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Dinosaur feather evolution trapped in Canadian amber. 15 September 2011Last updated at 18:22 A wide array of different feather shapes was captured in the same place within just a few years Samples of amber in western Canada containing feathers from dinosaurs and birds have yielded the most complete story of feather evolution ever seen. Eleven fragments show the progression from hair-like "filaments" to doubly-branched feathers of modern birds.

The analysis of the 80-million-year-old amber deposits is presented in Science. Library of alexandria. Dino-era Mammal the "Jurassic Mother" of Us All? A tiny, shrew-like creature of the dinosaur era might have been, in a sense, the mother of us all. Named the "Jurassic mother from China" (Juramaia sinensis), the newfound fossil species is the earliest known ancestor of placental mammals—animals, such as humans, that give birth to relatively mature, live young—according to a new study. The 160-million-year-old specimen pushes back fossil evidence for the evolutionary split between the placental and marsupial lineages by 35 million years. Homo Erectus travelled the high seas. Early manlike creatures may have been smarter than we think.

Homo Erectus travelled the high seas

Recent archaeological finds from the Mediterranean show that human ancestors traveled the high seas. A team of researchers that included an N.C. State University geologist found evidence that our ancestors were crossing open water at least 130,000 years ago. That's more than 100,000 years earlier than scientists had previously thought. Human rights & democracy statistics. About this Video In this video, made for the Oslo freedom Forum 2009, Hans Rosling discuss the difficulty in measuring progress in Human Rights in the form of comparable numerical statistics.

Human rights & democracy statistics

He also shows the surprisingly weak correlation between existing estimates for democracy and socio-economic progress. The reason may be that democracy and human rights measurements are badly done. Egypt's 'Indiana Jones' - antiquities minister Zahi Hawass - sacked. Critics say Zahi Hawass, centre, is a publicity seeker.

Egypt's 'Indiana Jones' - antiquities minister Zahi Hawass - sacked

Source: AFP EGYPT'S antiquities minister, whose Indiana Jones hat made him the world's best-known Egyptologist, has been fired after months of pressure from critics who attacked his credibility and accused him of having been too close to the regime of ousted president Hosni Mubarak. Zahi Hawass, long chided as publicity-loving and short on science, lost his job along with about a dozen other ministers in a cabinet reshuffle to appease protesters seeking to purge remnants of Mr Mubarak's regime. "He was the Mubarak of antiquities," said Nora Shalaby, an activist and archeologist. "He acted as if he owned Egypt's antiquities, and not that they belonged to the people of Egypt. " Roman-era shipwreck reveals ancient medical secrets. India: Treasure unearthed in Kerala temple.

1 July 2011Last updated at 18:03 By Ashraf Padanna Trivandrum The temple was built in the 16th Century by the kings of Travancore Treasure, thought to be worth billions of rupees, has been unearthed from secret underground chambers in a temple in the southern Indian state of Kerala.

India: Treasure unearthed in Kerala temple

Precious stones, gold and silver are among valuables found at Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple. The riches are thought to have been languishing in the temple vaults for more than a century, interred by the Maharajahs of Travancore over time. They have not been officially valued and inspectors are taking an inventory. Ancient Assyrian Dictionary Completed by University of Chicago Scholars. M. Spencer Green/Associated Press Martha Roth, dean of humanities at the University of Chicago, and Gil Stein, director of the Oriental Institute there. Tunnel found under temple in Mexico. Researchers found a tunnel under the Temple of the Snake in the pre-Hispanic city of Teotihuacan, about 28 miles northeast of Mexico City.

Tunnel found under temple in Mexico

The tunnel had apparently been sealed off around 1,800 years ago. Researchers of Mexico's National University made the finding with a radar device. Egyptian pyramids found by infra-red satellite images. 24 May 2011Last updated at 19:32 ET By Frances Cronin BBC News The infrared image on the right reveals the ancient city streets of Tanis near modern-day San El Hagar Seventeen lost pyramids are among the buildings identified in a new satellite survey of Egypt.

Egyptian pyramids found by infra-red satellite images

More than 1,000 tombs and 3,000 ancient settlements were also revealed by looking at infra-red images which show up underground buildings. Secret History. © Karen L.

Secret History

King 2012Gospel of Jesus' Wife: front. The Gospel of Jesus' Wife, a papyrus fragment of Coptic script containing a suggestion that Jesus may have been married, is an ancient document, and not a modern forgery, says a paper published in the Harvard Theological Review on Tuesday. Tests by teams of engineering, biology, and chemistry professors from Columbia University, Harvard University, and MIT indicate the papyrus dates to between the sixth and ninth centuries, and possibly as far back as the second to fourth centuries. When We Tested Nuclear Bombs. Since the time of Trinity -- the first nuclear explosion in 1945 -- nearly 2,000 nuclear tests have been performed, with the majority taking place during the 1960s and 1970s.

When We Tested Nuclear Bombs

When the technology was new, tests were frequent and often spectacular, and led to the development of newer, more deadly weapons. But starting in the 1990s, there have been efforts to limit the future testing of nuclear weapons, including a U.S. moratorium and a U.N. comprehensive test ban treaty. As a result, testing has slowed -- though not halted -- and there are questions about the future. Who will take over for those experienced engineers who are now near retirement, and should we act as stewards with our enormous stockpiles of nuclear weapons? What happened in my birth year?