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Can smart traffic and cars save lives? | IEC e-tech | March 2014. Huge human and economic cost According to the WHO (World Health Organization) around 1,3 mllion people die in road traffic accidents every year, with pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists accounting for half of the total. Most of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. The WHO estimates that road traffic fatalities will be the fifth leading cause of death by 2030. However, statistics can be misleading as the large numbers of victims reflect an exceptional growth in global road traffic in recent years. Overall in 25 European Union countries (i.e. not including the 3 to join most recently) road traffic deaths (including motorcyclists and non-motorists) fell by 54% between 1992 and 2009.
From passive... The falling rate of road traffic accidents observed in many countries is by and large the result of the gradual adoption of passive and active safety measures and devices. Seat belts and airbags are the best examples of passive safety devices. ...to active safety. Chris Urmson: How a driverless car sees the road. Accident Ahead? New Software Will Enable Cars To Make Coordinated Avoidance Maneuvers -- ScienceDaily. A road construction barrier falls over: The car driver can’t avoid it, since there are cars on the lane next to him. In future, a new software program will enable cars to coordinate maneuvers together in dangerous situations.
A child runs across the street without paying attention to the traffic, just as a car approaches at speed. It’s too late to slam on the brakes, and the driver can’t swerve either, as there is another car on the neighboring lane. An accident seems inevitable. The vehicles form a network via car-to-car communication and communicate automatically. For this system, the researchers are making use of cognitive automobiles that are autonomously driven for short periods of time.
Sudden dangers, such as a child running onto the road, are recognized not only by the car directly affected but also by the group coordinator. F102 ESAR komplett CD. Db185. The Development of Assessment Technologies for Advanced Safety Vehicles - Transport Research International Documentation - TRID. Abstract: Like many industrialized countries, the Republic of Korea (ROK) has implemented policy and research aimed at reducing the number of casualties caused by traffic accidents.
For example, ROK launched the project titled "Reduce traffic casualties by half in 10 years" in 2008, Sweden introduced the Vision Zero Policy in the late 1990s, and other European Union members have launched similar projects aimed at reducing traffic accident fatalities by between 30 to 50 percent. To reduce the number of casualties from road accidents requires improvements to vehicles, road and traffic managements systems. To expedite this process Intelligent Transport System has been adapted and implemented to the vehicles and road systems. Improving Pedestrian Safety Through Vehicle Design -- Edmunds.com. Although it may seem like a rare occurrence, a pedestrian being hit by a car is not really that unusual. In the U.S., 4,654 pedestrians were killed in motor vehicle collisions in 2007, while pedestrian accidents comprise about 11 percent of motor vehicle deaths annually, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).
The good news is that pedestrian deaths are declining, in part because vehicle designs have changed to reduce injuries when a car and pedestrian collide. While significant advancements in vehicle occupant safety have been made in recent years, some automakers are now also putting the focus on people outside the vehicle, in part because regulations overseas, particularly in Europe, require such designs. With an increasing number of vehicles sold globally (as opposed to only in one country or region of the world), it makes good economic sense to build vehicles to meet as many different governmental standards as possible. Fatal Car Accidents Decline In 3 Years As Vehicle Design Improves: The Best And Worst Cars To Drive. Due to the newest vehicle designs, your chances of dying in a car accident have fallen by more than a third over the past three years, the latest statistics from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) reveal.
According to IIHS calculations, 7,700 fewer driver deaths occurred in 2012 alone (the latest statistical year) than if vehicles had remained the same since 1985. The chart below tells the story: Driver deaths per millions Insurance Institute for Highway Safety After estimating which factors might have impacted declining death rates between 1985 and 2012, Institute researchers suggest vehicle changes were the main source of declining risk from 1993 through 2006.
These changes include improved structural designs, the addition of safety features, and an evolving mix of vehicle types. In fact, nine 2011 models showed driver death rates of zero. However, IIHS warns, the gap between the safest and riskiest models remains wide, as you can see from the two charts below: Car safety features explained. Safety is a crucial factor in choosing a new car. We explain the raft of safety features available so you can have confidence in your choice. Put us to the test Our Test Labs compare features and prices on a range of products. Try Which? To unlock our reviews. You'll instantly be able to compare our test scores, so you can make sure you don't get stuck with a Don't Buy. Get the Which? Browsing the options list of a new car, it can be tempting to choose high-end entertainment kit and technology and overlook advanced safety features. And while it’s never nice to think about the worst that might happen on the road, ensuring your car has the right safety features can make all the difference in a collision.
Thankfully, cars have never been safer, and manufacturers are continually developing vehicle technology to not only mitigate the effects of a collision but, in some cases, avoid one altogether. Much of this technology is included as standard, but often varies from model to model. Knee airbags. Death rates fall as vehicles improve. The chances of dying in a crash in a late-model vehicle have fallen by more than a third in three years, the latest IIHS calculations of driver death rates show. Among 2011 models, a record nine vehicles have driver death rates of zero. However, the gap between the safest and riskiest models remains wide, and three cars have death rates exceeding 100 per million registered vehicle years. Improved vehicle designs and safety technology have a lot to do with the continuing decline in fatality risk.
In a related study, Institute researchers estimated how much of the decline was due to changes in the vehicle fleet during 1985-2012. They found that vehicle changes — including improved structural designs, the addition of safety features and an evolving mix of vehicle types — were the main source of declining risk from 1993 through 2006. These changes continued to contribute to later declines as well, though other factors such as the weak economy also appear to have played a role.
Connected car report 2016: Opportunities, risk, and turmoil on the road to autonomous vehicles. By Richard Viereckl, Dietmar Ahlemann, Alex Koster, Evan Hirsh, Felix Kuhnert, Joachim Mohs, Marco Fischer, Walter Gerling, Kaushik Gnanasekaran, Julia Kusber, Juliane Stephan, David Crusius, Henning Kerstan, Trent Warnke, Manuel Schulte, Jonas Seyfferth, Edward H.
Baker Published: September 28, 2016 Executive summary The race to build the fully connected car, and ultimately the completely autonomous vehicle, is already under way. Today, 70 percent of global connected service sales come from premium brands. The report is divided into seven sections, each of which focuses on one key question about the opportunities and risks to be found in the industry’s business models, ecosystem, market growth, geographic distribution, and technologies involved in developing the connected car: How does technological change affect the distribution of value in the rapidly restructuring automotive industry? Automakers, suppliers, and technology companies are beginning to jockey for position. Core or noncore? Jennifer Healey: If cars could talk, accidents might be avoidable.