Miguel Nicolelis: "Nossa forma de aprender é pelo contato social" Curso Neurociência das emoções - Estudos sobre a emoção - Senac São Paulo. Alguns resultados da Avaliação de Performance Cognitiva (CogScore5) The prefrontal cortex in the neurology clinic. Outline AbstractKeywordsHistoric and Theoretic BackgroundThe Perception–Action CyclePrefrontal Executive FunctionsPrefrontal SyndromesReferencesFurther Reading Abstract Throughout the nervous system, posterior structures are mainly devoted to receptive functions—sensation and perception—while anterior structures are devoted to motor functions.
Executive functions — Northwestern Scholars. T1 - Executive functions AU - Cristofori, Irene AU - Cohen-Zimerman, Shira AU - Grafman, Jordan Henry N2 - Executive functions (EFs) include high-order cognitive abilities such as working memory, inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility, planning, reasoning, and problem solving.
EFs enable humans to achieve goals, adapt to novel everyday life situations, and manage social interactions. AB - Executive functions (EFs) include high-order cognitive abilities such as working memory, inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility, planning, reasoning, and problem solving. Evitar distrações nos estudos, segundo a ciência. Sandeep Jauhar: How your emotions change the shape of your heart. Robert Sapolsky: The biology of our best and worst selves. Mechanisms of systems memory consolidation during sleep. Where Does EEG Come From and What Does It Mean? - PubMed - NCBI. Neurocomputational mechanisms underlying motivated seeing. Atenção auditiva é afetada por alteração do ritmo cardíaco causada por estresse. How we make complex decisions. Summary: When making complex decisions, the brain performs two computations using distributed network areas in the frontal cortex.
Source: MIT When making a complex decision, we often break the problem down into a series of smaller decisions. For example, when deciding how to treat a patient, a doctor may go through a hierarchy of steps — choosing a diagnostic test, interpreting the results, and then prescribing a medication. Making hierarchical decisions is straightforward when the sequence of choices leads to the desired outcome. But when the result is unfavorable, it can be tough to decipher what went wrong. In a new study, MIT neuroscientists explored how the brain reasons about probable causes of failure after a hierarchy of decisions. Decision-making behaviors: weighing ethology, complexity, and sensorimotor compatibility. Choice page. When Did Consciousness Begin? A provocative new book by Arthur Reber argues that bacteria are conscious and that the origins of mind are found in the simplest, single-celled organisms that arose billions of years ago.
Here are some alternative answers to the question of when consciousness began. Hypotheses About the Origins of Consciousness 1. Consciousness has always existed, because God is conscious and eternal. Decision making and sequential sampling from memory. Ciência contribui para o sucesso do basquete feminino de Santo André - Esportes - Estadão. Como ajudar o cérebro a tomar melhores decisões. How the brain enables us to rapidly focus attention. University of Queensland researchers have discovered a key mechanism in the brain that may underlie our ability to rapidly focus attention.
Our brains are continuously bombarded with information from the senses, yet our level of vigilance to such input varies, allowing us to selectively focus on one conversation and not another. Professor Stephen Williams of the Queensland Brain Institute at UQ explains, "If we want to give our full concentration, something happens in the brain to enable us to focus and filter out distractions. " "There must be a mechanism that signals the thing we want to focus on. " New Insight on How Memory Works. Summary: Study reports declarative memory depends upon conscious knowledge of what has been previously learned.
Researchers discovered conscious knowledge is compromised in those with damage to the hippocampus. The findings shed new light on how the hippocampus controls the process of memory. Source: Veterans Affairs Research Communications. Two Veterans Affairs researchers have explored how memory is tied to the hippocampus, with findings that will expand scientists’ understanding of how memory works. Endogenous attention modulates attentional and motor interference from distractors: evidence from behavioral and electrophysiological results. - PubMed - NCBI. Helping Students Develop Executive Function Skills. Executive function is an umbrella term in neuroscience to describe the neurological processes involving mental control and self-regulation.
Executive functions control and regulate cognitive and social behaviors like controlling impulses, paying attention, remembering information, planning and organizing time and materials, and responding appropriately to social situations and stressful situations. Experts believe executive function is regulated by the frontal lobe of the brain—the prefrontal cortex. Because humans are born with brains that are not fully developed, children are not born with these skills, but they have the potential to develop them. Some students do not develop executive functions to the same degree as their peers. For these students with deficits, additional support in the classroom may improve their development of executive function.
Offering Teaching Support Addressing a deficit requires understanding the type of deficiency the student faces. Relato de sonhos pode ajudar a diagnosticar esquizofrenia. Maths shows how we lose interest. In his enthralling 2009 collection of parables, Sum: Forty Tales from the Afterlives, the neuroscientist David Eagleman describes a world in which a person only truly dies when they are forgotten.
After their bodies have crumbled and they leave Earth, all deceased must wait in a lobby and are allowed to pass on only after someone says their name for the last time. “The whole place looks like an infinite airport waiting area,” Eagleman writes. “But the company is terrific.” Most people leave just as their loved ones arrive — for it was only the loved ones who were still remembering. But the truly famous have to hang around for centuries; some, keen to be off, are with an “aching heart waiting for statues to fall”.
The maturation of speech structure in psychosis is resistant to formal education. Ciência USP #01: Como o cérebro processa o trauma. Can Personality Be Measured? Summary: Researchers have developed a new method of assessing intelligence and personality by using EEG technology that recorded brain waves during simple cognitive tasks.
Source: Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. An international team of researchers has developed a new method to assess the intelligence and personality by analyzing neurophysiological data of the human brain. A neuroscientist reveals the crucial difference between feelings and emotions. To Understand Working Memory, Researchers Must Resolve This Debate. Summary: Researchers say, to better understand working memory, it is important to resolve the debate over how we hold and judge multiple pieces of information in mind.
Source: MIT. In a debate where the stakes are nothing short of understanding how the brain maintains its “sketchpad of conscious thought,” researchers argue over exactly what makes working memory work in dueling papers in the Aug. 8 edition of the Journal of Neuroscience. Working memory is how you hold things in mind like the directions to a new restaurant and the list of specials the waiter rattles off after you sit down.
Edutopia. 5 ideias sobre como conversar com seu filho pequeno para 'construir' seu cérebro - BBC News Brasil. AI recreates activity patterns that brain cells use in navigation. Scientists have used artificial intelligence (AI) to recreate the complex neural codes that the brain uses to navigate through space. The feat demonstrates how powerful AI algorithms can assist conventional neuroscience research to test theories about the brain’s workings — but the approach is not going to put neuroscientists out of work just yet, say the researchers. “It really was a very striking and remarkable convergence of form and function.” Error loading player: No playable sources found The computer program, details of which were published in Nature on 9 May1, was developed by neuroscientists at University College London (UCL) and AI researchers at the London-based Google company DeepMind.
What Is Consciousness? Consciousness is everything you experience. It is the tune stuck in your head, the sweetness of chocolate mousse, the throbbing pain of a toothache, the fierce love for your child and the bitter knowledge that eventually all feelings will end. The origin and nature of these experiences, sometimes referred to as qualia, have been a mystery from the earliest days of antiquity right up to the present. Many modern analytic philosophers of mind, most prominently perhaps Daniel Dennett of Tufts University, find the existence of consciousness such an intolerable affront to what they believe should be a meaningless universe of matter and the void that they declare it to be an illusion.
That is, they either deny that qualia exist or argue that they can never be meaningfully studied by science. 'Estudar diversão é coisa séria', diz o neurocientista Michael Brecht. How To Improve Your Attention Span In 3 Easy Steps. Scientists Probe an Enduring Question: Can Language Shape Perception? Picture a sunlit Grecian sea or the deep hues of Santorini’s rooftops. They’re both called “blue” in English. But to Greek speakers, the lighter hue is “ghalazio” and the darker color “ble.” When researchers showed native speakers of both languages squares of light and dark blue, they found the Greek speakers viewed the two colors as more unlike each other. Did a different language influence how people viewed the two colors? Many researchers now believe that language does play a role in some aspects of cognitive activity, but the evidence remains murky.
The idea that language can shape perception and thought — a hypothesis formally known as “linguistic relativity” — harkens back to the 1930s. Still, the notion refuses to die. Now, cognitive scientists are applying new technologies to resolve the issue. In 2016, researchers in Japan investigated whether babies can categorize colors, by using a method that measured the babies’ neural responses to various colors and shades. O seu cérebro não é tão racional quanto parece: A influência dos vieses cognitivos. Como criamos significados? Facial Displays Are Tools for Social Influence: Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
Aspectos moleculares da organização comportamental no cérebro. Understand? Your Brain Signals Will Tell. Remember the voice of Charlie Brown's teacher: "Wha wha wha wha ... "? Sometimes we can hear someone speaking, but that doesn't always mean we're tuning in. Now neuroscientists have identified a way of detecting brain signals that indicate when a person is actually understanding speech. The technique, which applies machine learning, represents an advance in using relatively inexpensive EEG (electroencephalography) technology (think skullcap outfitted with wired electrodes) to monitor electrical brain activity and assess comprehension. The approach could offer a sensitive measure of language development in infants and comprehension among patients, including those in a reduced state of consciousness.
To further test that the spikes in electrical signals corresponded to what people were hearing, the team took EEG readings in other situations where listening was compromised. Finally, the team played audiobook recordings backward. The practice of detecting comprehension using EEGs isn't new. Neuroscientists identify brain circuit that integrates head motion with visual signals: Study highlights role of primary visual cortex in integrating head and visual movement signals.
Neuroscientists at the Sainsbury Wellcome Centre have identified a circuit in the primary visual cortex (V1) of the brain that integrates head- and visual-motion signals. The study, published today in Neuron, elucidates the mechanisms by which visual and vestibular inputs to the brain sum together to enable appropriate behavioural responses.
Neurocientista francês desmonta mito do 'multitarefa' e explica mecanismos cerebrais da atenção. O Que São Emoções e Sentimentos? Study finds early signatures of the social brain. Why talking - and listening - to your child could be key to brain development. O viés da confiança: como o cérebro processa e como poderíamos reduzi-lo – Economia Comportamental. The scientific reason why children and adults see the world differently. Ten Steps to Freeing Yourself From Your Worry. Why Can Some People 'Hear' Colors? How stress affects your brain - Madhumita Murgia. As incríveis histórias das pessoas que mudaram de personalidade após um ferimento na cabeça - BBC Brasil.
Interações sociais e emoções sob a luz da neurociência. Como funciona o cérebro das pessoas criativas - BBC Brasil. Entrevista de Eduardo Schenberg sobre o tratamento de transtorno de estresse pós-traumático com o uso de MDMA. Na Laje Filmes. 10 Ways We Get the Odds Wrong. Estudo investiga estrutura cerebral em pessoas transgêneros.
O segredo dos funcionários mais produtivos. Depressão em adolescentes pode estar ligada a aumento na recompensa. Neuropathological diagnoses and clinical correlates in older adults in Brazil: A cross-sectional study. Resultados do estudo surpreendem pesquisadoras. Conceitos Fundamentais: 2 - O jogo de ação e reação modela os circuitos do cérebro. LIGHTWAVE. Try Exercise to Improve Memory and Thinking. Tecnologia e Neurociência: de braços dados - Forebrain. Run, Jump, Learn! How Exercise can Transform our Schools: John J. Ratey, MD at TEDxManhattanBeach. Transit?redirect_uri= International Brain Laboratory. Pinpointing the Brain's Motivation Switch.
Adults with autism overestimate the volatility of the sensory environment. A neural switch for becoming alpha male – Science Mission. Nobel de Química 2016 defende foco de pequisa em ciência básica. How poverty affects the brain. Robert Waldinger: What makes a good life? Lessons from the longest study on happiness. What the brain's wiring looks like. O Mundo Percebido. Detecting autism in infants before symptoms emerge – Science Mission.
Para reduzir erros diagnósticos, grupo da USP investiga como os médicos pensam. O que os sabe-tudo não sabem, ou a ilusão da competência - Nexo Jornal. Is mindfulness the best antidote: a neuroscientist says no — Quartz. Artificial Intelligence Emotion Recognition Software. Pesquisador fala sobre a saúde mental dos pós-graduandos. Coupling of electrical and chemical signals through enzyme super complexes for local signal transduction! – Science Mission. The Animated Mind of Oliver Sacks. Estimulação cerebral profunda pode ser alternativa contra ansiedade. Estudo mostra como a plasticidade induz configurações não triviais no cérebro. Ferramenta gratuita corrige redações em inglês na hora. O ritmo e o estilo de diferentes obras literárias brasileiras - Nexo Jornal. Facing the Facts - A Facial Expression Analysis Infographic.
Diga olá para a Neurociência Organizacional! - Forebrain. Os mecanismos do envelhecimento. Realidade Virtual, videogames e robôs viram ferramentas para reabilitação física. Laboratório de Investigação Fonoaudiológica nos Distúrbios do Espectro Autístico - USP. Falsas memórias são tema de estudo na UFSCar. The Sensory Room: Helping Students With Autism Focus & Learn. The Sensory Room: Helping Students With Autism Focus & Learn.
Cientistas treinam neurônios para estudar funcionamento da memória. 'Mais importante que saber operar é saber quando não operar': as confissões de neurocirurgião best-seller - BBC Brasil. Francisco Mora: “É preciso acabar com o formato das aulas de 50 minutos” Estudo revela como o cérebro de predadores organiza a caça.