Communication Professor: The Value of Critical and Creative Thinking. One accepted definition says critical thinking examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions.
With this definition as a foundation, the following discussion includes a critical thinker’s attributes and frameworks that help develop critical thinking skills. Characteristics of Critical Thinking Critical thinkers usually do the following: Ask pertinent questions. POLL: Should Albuquerque bring back a teen curfew? ALBUQUERQUE, N.M.
—At least one city leader says it's time to put a teen curfew back on the books after three violent shootings in the last month. In those deadly shootings, teens were either the victims or suspects. Now, city Councilor Ken Sanchez wants to work with state lawmakers to bring a curfew back. In the 1990s, Albuquerque had a curfew for teenagers, but the American Civil Liberties Union fought to strike it down and won. A Status Report on Youth Curfews in America's Cities: A 347-City Survey. Many cities have imposed youth curfews in recent years.
A 1995 survey by The U.S. Conference of Mayors found that 272 cities, 70 percent of those surveyed, had a nighttime curfew. Fifty-seven percent of these cities considered their curfew effective. Since that survey was done the trend toward establishing curfews—both nighttime and daytime—has continued and more is known about their impact. This report updates the 1995 survey and provides additional information on the effectiveness of those curfews.
The 1997 survey gathered information from 347 cities with a population over 30,000. Curfews don't keep kids out of trouble. Youth curfews are popular.
In poll after poll, Americans support laws that restrict teenagers' activities during certain hours of the day and night. Youth curfews are also logical. If youngsters are getting into trouble, it makes sense to get them off the streets. Reasons for Teen Curfews. Institute for Writing and Rhetoric. OP-ED: Why Don’t Youth Curfews Work? Forget constitutional rights or fairness; doesn’t it seem logical that a curfew requiring police to remove an entire group of people from public spaces for hours would at least reduce public crimes and safety risks involving that group?
National Youth Rights Association » Curfew FAQ. We have curfews?
What are they? Curfews usually exist only in times of national emergency or military occupation. On June 14, 1940 when the Germans occupied Paris they imposed an 8 o’clock curfew. Curfew. Curfew Curfews have reemerged recently as a popular option for policymakers in their efforts to deter juvenile victimization and delinquency.
Imposed on and off since the turn of the century, curfews tend to receive increased attention when there is a perceived need for more stringent efforts at social control. For example, curfew ordinances were originally enacted in the 1890's to decrease crime among immigrant youth. During World War II, curfews were perceived as an effective control for parents who were busy helping with the war effort.
More recent interest in juvenile curfew ordinances came as a response to growing juvenile crime during the 1970's.48 Many States have laws enabling localities to enact curfew ordinances, with Georgia, Minnesota, Ohio, Tennessee, and Texas recently enacting laws of this sort, according to NCSL.49 Only Hawaii has enacted statewide curfew legislation. National Youth Rights Association » Curfew FAQ. Curfews don't keep kids out of trouble. Oakland, Berkeley, Bay Area & California. In the aftermath of the tragic daytime shooting of three-year-old Carlos Nava this summer, Oakland Councilmen Larry Reid and Ignacio De La Fuente renewed their call for a youth curfew in the city.
Even though the suspects in Nava's killing are adults, the councilmen contend that Oakland police need as many law enforcement tools as possible to cope with this year's spike in violent crime. Their proposal, which would make it illegal for youth under the age of eighteen to be out past 10 p.m. without a parent or guardian, also has been endorsed recently by the Oakland Tribune editorial board, and has been pushed by Tribune columnist Tammerlin Drummond and San Francisco Chronicle columnist Chip Johnson. A Status Report on Youth Curfews in America's Cities: A 347-City Survey. Affirming the Consequent. Taxonomy: Logical Fallacy > Formal Fallacy > Propositional Fallacy > Affirming the Consequent Sibling Fallacy: Denying the Antecedent Alias:
Fallacies. A fallacy is a kind of error in reasoning.
The list of fallacies contains 209 names of the most common fallacies, and it provides brief explanations and examples of each of them. Fallacies should not be persuasive, but they often are. Fallacies may be created unintentionally, or they may be created intentionally in order to deceive other people.
The vast majority of the commonly identified fallacies involve arguments, although some involve explanations, or definitions, or other products of reasoning. Children in Adult Prison. Print E-Mail Share Across the United States, thousands of children have been sentenced as adults and sent to adult prisons. Stats - Does Treating Kids Like Adults Make A Difference? Two assumptions are behind recent legislation passed in many U.S. states which make it easier to try juvenile offenders as adults.
Young offenders will receive sentences in the adult criminal system which are harsher and more proportional to their crimes. The threat of this harsher punishment will result in lowered juvenile crime rates. Although there has not been extensive research into the deterrent effects of the stricter laws, the evidence that does exist indicates that deterrent effects are minimal or nonexistent, and that, in fact, trying juveniles in criminal court may actually result in higher rates of reoffending.
To date, there's no extensive research comparing the lengths of prison sentences received by juveniles convicted in criminal court with those who remained in the juvenile system. The Trouble With Trying Children as Adults. There are numerous issues surrounding trying juveniles as adults – particularly in cases where the possibility of life without parole exists. The ideas that shaped juvenile justice for over a hundred years have been degraded and attacked, particularly in state government, with a view that juveniles deserve harsher punishment.
These ideas fit the overarching “tough on crime” view of many politicians (and often their constituents). But does this view reflect reality, or is it a political convenience that preys on the pain of victims and the fear of the public?