Wikis & Theories...
Get flash to fully experience Pearltrees
«La créativité est essentielle en affaires.
Innovation is the development of new values through solutions that meet new requirements, inarticulate needs, or old customer and market needs in value adding new ways.
User innovation refers to innovation by intermediate users (e.g. user firms ) or consumer users (individual end-users or user communities ), rather than by suppliers (producers or manufacturers ). [ 1 ]
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. 1980.
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :
An invention is a unique or novel device , method, composition or process.
Creativity refers to the phenomenon whereby something new is created which has some kind of subjective value (such as a joke, a literary work, a painting or musical composition, a solution, an invention etc).
Dear Wikinomics community member,
Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything ( ISBN 1591841380 ) [ 1 ] is a book by Don Tapscott and Anthony D.
Mass collaboration is a form of collective action that occurs when large numbers of people work independently on a single project, often modular in its nature. Such projects typically take place on the internet using social software and computer-supported collaboration tools such as wiki technologies , which provide a potentially infinite hypertextual substrate within which the collaboration may be situated.
Complex adaptive systems are special cases of complex systems , often defined as a 'complex macroscopic collection' of relatively 'similar and partially connected micro-structures' – formed in order to adapt to the changing environment, and increase its survivability as a macro-structure . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] They are complex ; in that they are dynamic networks of interactions , and their relationships are not aggregations of the individual static entities. They are adaptive ; in that the individual and collective behavior mutate and self-organize corresponding to the change-initiating micro-event or collection of events. [ 1 ] [ 2 ]
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Complex Adaptive System Un système complexe adaptatif ou système complexe auto-adaptatif est l'ensemble des cas particuliers d'un système complexe capable de s'adapter à son environnement par des expériences d'apprentissage.
Social dynamics can refer to the behavior of groups that results from the interactions of individual group members as well to the study of the relationship between individual interactions and group level behaviors. [ 1 ] The field of social dynamics brings together ideas from Economics , Sociology , Social Psychology , and other disciplines, and is a sub-field of complex adaptive systems or complexity science . The fundamental assumption of the field is that individuals are influenced by one another's behavior.
Amateur professionalism or professional amateurism (shortened to am pro , AmPro , Am-Pro , pro am , ProAm , Pro-Am , etc.) is a socioeconomic concept that describes a blurring of the distinction between professional and amateur within any endeavour or attainable skill that could be labelled professional, whether it is in the field of writing , computer programming , music , film , etc. When speaking of persons, the terms amateur professionals , amateur pros , am pros , professional amateurs , professional ams or pro ams may be used. The idea is distinct from the sports term " pro–am " (professional–amateur), though related to and ultimately derived from it.