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Jiddu Krishnamurti (May 12, 1895 – February 17, 1986) was an Indian speaker and writer on philosophical and spiritual subjects, and was widely considered as a World Teacher . His subject matter included: psychological revolution, the nature of mind, meditation , inquiry, human relationships, and bringing about radical change in society . He constantly stressed the need for a revolution in the psyche of every human being and emphasized that such revolution cannot be brought about by any external entity, be it religious, political, or social. Krishnamurti was born into a Telugu Brahmin family in British India .
The pineal gland (also called the pineal body , epiphysis cerebri , epiphysis , conarium or the " third eye ") is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain . It produces the serotonin derivative melatonin , a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and seasonal functions. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Its shape resembles a tiny pine cone (hence its name), and it is located near the centre of the brain, between the two hemispheres , tucked in a groove where the two rounded thalamic bodies join. [ edit ] Location The pineal gland is reddish-gray and about the size of a grain of rice (5–8 mm) in humans, located just rostro-dorsal to the superior colliculus and behind and beneath the stria medullaris , between the laterally positioned thalamic bodies .
The Bhagavad Gita ( Hindi : श्रीमद् भगवद् गीता , Śrīmad bhagavad gītā ) (pronounced: [ˈbʱəɡəʋəd̪ ɡiːˈt̪aː] ( listen ) ), The Song of the Bhagavan , often referred to as simply the Gita , is a 700-verse scripture that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata . This scripture contains a conversation between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide Lord Krishna on a variety of theological and philosophical issues. Faced with a fratricidal war, a despondent Arjuna turns to his charioteer Krishna for counsel on the battlefield. Krishna, through the course of the Gita, imparts to Arjuna wisdom, the path to devotion, and the doctrine of selfless action. [ 1 ] The Gita upholds the essence and the theological tradition of the Upanishads . [ 2 ] However, unlike the rigorous monism of the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita also integrates dualism and theism .
A Kosha (also, Kosa ) (Sanskrit कोश , IAST : kośa ), usually rendered "sheath", [ 1 ] one of five coverings of the Atman , or Self according to Vedantic philosophy. They are often visualised like the layers of an onion. Belling states: According to the Kosha system in Yogic philosophy, the nature of being human encompasses physical and psychological aspects that function as one holistic system. The Kosha system refers to these different aspects as layers of subjective experience.
Sādhanā ( Sanskrit : साधना ; Standard Tibetan : སྒྲུབ་ཐབས་ , druptap , Wyl. sgrub thabs ), literally "a means of accomplishing something", [ 1 ] is an ego -transcending spiritual practice . [ 2 ] It includes a variety of disciplines in Hindu , Sikh , Buddhist [ 3 ] and Muslim traditions that are followed in order to achieve various spiritual or ritual objectives. The historian N. Bhattacharyya provides a working definition of the benefits of sādhanā as follows:
Anuttarayoga Tantra (Sanskrit, Tibetan: bla na med pa'i rgyud ), [ 1 ] often translated as Unexcelled Yoga Tantra or Highest Yoga Tantra , is a term used in Tibetan Buddhism in the categorization of esoteric tantric Indian Buddhist texts that constitute part of the Kangyur , or the 'translated words of the Buddha' in the Tibetan Buddhist canon . In the New Schools of Tibetan Buddhism, Anuttarayoga Tantra is the highest of four classes and is associated with the Mahamudra route to enlightenment. According to the Gelugpa tradition, in Highest Yoga Tantra, the Buddha taught the most profound instructions for transforming sensual pleasure into the quick path to enlightenment, which in turn depends upon the ability to gather and dissolve the inner winds (Sanskrit: prana ) into the central channel through the power of meditation. [ 2 ]
Maṇḍala (मण्डल) is a Sanskrit word meaning "circle." Mandalas have spiritual and ritual significance in Hinduism and Buddhism . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] The term is of Hindu origin.
In Tibet , many Buddhists carve mantras into rocks as a form of meditation. The Om syllable (Believed to be the "Sound of the Universe") is considered a mantra in its own right in Vedanta mysticism. A mantra is a sound, syllable, word, or group of words that is considered capable of "creating transformation" (cf. spiritual transformation ). [ 1 ] Its use and type varies according to the school and philosophy associated with the mantra. [ 2 ] Mantras ( Devanāgarī मन्त्र) originated in the Vedic tradition of India , becoming an essential part of the Hindu tradition and a customary practice within Buddhism , Sikhism , and Jainism . In the context of the Vedas , the term mantra refers to the entire portion which contains the texts called Rig , Yajur or Sama , that is, the metrical part as opposed to the prose Brahmana commentary.
Mon, January 4, 2010 - 5:15 AM The majority of Tantric teachings, in accord with the types of paths the sadhana intends to embrace, are divided into three specific types horizontal, vertical and diagonal by which terminology is meant nivritti-marga (path of cessation), pravritti-marga (path of activity) and purna-marga (path of wholeness). This accords with the Hindu alchemical classification of three energetic types or forces usually referred to as Sattvas, Rajas & Tamas that pervade the whole of the supernatural and organic world. The tantric scriptures are further delineated into three temporal life goals linked to an individual's particular choice of lifestyle, namely material welfare or support (artha), passionate self-expression (kama) and finally moral virtue or lawfulness (dharma). The western traditions emphasise Truth, Beauty & Goodness, all of which of course need to be linked to an individual's life or karma.
Babaji's Tantric Kriya Yoga is one of the most powerful spiritual discipline available on the planet Earth. It is dedicated to those who are willing to accelerate their spiritual awakening. Kriya represents a practical yoga technique.
(Sanskrit) is the embodiment of all the buddhas' infinite compassion. He is white in color and is shown in his four-armed aspect. His first two hands are pressed together at his heart supplicating all buddhas and bodhisattvas to look after sentient beings and protect them from suffering. These hands hold a wish-fulfilling jewel symbolic of his compassionate bodhicitta motivation. His other right hand holds a crystal rosary symbolizing his ability to liberate beings from samsara with ideal means, and reminding the practitioner to recite his six-syllable mantra, Om Mani Padme Hum.
Zen is a school of Mahayana Buddhism [ note 1 ] that developed in China during the 6th century as Chán . From China, Zen spread south to Vietnam , to Korea and east to Japan . The word Zen is derived from the Japanese pronunciation of the Middle Chinese word 禪 ( dʑjen ) (Modern Mandarin : Chán ), which in turn is derived from the Sanskrit word dhyāna , which can be approximately translated as "absorption" or " meditative state ". Zen emphasizes the attainment of enlightenment and the personal expression of direct insight in the Buddhist teachings. As such, it de-emphasizes mere knowledge of sutras and doctrine and favors direct understanding through zazen and interaction with an accomplished teacher. The teachings of Zen include various sources of Mahāyāna thought, especially Yogācāra , the Tathāgatagarbha Sutras and Huayan .
Gautama Buddha or Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha ( Sanskrit : सिद्धार्थ गौतम बुद्ध ; Pali : Siddhattha Gotama ), also called Sakyamuni [ note 1 ] , was a sage from the ancient Shakya republic [ note 2 ] , on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. [ 10 ] He is also referred to as "the Buddha" or simply as "Buddha." Buddha means "awakened one" or "the enlightened one." "Buddha" is also used as a title for the first awakened being in an era. In most Buddhist traditions, Siddhartha Gautama is regarded as the Supreme Buddha (P. sammāsambuddha , S. samyaksaṃbuddha ) of our age, [ note 3 ] Gautama Buddha may also be referred to as Shakyamuni Buddha, Śākyamuni ( Sanskrit : शाक्यमुनि "Sage of the Śākyas ") or "The Awakened One of the Shakya Clan." Gautama taught a Middle Way compared to the severe asceticism found in the Sramana (renunciation) movement [ 11 ] common in his region.
Confucius (551–479 BC) [ 1 ] was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history . The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty . Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius's thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known as Confucianism . Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the Chinese classic texts including all of the Five Classics , but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself.
Vipassanā ( Pāli ) or vipaśyanā (विपश्यना, Sanskrit , Chn. 觀 guān;Tib. ལྷག་མཐོང་, lhaktong; Wyl. lhag mthong) in the Buddhist tradition means insight into the true nature of reality. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] In the Theravadin context, this entails insight into the three marks of existence , the impermanence and unsatisfactoriness of every conditioned thing that exists and non-self. In Mahayana contexts, it entails insight into what is variously described as sunyata , dharmata , the inseparability of appearance and emptiness, clarity and emptiness, or bliss and emptiness. [ web 1 ] Vipassanā is commonly used as a synonym for vipassanā-meditation, in which anapanasati , mindfulness of breathing, is used to become aware of the impermanence of everything that exists.