Building peace in the minds of men and women. BRICS - Wikipedia. BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
Originally the first four were grouped as "BRIC" (or "the BRICs"), before the induction of South Africa in 2010. The BRICS members are all leading developing or newly industrialized countries, but they are distinguished by their large, sometimes fast-growing economies and significant influence on regional affairs; all five are G-20 members. Since 2009, the BRICS nations have met annually at formal summits. China will host the 9th BRICS summit in Xiamen in September 2017. The term does not include countries such as South Korea, Mexico and Turkey for which other acronyms and group associations were later created. History Council on Foreign Relations.
The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an American nonprofit, nonpartisan membership organization, publisher, and think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs.
The CFR is considered to be the nation's "most influential foreign-policy think tank". Its membership has included senior politicians, more than a dozen Secretaries of State, CIA directors, bankers, lawyers, professors, and senior media figures. The CFR regularly convenes meetings at which government officials, global business leaders and prominent members of the intelligence/foreign-policy community discuss major international issues. Cross-Border Inter-Bank Payments System - Wikipedia. The Cross-Border Interbank Payment System (CIPS) is a payment system which, offers clearing and settlement services for its participants’ in cross-border RMB payments and trade.
It is a significant financial market infrastructure in China. As planned, CIPS will be developed in two phases. On 8th October 2015, CIPS (Phase I) went live. The first batch of direct participants includes 19 Chinese and foreign banks which were set up in mainland China and 176 indirect participants which cover 6 continents and 47 countries and regions.
On 25th March 2016, CIPS signed an MoU with SWIFT with mutual understanding of deploying SWIFT as a secure, efficient and reliable communication channel for CIPS’s connection with SWIFT’s members, which would provide a network that enables financial institutions worldwide to send and receive information about financial transactions in a secure, standardised and reliable environment. Military Strength Comparison. Simply select a country from the two available dropdown lists below to begin your comparison of national firepowers.
A total of 126 countries currently make up the GFP ranked list. Popular Comparions: India vs Pakistan, North Korea vs South Korea, US vs China, Japan vs China, UK vs Argentina, US vs Russia, France vs Germany Sources: CIA.gov, CIA World Factbook, wikipedia.com, public domain print and media sources and user contributions. Some values may be estimated when official sources are lacking. ©2006-2017 www.GlobalFirepower.com. Global Firepower Military Ranks - 2016. The finalized ranking relies on over 50 factors to determine a given nation's Power Index ("PwrIndx") score.
This allows smaller, though more technologically-advanced, nations to compete with larger, lesser-developed ones. Modifiers in the form of bonuses and penalties are added to refine the list. Some things to observe in regards to the finalized ranking: As of 4/1/2016 there are a total of (126) countries included in the GFP database. Sources: CIA.gov, CIA World Factbook, wikipedia.com, public domain print and media sources and user contributions. . ©2006-2017 www.GlobalFirepower.com. Global Firepower - 2016 World Military Strength Rankings. List of modern great powers - Wikipedia. In a modern context, recognized great powers came about first in Europe during the post-Napoleonic era. The formalization of the division between small powers and great powers came about with the signing of the Treaty of Chaumont in 1814.
The historical terms "Great Nation", a distinguished aggregate of people inhabiting a particular country or territory, and "Great Empire", a considerable group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, are colloquial; their use is seen in ordinary historical conversations (historical jargon). Early modern powers Early Modern history France 1450s–1815 France was a dominant empire possessing many colonies in various locations around the world. Early French victories exported many ideological features of the French Revolution throughout Europe. Historians have estimated the death toll from the Napoleonic Wars to be 6.5 million people, or 15% of the French Empire's subjects. Modern Venetian Republic Great power - Wikipedia. A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.
Great powers characteristically possess military and economic strength, as well as diplomatic and soft power influence, which may cause middle or small powers to consider the great powers' opinions before taking actions of their own. International relations theorists have posited that great power status can be characterized into power capabilities, spatial aspects, and status dimensions. While some nations are widely considered to be great powers, there is no definitive list of them. The term "great power" was first used to represent the most important powers in Europe during the post-Napoleonic era.
The World's Billionaires - Wikipedia. The net worth of the world's billionaires increased from less than $1 trillion in 2000 to over $7 trillion in 2015 The World's Billionaires is an annual ranking of the world's wealthiest people, compiled and published every March by the American business magazine Forbes.
Richest billionaires - Forbes 2016 World's Billionaires List Top 10 - Pictures. G20 - Wikipedia. The G20 (or G-20 or Group of Twenty) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies.
It was founded in 1999 with the aim of studying, reviewing, and promoting high-level discussion of policy issues pertaining to the promotion of international financial stability. It seeks to address issues that go beyond the responsibilities of any one organization. The G20 heads of government or heads of state have periodically conferred at summits since their initial meeting in 2008, and the group also hosts separate meetings of finance ministers and central bank governors. The heads of the G20 nations met semi-annually at G20 summits between 2009 and 2010. Since the November 2011 Cannes summit, all G20 summits have been held annually. International Labour Organization. Council on Foreign Relations.
Foreign Affairs. INTERNATIONAL FORUM ON GLOBALIZATION. IM. INTERNATIONAL FORUM ON GLOBALIZATION. Globalization - Wikipedia. EUROPA - European Union website, the official EU website. Welcome to the United Nations.