europe because African countries don’t yet have the equipment to sequence entire human genomes fast, Quartz reported.
Some of the work was done at Baylor College of Medicine in the U.S. “This will be the first chip that has been created to specifically target genetic variation in African populations and people of African descent,” Mulder said, according to Quartz. But Africans and African descendants including African Americans were left behind. Hope for Africans as the Medicines Patent Pool Announces First Licence for Tuberculosis Treatment. The Medicines Patent Pool has announced signing a licence with Johns Hopkins University to facilitate the clinical development of tuberculosis (TB) drug candidate sutezolid.
Long considered a promising investigational treatment, its further development in combination with other drugs, could offer hope to millions of African suffering from TB particularly those that are both drug-sensitive and or with drug-resistant TB. “We are proud to work with Johns Hopkins University to encourage the further development of sutezolid, a potentially important component of new TB regimens,” said Greg Perry, MPP’s Executive Director. “Faster acting, better therapies to treat TB are a particularly urgent global public health priority. With the exception of two new drugs that have come to market recently, the dearth of new alternatives to decades-old TB drugs contributes to our limited response to the epidemic.”
The MPP was founded and remains fully funded by UNITAID. African leaders hailed as countries make gains against malaria. January 30, 2017 Eight countries recognised for efforts to reduce malaria incidence and deaths ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (30 January 2017) – At a time of historic progress toward a malaria-free Africa, the African Leaders Malaria Alliance (ALMA) honoured eight African countries that have shown commitment and innovation in the fight against the disease.
Today at the 28th African Union Summit, the 2017 ALMA Awards for Excellence were awarded to: • Botswana, Cabo Verde, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Swaziland and Uganda, for their impact on malaria incidence and mortality; and. Study shows anemia may protect children against malaria in Africa. CHAPEL HILL, N.C., Jan. 5 (UPI) -- Researchers at the University of North Carolina have found that anemia may protect against malaria in a new study of African children.
A study by UNC Chapel Hill in collaboration with the Medical Research Unit in The Gambia and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, found that iron supplements used to treat anemia may have detrimental effects on children with little access to healthcare in malaria-endemic countries such as those in Africa. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common form of nutritional deficiency in the world and can cause long-term adverse health problems in children. The UNC study shows that iron deficiency anemia may actually protect children against the blood-stage of Plasmodium falciparum malaria and treating anemia with iron supplements removes this protection. African trees kill both malaria mosquitos and the parasite. Malaria is one of the world's most serious infectious diseases and affects more than 200 million people each year.
Scientists at the University of Oslo have examined the bark from two African trees and found substances that can kill both the mosquitoes that transmit malaria, and the parasite itself. Traditional healers in West Africa have for many years used extracts from the bark of two trees in the citrus family (Rutaceae) to treat malaria, which is a widespread disease in the region and kills hundreds of thousands of people worldwide every year. Afrique : 113 millions de médicaments contrefaits saisis. 900 millions de saisies en 4 ans.
L'opération ACIM met au jour le trafic juteux de faux médicaments. Ils tueraient chaque année 700 000 personnes. Mortality rates due to Hypertension and Diabetes on the rise in Africa. Africa has highest rate of high blood pressure, WHO says. Image copyright EPA Africa has the highest rate of high blood pressure in the world, affecting about 46% of adults, a World Health Organization (WHO) study has found.
It blamed increasing urbanisation and unhealthy lifestyles for the rise in cases. The global average for the number of people suffering from the condition was about 40%, the WHO said. High blood pressure was often detected too late and was a silent killer, it added. If lifestyles do not change, more people in Africa could die from chronic illnesses, including diabetes and cancer, than infectious disease by 2030, the WHO said. Africa: Zika Virus Incidences Reach 15.6 Per Cent. By Maureen Odunga National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR)'s just released study findings show that 15.6 per cent of the 533 people whose blood samples were tested have Zika virus.
Presenting the institute's achievements over the year, NIMR Director General, Dr Mwele Malecela, said in Dar es Salaam the study also discovered that out of 80 toddlers born with physical disabilities, 43.8 per cent were traced with the virus. NIMR conducted the study in partnership with Bugando Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences, she said. Africa: More Women in Africa Using Family Planning. By Evelyn Lirri The number of women and girls using modern contraception methods has grown by 5.3 million or 22 per cent in East and Southern Africa since the Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) initiative was launched in 2012.
According to a mid-term review report, Family Planning 2020 (FP2020), Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Uganda and Zambia registered some of the highest numbers of women and girls who are using modern family planning methods. In Kenya, an additional 1.15 million new users have been added since 2012 while Uganda has registered an additional 844,000 new users. Ethiopia registered an additional 1.5 million new users while in Zambia that figure grew by 524,000 women and girls. In countries covered by the FP2020 initiative, up to 30.2 million more women and girls have been accessing modern family planning methods in the past four years, according to the report.
According to the report, the midpoint target is short by up to 19.2 million new users. HIV 'game-changer' now on NHS. Image copyright SPL A drug that dramatically reduces the risk of being infected with HIV will now be given to patients by the NHS in England. The health service lost a court battle in the summer after arguing responsibility for paying for it should fall to local authorities not the NHS.
Now at least 10,000 people will be given the "Prep" drug in a three-year-long clinical trial. NHS England says this will help them understand how to offer it more widely. The Comoros on the verge of completely eradicating malaria. The Comoros is on the verge of eradicating the malaria epidemic across the entire archipelago. Thanks to two successive campaigns launched in 2005 and 2010 on the three islands, the number of malaria cases has dropped from 54,078 in 2004 to 1,052 in 2015, a fall that is well over 98%.
And since 2014, the hospital mortality rate due to malaria is dropped to nearly 0%. Dr Afane, coordinator of the malaria control program in Comoros said: “Our goal is to break the chain of transmission. Now we have been able to break it in Anjouan, there haven’t been any cases since 2014, same as Moheli. It’s only now in Ngazidja where we have some few cases, and where we want to strengthen surveillance like in the other two islands. African Targets to End AIDS, TB and Malaria by 2030. Johannesburg, November 2016- Strengthening and strategic refocusing of Africa’s partnerships to respond effectively to continental priorities for sustainable development is a critical priority for the African Union. Ensuring that Africa has the right strategies to finance its own development and reducing aid dependency are centerpieces in driving structural transformation.
Gripped with these important questions not the least in driving its health agenda the continent is strengthening the coordination of partnerships towards implementation of harmonised policy frameworks. In alignment with Agenda 2063 and the Global Agenda 2030, the African Union revised its health strategy and further defined a clear strategic direction to end AIDS, TB and Malaria as public health threats by 2030. With bold and ambitious targets, the Catalytic Framework seeks to eliminate malaria incidence and mortality, prevent its transmission and re-establishment in all countries by 2030.
Monthly cost of providing key drugs could be $1-2 per person, experts say - Health. Essential medicines could be provided for as little as $1-$2 US a month per person in developing countries, experts said on Monday as they called on governments to boost efforts to ensure everyone can access basic healthcare. Although global spending on medicines is about eight times this amount, one in five countries spends less than $1 per month per person, according to the first analysis of the cost of providing key drugs by The Lancet Commission on Essential Medicines. The commission, comprising 21 international experts, said lack of access to affordable, quality medicines was threatening progress towards universal health coverage, one of the targets under the new global development goals adopted by world leaders at a U.N. summit last year.
How an essential medicines list could benefit Canadians The list of essential medicines contains 201 drugs needed for a basic healthcare system and includes HIV, malaria and cancer drugs, vaccines and contraceptives. Health & WASH in sub-Saharan east Africa; Key challenges & health threats - Communicable diseases. Infographic: Communicable Diseases in sub-Saharan East Africa The recent AIDF infographic provides a snapshot of the current health situation in sub-Saharan East Africa. Communicable diseases remain a major public health challenge in the African region, causing a significant burden of illness, disability and mortality. Contributing to the problem is the frequent occurrence of epidemic outbreaks driven by multiple factors, including: weak public health systems, natural disasters or civil unrest leading to displacement of populations and overcrowding, and poor environmental conditions favouring disease transmission.
The infographic was created in time for the 2nd annual Aid & Development Africa Summit. To download the infographic, click here. HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis. Titled. 17 November 2016 – Having secured the funds for the initial phase of the deployment of the world’s first malaria vaccine, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced today it will be rolled out in sub-Saharan Africa and immunization campaigns will begin in 2018. “The pilot deployment of this first-generation vaccine marks a milestone in the fight against malaria,” stated Dr. Pedro Alonso, Director of the WHO Global Malaria Programme, adding that these pilot projects will provide valuable evidence from real-life settings to make informed decisions on whether to deploy the vaccine on a wide scale.
The vaccine, known as RTS,S, acts globally against the most deadly malaria parasite P. falciparum, very common in Africa. Based on the results from clinical trials, the new vaccine will provide partial protection against malaria in young children. Standing water is a potential breeding ground for mosquitoes that carry the malaria parasite. 18.2m Africans will be diabetic by 2030 - WHO. Africa: Agreement for Pharmaceutical Development in Africa Inked. Constantine — An agreement for the pharmaceutical development between Algeria and several Maghreb and African countries was signed Saturday in Constantine (431 km east of Algiers), on the last day of the 1st International pharmacy, parapharmacy, health and well-being show (SAIDALYA).
This cooperation agreement signed between the pharmaceutical operators of Algeria, Tunisia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso and Senegal aims mainly at "developing throughout Africa all the activities relating to the pharmaceutical field at the training, information and commercial levels," said the event's organizer Yacine Fersado. This "cooperation" network, expected to "significantly" expand, will allow the African countries to "boost" their pharmaceutical industries considered today as "a financial windfall of a major importance," according to Fersado, insisting on the urgent need to "coordinate" all the actions to achieve the development objectives outlined for this purpose. Why Africa’s health goals matter. Global Fund pledges $12.9bn to fight Malaria, AIDS & TB.
Private Spending on Healthcare [2013 Data] by Country. Donors set aside $24b for African health. Africa’s real crisis is heart disease. In 2015, the United States spent $7.5 billion, more than three-quarters of its global health budget, to fight Aids, tuberculosis and malaria. These, after all, are the “big three” infectious diseases, and they’ve ravaged developing-world populations. Aids has killed more than 25 million people worldwide since 2000; in 2015, there were 214 million cases of malaria and almost 10 million tuberculosis diagnoses.
But thanks to an unlikely coalition — including George W. Bush, Bill Gates and Bono — the tide is turning. Supercomputing Genetic Medicine in Africa. The National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is helping change the way genetic medicine is researched and practiced in Africa. Computers vs Ebola: Scientists use big data to predict future disease hotspots. A team of scientists have developed a model that can predict the likelihood of bat species carrying Ebola and other filoviruses using a machine learning algorithm. Machine learning reveals undiscovered Ebola-carrying bats. Scientists are hoping to use Big Data and machine learning to prevent further outbreaks of Ebola, by identifying the likelihood of various bat species carrying the virus. Ebola is what’s known as a filovirus, which are long filament-shaped viruses whose genome is encoded on a single strand of RNA.
Ebola is the most famous example, but there are others which are just as deadly, such as the Marburg virus that takes its name from an outbreak in the city of Marburg, Germany, in 1967. Instant HIV, hepatitis diagnostic machine boost testing in Africa. Improved healthcare delivery models across Africa transform industry, says Frost and Sullivan - Cape Business News. Novel health solutions will catalyse business opportunities across the value chain.
The Growth of Cosmetic Surgery in Africa - Face2face Africa. In the latest issue of Arise Magazine, Zoe Alsop explores the growing popularity of plastic surgery in African countries. The African standard of “big is beautiful” is starting to change to a more thin beauty ideal. In countries such as Nigeria, Ghana, Rwanda, Sudan and Kenya, more Africans are going under the knife to remove excess fat, breast lift and tummy tuck. In the lab: Six innovations scientists hope will end malaria. 'Virtual doctors' helping patients in Zambia. Africa will be Short Six Million Healthcare Workers by 2030, But it Can Still Achieve its Commitment of Universal Health Care if it Takes Action Now. Six pays africains pourraient éradiquer le paludisme d'ici 2020. Africa: Fast Food, Flashy Cars and Shopping Malls - Africa Hurtles Into Obesity Crisis. Africa: Novartis Expands Partnership with Medicines for Malaria Venture to Develop Next-Generation Antimalarial Treatment.
Santé : cliniques privées et hôpitaux publics s'allient en Afrique. Australian scientists say a breath test could diagnose malaria. Cancer is on the rise in Africa just as some of the few radiotherapy centers fall apart — Quartz. Africa: More Africans Are Accessing Health Care - but States Still Have Work to Do. Africa: New Partnership in Cancer Fight Launched. Rising Life Expectancy in Africa: What Does It Mean? - Face2face Africa. 14% of Africans pay bribe for health care - Survey. Africa: Digital Healthcare Revolution beckons. Forbes Welcome. Africa: Diabetes - Changing Lifestyles Affect Health in Africa. Africa’s real crisis is heart disease. Africa: Plea for Treaty On Drug Research. Africa: Why a New Vaginal Ring Could Be a Game-Changer in HIV Prevention.
#MCIA 16: How a vaccine is improving the African child's health. Study Detects Gut Microbiome Differences in African Agriculturist, Hunter-Gatherer Populations. Africa: Watch Out for Child Obesity - Africa's Children Aren't Just Hungry. New Malaria Test, illumigene® Malaria, Sets a New Gold Standard for Diagnosis Nasdaq:VIVO. Africa: Stillbirths Down By Quarter Since 2000. Africa: Ebola, Malaria Vaccines - HIV Treatments Expected in 2016. Pour mieux vous soigner en Afrique, allez prioritairement en Egypte et en Afrique du Sud. All in Africa: The World’s 13 Highest-Mortality Countries. Experts strive to jointly regulate medicines in Africa.
Africa faces up to obesity epidemic. Africa: HIV Drugs for Babies Slashes Breastfeeding Risk. Africa: Innovative pro-poor healthcare delivery models making strides in Africa : The case of the Healthy Heart Africa Programme. Tanzania: African Scientists Develop Methods to Avert Outbreaks. East Africa: Researchers Burn the Midnight Oil to Develop HIV Vaccine. Africa: Cancer Soars in Global South. Ethiopia has cracked the problem of rural health, but its workers feel stuck.
Genes that protect African children from developing malaria identified. HIV/AIDS infections dropping in Africa. 'AIDS is now the biggest killer of African teens' - The Network of Forward Moving People. Africa: Breakthrough Brings Cost of HIV Treatment to Under $100 Per Patient Per Year. Fastcoexist. Africans need to make their mark in the pharmaceutical industry boom. Africa: Deadly Meningitis Strain Virtually Eliminated in Much of Africa - Study - allAfrica.com. Africa: How Drones Can Improve Healthcare Delivery in Developing Countries - allAfrica.com. Trends shaping pharma industry in Africa. Africa highlighted as a market with high potential for pharma industry … 10 Impressive, World-Class African Hospitals. Malaria cases in Africa are soaring. Here’s the surprising reason why. Socking it to malaria just the start for Africa's new science alliance. Top 10 healthcare apps for Africa. Mosquito-hunting spiders could help fight deadly malaria - SciDev.Net Sub-Saharan Africa.
High-dose vitamin D could help fight HIV/AIDS - SciDev.Net Sub-Saharan Africa. L’anneau vaginal capable de protéger du HIV, c’est pour bientôt. A Milestone in Africa: No Polio Cases in a Year. Africa agency to offer insurance against Ebola. Schizophrénie : un nouveau traitement venu d'Afrique. Healing plants inspire new compounds for psychiatric drugs. Creating a contact lens that suits the African eye.
Africa is within reach of being declared a polio free region. Roche's Expansion In Africa Is a Good Long Term Move, Though The Immediate Opportunity is Small. Bart Knols: Waging war on mosquitoes. Investing in health, investing in Africa. Africa awaits first malaria vaccine candidate approval - SciDev.Net Sub-Saharan Africa. Viagra may prove a valuable weapon against malaria. Low-cost smartphone device for testing HIV, syphilis - SciDev.Net Sub-Saharan Africa. Making medicine in Africa - the untapped possibilities that could save millions of lives.
Novartis tourne la page du tout générique en Afrique. Fridge that runs without electricity pioneered by Welsh start-up. Observers: Africa Must Plan for Baby Boom Now. Malaria death rates fall, Ebola threatens W.Africa progress. With More Babies Surviving, West African Women Are Desperate for Birth Control.