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PSY207e TMA02 Cognitive Abilities

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What are Cognitive Skills and Abilities? By: Dr.

What are Cognitive Skills and Abilities?

Pascale Michelon What is cog­ni­tion? Cog­ni­tion has to do with how a per­son under­stands the world and acts in it. It is the set of men­tal abil­i­ties or process­es that are part of near­ly every human action while we are awake. Cog­ni­tive abil­i­ties are brain-based skills we need to car­ry out any task from the sim­plest to the most com­plex. Cog­ni­tive abil­i­ties or skills are sup­port­ed by spe­cif­ic neu­ronal net­works. In the table below you can browse through the main brain func­tions involved in cog­ni­tion. With age, some cog­ni­tive abil­i­ties tend to decline, espe­cial­ly the so-called exec­u­tive func­tions, Picture of cognitive skills :) What is COGNITIVE SKILL? What does COGNITIVE SKILL mean? COGNITIVE SKILL meaning & explanation. Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) causes a slight but noticeable and measurable decline in cognitive abilities, including memory and thinking skills.

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

A person with MCI is at an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's or another dementia. About mild cognitive impairment Mild cognitive impairment causes cognitive changes that are serious enough to be noticed to the person affected and to family members and friends, but do not affect the individual’s ability to carry out everyday activities. Approximately 15% to 20% of people age 65 or older have MCI. People living with MCI, especially MCI involving memory problems, are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias than people without MCI. Learn more: Types of Dementia, What Is Alzheimer's? Symptoms Experts classify mild cognitive impairment based on the thinking skills affected:

Screen for dementia only when signs appear: MOH, Health News. There is no need to be screened for dementia if you are not showing any symptoms suggestive of it, say local authorities.

Screen for dementia only when signs appear: MOH, Health News

This comes even as a growing number of people are diagnosed with the brain disorder as the population ages, and plans for screening other conditions en masse get under way. Come September, people can get tested for up to five common conditions, including diabetes and cervical cancer, at clinics islandwide. The aim is to allow for early intervention so as to prevent the onset of serious health complications and disability such as limb amputation, kidney failure, stroke and blindness.

TODAYonline. SINGAPORE — Once regarded as a condition affecting mostly those aged over 65, a growing number of younger patients have been diagnosed with dementia in recent years. Last year, the National Neuroscience Institute (NNI) Neuroscience Clinic (Tan Tock Seng Hospital Campus) saw 179 patients aged 65 and below for young-onset dementia, approximately a fivefold increase from 2011. Singapore has one of the fastest-ageing populations in the Asia-Pacific region, and the number of people living with dementia is expected to double by 2030.

The term young-onset dementia is used to describe dementia that occurs in patients aged 65 and below. The most common form is Alzheimer’s disease, and some of the youngest patients diagnosed with it are in their 40s, said Dr Adeline Ng, a consultant at NNI’s Department of Neurology. “Due to the younger onset age of the disease, many patients may still be in employment and may have young families. Mrs Jenny Lau (not her real name), 60, has young-onset dementia. ‘Hearts and minds’: association, causation and implication of cognitive impairment in heart failure. Women Suffer Higher Rates of Cognitive Decline in Alzheimer’s Disease. The rates of regional brain loss and cognitive decline caused by aging and the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are higher for women and for people with a key genetic risk factor for AD, say researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine in a study published online July 4 in the American Journal of Neuroradiology.

Women Suffer Higher Rates of Cognitive Decline in Alzheimer’s Disease

The linkage between APOE ε4 – which codes for a protein involved in binding lipids or fats in the lymphatic and circulatory systems – was already documented as the strongest known genetic risk factor for sporadic AD, the most common form of the disease. But the connection between the sex of a person and AD has been less-well recognized, according to the UC San Diego scientists. “APOE ε4 has been known to lower the age of onset and increase the risk of getting the disease,” said the study’s first author Dominic Holland, PhD, a researcher in the Department of Neurosciences at UC San Diego School of Medicine.

Co-authors include Rahul S. Middle-age hearing loss linked to dementia. (Reuters Health) - Hearing loss in middle age is associated with higher odds of cognitive decline and dementia in later years, suggests a large study in Taiwan.

Middle-age hearing loss linked to dementia

Researchers tracked more than 16,000 men and women and found that a new diagnosis of hearing loss between ages 45 and 65 more than doubled the odds of a dementia diagnosis in the next dozen years. Even mild levels of hearing loss could be a risk factor, so hearing protection, screening and hearing aids may be important means of reducing cognitive risk as well, the study team writes in JAMA Network Open. Geriatric Medicine. Geriatrics - Khoo Teck Puat Hospital Singapore. Geriatric Medicine has been set up to cater to the health needs of the elderly in Singapore.

geriatrics - Khoo Teck Puat Hospital Singapore

Our vision is to add healthy life to older people through comprehensive geriatric care, education and research. We cater to elderly people aged 65 and above with geriatric syndromes, including those with difficulties in walking, frequent falls, memory difficulties, incontinence and multiple medical problems resulting in recent changes in function and self-care. Patients aged 78 and above with acute medical problems may also be admitted to our wards. We adopt a multi-disciplinary approach in patient care, involving doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, dietitians, pharmacists, podiatrists and medical social workers.

Besides comprehensive geriatric assessment, we believe in the importance of rehabilitation for the elderly and our geriatric services are located near therapy areas to facilitate rehabilitation. Geriatric Medicine. Dementia What is dementia?

Geriatric Medicine

Dementia is a general term used to describe a set of symptoms which is often progressive. These symptoms often include:

NGOs in Singapore that focuses on older adults care :)

Courses for Senior Citizens in Singapore - SkillsFuture Courses for Seniors. Courses for Senior Citizens Facebook Twitter Email Pinterest LinkedIn Reddit WhatsApp Gmail Telegram Pocket Mix Tumblr Amazon Wish List AOL Mail Balatarin BibSonomy Bitty Browser Blinklist Blogger BlogMarks Buffer Care2 News CiteULike Copy Link Design Float Diary.Ru Diaspora Digg Diigo Douban Draugiem DZone Evernote Facebook Messenger Fark Flipboard Folkd Google Bookmarks Google Classroom Hacker News Hatena Houzz Instapaper Kakao Kik Kindle It Known Line LiveJournal Mail.Ru Mastodon Mendeley Meneame MeWe Mixi MySpace Netvouz Odnoklassniki Papaly Pinboard Plurk Print PrintFriendly Protopage Bookmarks Pusha Qzone Rediff MyPage Refind Renren Sina Weibo SiteJot Skype Slashdot SMS StockTwits Svejo Symbaloo Bookmarks Threema Trello Tuenti Twiddla TypePad Post Viadeo Viber VK Wanelo WeChat WordPress Wykop XING Yahoo Mail Yoolink Yummly.

Courses for Senior Citizens in Singapore - SkillsFuture Courses for Seniors

National Silver Academy-Short Courses. WHAT : Short courses can range from 3 hours to as long as 12 weeks.

National Silver Academy-Short Courses

The short courses touch on a wide range of areas including both life-skills as well as work-skills. Topics covered by the courses include, but are not limited to, business, media, IT, health and wellness and the arts. WHO: For short courses offered by PSEIs, Singaporean seniors aged 50 and above will receive a subsidy of 50% off course fee (capped at $500 per course). For courses run by community-based organisations, the final fee payable by seniors (both Singaporeans and PRs) takes into account the support given by the government to community-based organisations to develop and offer the short courses.

COURSE SUBSIDY : Please note that the government subsidy will only apply to the course fee portion and will not cover GST. REGISTRATION PROCESS: The registration process may differ depending on each course provider. Use SkillsFuture Credit for classes, seniors urged, Singapore News. Older Singaporeans can use their $500 SkillsFuture Credit to pay for "life-ready" classes, such as those on using Whatsapp and Facebook, at community clubs.

Use SkillsFuture Credit for classes, seniors urged, Singapore News

"Life in the smart nation can be quite different from the living environment today," said Manpower Minister Lim Swee Say at a grassroots event at Bedok Community Club yesterday. He urged older residents to use their credit to learn how to remain connected in an increasingly technological society so "they would not be excluded from the Smart Nation initiative", referring to Singapore's push to use the latest technology to benefit the country. So far, more than 1,000 residents have signed up for classes at 15 clubs since the SkillsFuture Credit scheme kicked in earlier this month. Participants can choose from courses in areas such as IT, fashion and languages. Seniors aged 50 and above, after receiving subsidies, need to pay fees starting from only $10, for some courses.

Watch your nutrition

Exercise frequently. Play video games with your children or relatives. Do meditation and yoga. Do more mental activities! Peer reviewed articles :)