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Secteur quaternaire. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Secteur quaternaire

Dans le prolongement des travaux de Colin Clark et d'Alfred Sauvy, certains auteurs ont enrichi la typologie traditionnelle des trois secteurs économiques (secteur primaire, secteur secondaire, secteur tertiaire) en affirmant l'existence d'un quatrième secteur : le secteur quaternaire. Pour ce concept — relativement récent — différents auteurs proposent des définitions qui ne se recoupent pas totalement.

D'autres encore définissent le secteur quaternaire plus par les processus de production mis en œuvre que par ses produits ; ces nouvelles façons de produire annoncent l'avènement d'une « économie quaternaire». Le secteur quaternaire comme résultat d'une scission du secteur tertiaire[modifier | modifier le code] Étant donné l'importance du secteur tertiaire dans les pays développés et de l'hétérogénéité de ce secteur plusieurs auteurs ont proposé d'en isoler une partie, en tant que « secteur quaternaire » . ↑ Nelson N. Home - Quaternary sector of the economy.

The quaternary sector of the economy is a way to describe a knowledge-based part of the economy which typically includes services such as information generation and sharing, information technology, consultation, education, research and development, financial planning, and other knowledge-based services.[1][2] The term has been used to describe media, culture, and government.[3] "Quaternary sector" is a further delineation of the three-sector hypothesis of industry in the sense that the quarternary sector refers to a part of the third or tertiary sector along with the quinary economic sector.

Quaternary sector of the economy

It has been argued that intellectual services is distinct enough to warrant a separate sector and not be considered merely as a part of the tertiary sector. This sector evolves in well developed countries and requires a highly educated workforce.[3] According to some definitions, the quaternary sector includes other pure services, such as the entertainment industry. The Emerging Fourth Sector - The Three Traditional Sectors Businesses create and distribute goods and services that enhance our quality of life, promote growth, and generate prosperity.

The Emerging Fourth Sector -

They spur innovation, reward entrepreneurial effort, provide a return on investment and constantly improve their performance responding to market feedbacks. Everything Open and Free. New Rules for the New Economy. 1) Embrace the Swarm.

New Rules for the New Economy

As power flows away from the center, the competitive advantage belongs to those who learn how to embrace decentralized points of control. 2) Increasing Returns. Let's make everything free. Next Economy @fer_ananda. Money 4 Causes... Instaurer une gouvernance écologique avec l’holacratie. Rapport de force, pulsions de l’ego, quête de pouvoir, autocratie : voici ce qui domine dans la majorité des groupes (entreprises, associations) de notre société.

Instaurer une gouvernance écologique avec l’holacratie

Pourtant, des modes de gouvernance existent proposant une alternative à cette façon d'être et de faire. Qu'est-ce que l'holacratie ? L'holacratie qui provient des mots grecs « holos » désignant « une entité qui est à la fois un tout et une partie d’un tout » et de « kratos » signifiant « pouvoir ». Il s’agit donc de donner le pouvoir de gouvernance à l’organisation elle-même plutôt qu’aux egos de ses membres. En effet, l’holacratie est un système de gouvernance qui s’appuie sur des principes innovants et opérationnels pour permettre de faire émerger l’essence, la capacité d’innovation et le potentiel collectif de l’organisation en la libérant des peurs et des ambitions individuelles.

Quel impact sur le territoire ? Revenu Citoyen. The Infinite Resource: The Power of Ideas on a Finite Planet. “Brilliant” — Ray Kurzweil “This book contains a plan – probably the only plan – to save the world.” — Steven Pinker Climate change.

The Infinite Resource: The Power of Ideas on a Finite Planet

Finite fossil fuels. Fresh water depletion. Rising commodity prices. From Bigger, Towards Better. The Limits of the Earth — Part 1: Problems. (Credit: NASA) This is part one of a two-part series on the limits of human economic growth on planet Earth.

The Limits of the Earth — Part 1: Problems

Part one details some of the environmental and natural resource challenges we’re up against. Part two, on the ultimate size of the resource pool and solutions to our problems, will be published tomorrow and linked here. Both parts are based on Ramez Naam’s new book, The Infinite Resource: The Power of Ideas on a Finite Planet The world is facing incredibly serious natural resource and environmental challenges: Climate change, fresh water depletion, ocean over-fishing, deforestation, air and water pollution, the struggle to feed a planet of billions. All of these challenges are exacerbated by ever rising demand — over the next 40 years estimates are that demand for fresh water will rise 50%, demand for food will rise 70%, and demand for energy will nearly double — all in the same period that we need to tackle climate change, depletion of rivers and aquifers, and deforestation. The Limits of the Earth — Part 2: Expanding the Limits. (Credit: NASA)

The Limits of the Earth — Part 2: Expanding the Limits

Move Commons. Alter Currency. Open Collaboration - The Next Economic Paradigm. I’ve dedicated a lot of research over the last few years to understanding the deep trends that will define the next economy.

Open Collaboration - The Next Economic Paradigm

As I’ve written elsewhere, the global economy goes through a creative-destructive cycle every 50 years. And now we’re in the midst of a collapsing paradigm that is soon to be replaced by something new. In this article, I will explain what the new paradigm is and how it will impact every sector of society — including business, government, education, and basic research. Book of the Day: The Emerging Ownership Revolution. “ownership design is the most foundational” (David Korten) * Book: Majorie Kelly.

Book of the Day: The Emerging Ownership Revolution

Owning Our Future: The Emerging Ownership Revolution. Journeys to a Generative Economy. Discussions of Economics and Public Policy. Microsoft Word - 20130918_Propositions-eco-circu_Cniid-AT-RAC-APE-FL.doc - 20130918_propositions-eco-circu_cniid-at-rac-ape-fl.pdf. Planning for a Steady State (No Growth) Society. It has been a core doctrine of the Industrial Age that businesses need to grow continually.

There are no prominent politicians or economists challenging this axiom. In industrialized societies the concentration of capital leads to unequal distribution of wealth. In most societies there is strong pressure by the wealthy class to limit taxation of wealth, so income is taxed instead. Economy: The New Paradigm. A New Paradigm in Economic Thinking. Soak the Rich. This exchange is from a conversation in Paris between David Graeber and Thomas Piketty, discoursing on the deep shit we’re all in and what we might do about climbing out.

It was held at the École Normale Supérieure; moderated by Joseph Confavreux and Jade Lindgaard; edited by Edwy Plenel; first published by the French magazine Mediapart last October; and translated from the French for The Baffler by Donald Nicholson-Smith. Moderators: You both appear to think that the prevailing economic and financial system has run its course, and cannot endure much longer in its present form. La dette est une arme de diversion massive. Stop interrogation. Économie de don. Gift economy. A gift economy, gift culture or gift exchange is a mode of exchange where valuables are not sold, but rather given without an explicit agreement for immediate or future rewards.[1] In contrast to a barter economy or a market economy, social norms and custom govern gift exchange, rather than an explicit exchange of goods or services for money or some other commodity.[2] According to anthropologists Maurice Bloch and Jonathan Parry, it is the unsettled relationship between market and non-market exchange that attracts the most attention.

Gift economies are said, by some,[7] to build communities, and that the market serves as an acid on those relationships.[8] Principles of gift exchange[edit] Single World currency. The Zero Marginal Cost Society. Post Capitalism (plus 5 layers of Corporate Transformation) The post is also available in Italian here. The Zero Marginal Cost Society In the last few days a number of, more or less enjoyable, articles introducing the latest book by Jeremy Rifkin, released earlier in March, saw the light on all the most important online newspapers worldwide.