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The American Dream Is Dead: Here’s Where It Went. Look at a list of rags-to-riches billionaires, from Oprah to Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz, from immigrant investor George Soros to Jay-Z, and you’ll see a common thread.

The American Dream Is Dead: Here’s Where It Went

They all, by definition, made it. Hence, their classic American stories are self-fulfilling tales that allow them to package stories about their hustle and hard-won riches as an example to others. Why the white middle class is dying faster, explained in 6 charts. Librarians are realizing that overdue fines undercut libraries’ missions. Photo illustration by Slate.

Librarians are realizing that overdue fines undercut libraries’ missions.

Images via jmbatt, simo988/iStock. The New Face of American Unemployment. Tyler Moore’s late-December drive to Louisville, Ky., was one of desperation.

The New Face of American Unemployment

He was headed four hours west on Interstate 64 to interview for a job. Even if he landed the position, filling his gas tank had left him with $8 to his name. This Map of U.S. Lynchings Spans 1835 to 1964. The practice wasn’t limited to the South, as this new visualization of racial violence in the Jim Crow era proves.

This Map of U.S. Lynchings Spans 1835 to 1964

Lynchings formed the bloody backdrop of Southern life for a century after the Civil War. Between the 1860s and 1960s, thousands of black Americans were killed in public acts of racial terror. Millions more fled to cities in the North and West in an effort to escape this environment. Watch Asian Americans recount racist microaggressions they experience every day. Watch This 10-Minute Film to Understand the Attack on Voting Rights. Election history will be made in less than five weeks, and not just because voters may choose the nation's first female president.

Watch This 10-Minute Film to Understand the Attack on Voting Rights

This will be the first presidential election in 50 years where citizens will cast their ballots without the protections of key portions of the Voting Rights Act. Signed into law in August 1965, the law was designed to help racial minorities overcome decades of racism and discrimination in registering to vote and casting ballots. The law sought to do a whole host of things to expand and protect voting rights, and chief among them was a provision that blocked jurisdictions with a history of discrimination from enacting new voting procedures or laws without the review of the US Department of Justice or a federal judge. But in 2013 the US Supreme Court, in Shelby County v. Holder, gutted Section 5, ruling that the formula used to determine which states and jurisdictions needed to get laws precleared was unconstitutional.

The American Soul Is a Murderous Soul. Half of Wisconsin's Black Neighborhoods Are Jails. 17-year-old Lew Blank researched race and housing in his state and found some disturbing patterns. 17-year-old Lew Blank was fiddling around with the Weldon Cooper Center’s Racial Dot Map when he discovered something disturbing about Wisconsin, where he lives: More than half of the African-American neighborhoods in the state are actually jails.

Half of Wisconsin's Black Neighborhoods Are Jails

Not only that, but the rest of the black neighborhoods across the state are either apartment complexes, Section 8 housing, or homeless shelters—the lone exception being a working-middle class section of Milwaukee. Sharing this info on the Young, Gifted, and Black Coalition’s blog, Blank explains that he used the Racial Dot Map to identify where predominantly black neighborhoods—defined as “a certain area where the majority of residents are African Americans”—are located throughout the state. Michigan judge strikes down straight-party voting ban. Photo by JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images It’s official: The week of the Republican National Convention has been a terrific week for voting rights in the United States.

Michigan judge strikes down straight-party voting ban.

Not because of the RNC—the GOP platform explicitly endorses voter suppression laws—but because federal courts across the country have struck down state measures designed to make voting harder for minorities. First, a federal judge found that Wisconsin’s stringent voter ID laws placed an undue burden on many citizens’ fundamental right to vote; then an appeals court found that Texas’ even more draconian voter ID law had a discriminatory effect on minority communities in violation of the Voting Rights Act. Now a federal judge in Michigan has invalidated the state’s ban on straight-party voting, finding that the law violates both the Voting Rights Act and the United States Constitution. The Virginia driver’s license scheme that punishes poor people.

Karen Bleier/AFP/Getty Images In the aftermath of the death of Michael Brown and subsequent events in Ferguson, the Justice Department revealed a shocking bit of news: Missouri police departments were systematically issuing trivial fines and court costs against their very poorest citizens to raise revenue for local government functions.

The Virginia driver’s license scheme that punishes poor people.

Ta-Nehisi Coates described this at the time as “plunder made legal,” and on Friday, one neighboring municipality agreed to pay $4.7 million to 2,000 citizens who had faced such abuse. Perhaps the worst part of the Missouri grift lay in the revelation that this system was keeping some of the state’s very poorest citizens from any possibility of ever emerging out of a bottomless spiral of destitution, homelessness, and debt. Ferguson and other municipalities were essentially criminalizing being poor.

Donald Trump and the Meaning of Protectionism. On June 28, Donald Trump delivered a speech of uncharacteristic narrative coherence to an audience in Monessen, Pennsylvania, a small city that used to specialize in steel manufacturing.

Donald Trump and the Meaning of Protectionism

He attributed the area’s economic troubles to a variety of causes originating outside the state of Pennsylvania, including NAFTA, trade with China, and illegal Mexican immigration. Like a Medieval pathologist, Trump identified a real affliction and prescribed a remedy that could kill the patient. Trump’s core demographic, white men without a college degree, have been battered by several decades of globalization and technological change. But his ideas are the equivalent of bloodletting, according to many economists.

Millions of people would lose their jobs under Trump’s economic plans, and trade wars would raise prices and punish companies that rely on exports. What Do 'Black-on-Black Crime' and the 'Ferguson Effect' Have To Do With Police Violence? In discussing the current wave of public demonstrations against police violence overtaking city downtowns and highways, some law-and-order absolutists have attempted to derail productive conversation in a number of ways.

What Do 'Black-on-Black Crime' and the 'Ferguson Effect' Have To Do With Police Violence?

One person who’s been trying to keep the conversation on track is the University of Missouri-St. Louis criminology professor Richard Rosenfeld, who is considered an expert on matters of urban violence. Rosenfeld has written dozens of books and studies on this topic, dating back to his seminal 1975 article “On the Social Mechanisms of White Supremacy” for the academic journal The Pacific Sociological Review. When the term “Ferguson Effect” first made its way into the national vocabulary last summer Rosenfeld penned a study that debunked its central premise: That crime began rising after the outcry in Ferguson over the police-involved killing of Michael Brown.

More recently, he produced a report for the U.S. White Trash: The 400-Year Untold History of Class in America by Nancy Isenberg, reviewed. Will Counts/Indiana University Archives. American is becoming a majority-minority nation. It’s already happened in our public schools. If you want to know what America will look like in a generation, look at its classrooms right now.

In 2014, children of color became the new majority in America’s public schools. Over the last 20 years, the number of Hispanic public schoolchildren has more than doubled, and the number of Asians has swelled by 56 percent. The number of black students and American Indians grew far more modestly—but the number of white students fell by about 15 percent. The majority-minority milestone has arrived in our public schools early—a consequence of white children’s overrepresentation in private schools and the relative youth of America’s black and Hispanic populations. What in the World: Segregation in 2016? Forbes Welcome. Experts Share Their Outlooks on K-12 Education in an Era of Broken Schools. It’s been a tumultuous year for America’s schools—one marked by an expanding minority-student population, an increasingly discontent teaching force, a backlash against standardized testing, and shifting understanding of education reform.

It’s seen greater attention on areas traditionally dismissed as nonessential: things like early-childhood education, after-school programs, and project-based learning. It’s also seen evolving attitudes toward discipline, with tactics such as restorative justice starting to replace zero-tolerance approaches, including in high-poverty urban districts. Debates over how to address disparities in achievement have been highly politicized. The ed-tech market has continued to grow. Education is often touted as a means for boosting social mobility and making communities more equal, but inequality in school funding and resources has made that difficult to achieve, especially amid increasing poverty rates.

10153803_940424502687063_8266387530982258470_n.jpg (JPEG Image, 960 × 670 pixels) America’s transportation system discriminates against minorities and poor: Federal funding for roads, buses, and mass transit still segregates Americans. Photo by Joshua Lott/AFP/Getty Images At the easternmost edge of Lake Erie, where the lake meets the Niagara River, the Peace Bridge connects the United States and Canada.