Martin Luther King Jr. Day: Facts, Timeline, History, Activities, Bio. History - Historic Figures: Martin Luther King (1929 - 1968) Martin Luther King was born on 15 January 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia (US).
Originally named Michael, he was later renamed Martin, like his father, a Baptist minister. His mother, Alberta Williams King, was a schoolteacher. He entered Morehouse College in 1944 and forged a lifelong friendship with his teacher, Benjamin Mays. Together with his father's influence, it was partly his respect for Mays which led him to the Church. Pictures of Martin Luther King. Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Biography. Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and social activist, who led the Civil Rights Movement in the United States from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968.
Synopsis Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. King, both a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist, had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States, beginning in the mid-1950s. Among many efforts, King headed the SCLC. Through his activism, he played a pivotal role in ending the legal segregation of African-American citizens in the South and other areas of the nation, as well as the creation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Early Years Born as Michael King Jr. on January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King Jr. was the middle child of Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King.
Michael King Sr. stepped in as pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church upon the death of his father-in-law in 1931. King attended Booker T. Montgomery Bus Boycott. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Remembered. Martin Luther King. King graduated from Morehouse College in 1948.
After considering careers in medicine and law, he entered the ministry. While studying at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania, King heard a lecture on Mahatma Gandhi and the nonviolent civil disobedience campaign that he used successfully against British rule in India. Over the next few months King read several books on the ideas of Gandhi, and eventually became convinced that the same methods could be employed by blacks to obtain civil rights in America. He was particularly struck by Gandhi's words: "Through our pain we will make them see their injustice". King was also influenced by Henry David Thoreau and his theories on how to use nonviolent resistance to achieve social change. After his marriage to Coretta Scott, King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. There had been a long tradition of nonviolent resistance to racism in the United States. During the Freedom Riders campaign Robert F.
How were Malcolm X and MLK different? Elke Moritz: Two Roads To Freedom. They said to one another, Behold, here cometh the dreamer ...
Let us slay him. And we shall see what will become of his dreams. Genesis 37;19-20 Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X were both respected ministers and established leaders of the African-American people. Although most whites often say that they were "like oil and water", these two men, how different they may have seemed to be, had the same goal: They wanted to end exploitation, discrimination and racism. Professor X And Magneto: Allegories For Martin Luther King, Jr. And Malcolm X.
Malcolm x - documents > letter to martin luther king (the southern christian leadership conference) Martin Luther King Jr. on Malcolm X. Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Debate. History - Better Day Coming: Civil Rights in America in the 20th Century. Malcolm X and Black Power Although a triumphant success in the South, the civil rights movement failed to address the problems of Northern blacks, who by 1960 comprised half of America's black population.
Although less blatant than in the South, and not supported by local laws, racial discrimination was still rife in the North. Blacks found it hard to escape the ghetto, and difficult to find decent jobs. Schools were not supposed to be segregated, but many were. And policemen in the Northern cities often treated blacks with contempt and violence. Malcolm X Quotes. Malcolm X Biography. African-American leader and prominent figure in the Nation of Islam, Malcolm X articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism in the 1950s and '60s.
Synopsis Born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, Malcolm X was a prominent black nationalist leader who served as a spokesman for the Nation of Islam during the 1950s and '60s. Due largely to his efforts, the Nation of Islam grew from a mere 400 members at the time he was released from prison in 1952 to 40,000 members by 1960. MALCOLM X: OUR HISTORY WAS DESTROYED BY SLAVERY. The Malcolm X Project at Columbia University. Pictures of Malcolm X. Malcolm X assassinated — History.com This Day in History — 2/21/1965. In New York City, Malcolm X, an African American nationalist and religious leader, is assassinated by rival Black Muslims while addressing his Organization of Afro-American Unity at the Audubon Ballroom in Washington Heights.
Born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1925, Malcolm was the son of James Earl Little, a Baptist preacher who advocated the black nationalist ideals of Marcus Garvey. Threats from the Ku Klux Klan forced the family to move to Lansing, Michigan, where his father continued to preach his controversial sermons despite continuing threats. In 1931, Malcolm's father was brutally murdered by the white supremacist Black Legion, and Michigan authorities refused to prosecute those responsible. King & civil rights. King was the target of many threats during his life, but this didn’t stop him from carrying on his work.
In April 1968 he was planning a campaign to focus attention on the poverty of black and white Americans. He took time out to visit Memphis, Tennessee, to lead a march in support of a strike of local dustmen. On 4 April he was shot dead on a motel balcony. Despite appeals from the federal government and other civil rights leaders for calm, there were outbreaks of violence and unrest across America. Obama honours Martin Luther King. Martin Luther King Jr. News. Martin Luther King.
It is a testament to the greatness of Martin Luther King Jr. that nearly every major city in the U.S. has a street or school named after him.
How Important Was Malcolm X? Gluekit Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention By Manning Marable Viking When my mother was 12, she walked from the projects of West Baltimore to the beauty shop at North Avenue and Druid Hill, and for the first time in her life, was relaxed.
It was 1962. Black, bespectacled, skinny, and buck-toothed, Ma was also considered to have the worst head of hair in her family. Her tales of home cosmetology are surreal. In the ongoing quest for the locks of Lena Horne, a chemical relaxer was an agent of perfection. That day, the hairdresser donned rubber gloves, applied petroleum jelly to protect Ma’s scalp, stroked in a clump of lye, and told my mother to hold on for as long as she could bear. Ma went off to college, leaving the house of my grandmother, a onetime domestic from Maryland’s Eastern Shore who had studied nursing in night school and owned her own home. The community of my youth was populated by women of similar ilk. Steve Hahn: If X, Then Why? Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention By Manning Marable (Viking Press, 594 pp., $30) When Malcolm X died in a hail of assassin’s gunfire at the Audubon Ballroom in February 1965, the mainstream media in the United States was quick to suggest that he reaped the harvest of bloodshed he had brazenly sown.
Calling him an “extremist,” “a demagogue,” a “racist,” and a “spiritual desperado,” commentators often insisted that Malcolm advocated the use of violence, regarded whites as “devils,” and was an embodiment—as a television series on the Nation of Islam had put it in 1959—of the “hate that hate produced.” An interview with Malcolm X’s daughter - News - Black History Month. Q: It's perhaps a little unfair to ask what you remember of your father, but what do you remember of him as a family man?
So much is made of him as a fire-breathing public figure. What personal dimensions of the man can you share? Shabazz: Of course I was in love with my father as a child. He was daddy and our house came alive in a special way whenever he walked through the door. He’d romp and play with us; my sisters and I would literally squeal with excitement when daddy came home. Remembering Malcolm X. Malcolm X was assassinated 47 years ago today, and his legacy somehow continues to be controversial both in mainstream America’s school of racial thought as well as within the black community.
America has come around in celebrating Martin Luther King’s legacy but still views Malcolm’s life as an opposing existence, demonstrating a laziness in thinking about how to address race in America during the turbulent 1960′s and even today. Combine that with the popularization of his life story by Spike Lee’s 1992 film and Malcolm continues to be one of the most polarizing figures in black history.
Manning Marable’s 2011 biography of the leader Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention was the culmination of twenty years of research for Marable and opened up a new stream of debate over Malcolm’s dealings with the parties who may have been responsible for his assassination and his supposed homosexuality. Misunderstanding Malcolm X. Joby Waldman of BBC radio station 1Xtra looks at the extraordinary life of Malcolm X and asks why his message has had such a lasting impact on generations of young people.
On 21 February 1965, Malcolm X was gunned down in broad daylight at a political rally at the Audobon Ballroom in Harlem, New York. The very embodiment of black power, Malcolm X gave his life for his cause. A freedom fighter, he was determined to achieve his aims - "by any means necessary," as he put it. In the four decades since his death, Malcolm's legacy has been kept alive in many different ways. In 1983, legendary drummer Keith Le Blanc made history by producing a rap record with no rappers. A decade later Malcolm hit the big screen with a feature film based on his autobiography.