Walter Gropius. UPDATE: In honor of the 81st anniversary of the day the Bauhaus closed in 1933, we’re re-publishing this popular infographic, which was originally published April 16th, 2012. From the “starchitect” to “architecture for the 99%,” we are witnessing a shift of focus in the field of architecture. However, it’s in the education system where these ideas really take root and grow.
This sea change inspired us to explore past movements, influenced by economic shifts, war and the introduction of new technologies, and take a closer look at the bauhaus movement. Often associated with being anti-industrial, the Arts and Crafts Movement had dominated the field before the start of the Bauhaus in 1919. The Bauhaus not only impacted design and architecture on an international level, but also revolutionized the way design schools conceptualize education as a means of imparting an integrated design approach where form follows function.
A visual dictionary of architecture. Elora Hardy: Magical houses, made of bamboo. Contemporary Buildings. Contemporary Building – International Style + Modernism New Architecture – style + meaning : what do this term mean? Contemporary Building This site focuses on contemporary buildings around the world. However, a basic understanding of what ‘contemporary’ often denotes is useful. Picture from architects To take an example, Le Corbusier would consider his main body of buildings (middle period anyway, around the thirties) to reflect the times in the same way the planes and cars did, but other architects’ contemporaneous buildings – in say the Classical style – to not be ‘contemporary’. In fact many current buildings reuse Modern typographies ie stylistic devices from the International Style.
‘Contemporary Buildings’ suggests forms and spaces that are anti-vernacular, comfortable with new materials and non-local materials & forms, using architectural language that is not generally steeped in past typographies or traditions. Contemporary Architects – Definition Summary Frank Gehry image from STV. 25 Contemporary Building Designs That Are Making A Splash In The Architecture World. It's that time of year again, folks. When our pals at Arch Daily sift through the world's best building designs in an effort to pinpoint the year's most impressive feats of architecture. Now, after a whopping 3,500 nominations for projects around the globe, the Building of the Year Awards is open to the public. Readers can vote for their favorite design spanning categories like commercial, educational and religious architecture, not to mention housing, offices, refurbishment and more. The entire list of contenders can be seen here, but we've compiled a list of our 25 favorites for your viewing pleasure.
Behold, 25 of the world's best new buildings: 1. . © Adam Mõrk 2. . © FG+SG – Fernando Guerra, Sergio Guerra 3. . © Patrick Bingham-Hall 4. . © João Morgado 5. . © Alberto Heras 6. . © Greg Richardson 7. Courtesy of Iñaqui Carnicero Architecture Office 8. . © David Sundberg/Esto 9. . © Peter Bennetts 10. . © Hufton+Crow 11. . © Iwan Baan 12. . © Peter Clarke 13. . © Max Lerouge – LMCU 15. . © Christian Richters 16. 17. 18. 19.
Le Corbusier. Frank Lloyd Wright, Fallingwater | Architecture. Frank Lloyd Wright, Fallingwater (Edgar J. Kaufmann House), 1935-38, Bear Run, Pennsylvania (photo: Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Library of Congress #LC-DIG-highsm-04261)Perched above a mountain cataract on a rocky hillside deep in the rugged forest of Southwestern Pennsylvania, some 90 minutes from Pittsburgh, is America’s most famous house. The commission for Fallingwater was a personal milestone for the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, since it clearly marked a turning point in his career. After this late-career triumph, the sixty-seven year old would go on to create a series of highly original designs that would validate his claim as “The world’s greatest architect.” “the greatest architect of the nineteenth-century” —Philip Johnson The mid-1930s were among the darkest years for architecture and architects in American history; the country’s financial system had collapsed with the failure of hundreds of banks.
A fellowship and a commission Fastest draw in the Midwest Influences. Frank Lloyd Wright - Fallingwater, house over waterfall. Fallingwater | What is Fallingwater? Why is it so famous? It's a house that doesn’t even appear to stand on solid ground, but instead stretches out over a 30’ waterfall. It captured everyone’s imagination when it was on the cover of Time magazine in 1938. The Kaufmanns were from Pittsburgh, PA. They owned Kaufmann’s Department Store, a very exciting and elegant place to shop in the 1930s. (Today, it is part of the Macy’s chain). Edgar Kaufmann and his wife, Liliane, had one son, Edgar jr. The Kaufmanns lived in the city, but like many other Pittsburghers, they loved to vacation in the mountains southeast of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh at the time was sometimes called the “Smoky City,” due to the amount of air pollution from Pittsburgh’s steel industry. The Kaufmanns had a summer camp for the department store employees, located along a mountain stream called Bear Run.
Their summer camp home had been a very small cabin with no heat and no running water. They turned to Frank Lloyd Wright to design it for them. Wright on the Web. Museo di Orsay - Gae Aulenti. Gae Aulenti obituary | Art and design. Gae Aulenti, the Italian architect of the Musée d'Orsay in Paris and a prolific designer of furniture, lighting and theatre sets, has died aged 84. Aulenti was one of the few women working in architecture and design in postwar Italy and her talents found a vast range of outlets, from showrooms for Fiat and Olivetti to sets for La Scala, the opera house in Milan, to private villas for the rich.
But it is for her work in museums and exhibition design that she was best known – and for her largest project, which also proved to be her most divisive. She was chosen in 1981 to convert the Beaux Arts-style Gare d'Orsay railway station in Paris into a new home for impressionist art. Her proposal transformed the cavernous central hall, a magnificent barrel-vaulted train shed lit by arching rooflights, into an open exhibition space, with the insertion of modern industrial materials. "Aulenti has indulged herself in an aggressive orgy of ornamental excess," declared the Architects' Journal. I. M. Pei. I. M. Pei (b. Canton, China 1917) Ieoh Ming Pei was born in Canton, China in 1917.
Pei worked as an instructor and then as an assistant professor at Harvard before he joined Webb & Knapp Inc. in New York in 1948. Due to his reliance on abstract form and materials such as stone, concrete, glass, and steel, Pei has been considered a disciple of Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, both of whom he studied with at Harvard. After building largely in concrete for many years, more recently Pei designed many sophisticated glass-clad buildings loosely related to the high-tech movement. References Dennis Sharp. Adolf K Placzek. Details AIA Architecture Firm Award, 1968AIA Gold Medal, 1979. The chinese-born american architect ieoh ming pei. I.m.pei the chinese-born american architect ieoh ming pei is one of the most prolific architects of our times, an architect who has incorporated both eastern and western ideas into his designs. his buildings are a testament to how the convergence of two great traditions, the asian and the european, can create new aesthetic standards. in these month the world is looking at the state of the works of the german historical museum in berlin, here is the link to the museums webcam biography ieoh ming pei was born in april 26th, 1917 in canton, china, son of a prominent banker. his grandfather gave him several advices as 'wherever you go, go with your hart' and 'if one day you are doing important things, always do them by means of virtue and you will be like the north star, which keeps its place while all other stars turn towards it.' pei emigrated to the us at 17 to study architecture at m.i.t. 1 of 6 pages on i.m.pei, click on the icons to see more.
Daniel Libeskind at TEDxDUBLIN. Daniel Libeskind: 17 words of architectural inspiration. Libeskind wins Canada's National Holocaust Monument contest. News: a design team featuring architect Daniel Libeskind and artist Edward Burtynsky has triumphed in a competition to design a National Holocaust Monument for Ottawa, Canada. The team led by museum planner Gail Dexter-Lord, which also features landscape architect Claude Cormier and university scholar Doris Berger, saw off entries from architect David Adjaye, designer Ron Arad and architect Gilles Saucier to land the commission for the monument.
Entitled Landscape of Loss, Memory and Survival, the winning proposal is based on the form of a Star of David and will be prominently located in the heart of the Canadian capital, opposite the Canadian War Museum. The six points of the star are intended to "provides a unique theme and ambiance for interpretation, contemplation and artistic expression" and together will frame a large gathering space. The official inauguration of the monument is scheduled for autumn 2015. Work - Libeskind. Daniel Libeskind news, architecture and interviews | Dezeen.
Frank Gehry news, architecture and interviews | Dezeen. Emergence of modern architecture ppt. Modernism - Picture Dictionary of Modern Architecture. The 1963 Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Yale University Library is a Modernist building designed by SOM's Gordon Bunshaft. When did the modern era of architecture begin? Many people believe the roots of 20th century Modernity are with the Industrial Revolution (1820-1870).
The manufacturing of new building materials, the invention of new construction methods, and the growth of cities inspired an architecture that became known as Modern. In 1896, the same year American architect Louis Sullivan gave us his form follows function essay, the Viennese architect Otto Wagner wrote Moderne Architektur—an instruction manual of sorts, A Guidebook for His Students to This Field of Art: Yet the word comes from the Latin modo, meaning "just now," which makes us wonder if every generation has a modern movement. British architect and historian Kenneth Frampton has attempted to "establish the beginning of the period. " Learn More About the Beinecke Library:
International Style of Modern Architecture: Origins, Characteristics. Richard Neutra The life of no other 20th-century architect so epitomized the term International Style as that of Richard Neutra (1892-1970), who gained worldwide recognition as an advocate of modern design. In the United States, he had a strong influence on architecture, particularly in California. In 1922 he came to America, where he worked briefly for Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) at Taliesin and for Holabird and Roche in Chicago, an experience that formed the subject of his first book, Wie Baut Amerikal, published in Stuttgart in 1927. His design for the Lovell (Health) House (1929), Los Angeles, with balconies suspended by steel cables from the roof frame, was, in retrospect, one of the most important works of his career.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Mies van der Rohe, the third and final head of the Bauhaus school, emigrated to Chicago in 1938, where he became director of architecture at the Armour Institute in Chicago (now the Illinois Institute of Technology, IIT). Philip Johnson. The Institute for Sacred Architecture | Articles | Antoni Gaudi: God’s Architect. By Michael S. Rose, appearing in Volume 4 - Download Issue PDF All the great cathedrals have taken centuries to complete. The Cathedral of the Sagrada Familia (Holy Family) in Barcelona, Spain, is no exception. Begun in 1883, only half of this imposing church is now complete. Construction work, however, steadily continues as donations keep coming in to support the work. Sagrada Familia is the most renowned building designed by Spanish architect Antoni Gaudi, whose cause for beatification was opened last year by the Cardinal Archbishop of Barcelona.
It is designed with soaring towers, capped by spires, and is replete with dense symbolism throughout the structure. God’s Architect “My client can wait,” was Gaudi’s genial response to his helpers when delays occurred due to his constant changes to the original plans. Gaudi, known as “neo-Medieval” in his day, developed a unique style of building. Gaudi directed the construction of the church from 1883 until his sudden death in 1926. Barcelona Gaudí: Barcelona Architecture. On this page you'll find an introduction to Barcelona Gaudí Architecture and find out why his work is so important in Barcelona. Gaudí's work is admired by architects around the World as being one of the most unique and distinctive architectural styles. His work has greatly influenced the face of Barcelona architecture and you will see stunning examples of Gaudí's work all around the city centre. Antoni Gaudí was born in Reus in 1852 and received his Architectural degree in 1878.
From the early beginnings his designs were radically different from those of his contemporaries. You will see that most of Gaudí's constructions have an organic look to them. If you look at the Façade of Casa Batlló for instance you will see that the balconies look like sculls and the supports on the windows look like bones. Gaudí adorned many of his buildings with coloured tiles arranged in mosaic patterns. Barcelona Gaudí Architecture - Sagrada Familia Park Güell Casa Batlló. The Bauhaus Building by Walter Gropius (1925-26) : School Building : Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau / Bauhaus Dessau Foundation. The Bauhaus originated in Weimar in 1919 as a new type of design school. In 1924, when further work in Weimar became impossible, the Bauhaus offered itself up to other towns. That Dessau, an aspiring industrial city in central Germany, was chosen by the Bauhaus Masters over Frankfurt am Main, for example, depended in part on the fact that it could offer the Bauhaus a new school building.
Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus in 1919 and its director until 1928, designed the building on behalf of the city of Dessau and in cooperation with Carl Fieger, Ernst Neufert and others in his private architectural practice – the Bauhaus did not have its own department of architecture until 1927. The Bauhaus workshops were integrated within the building’s interior design. The city of Dessau provided money for the new school building on a development site close to the train station and also for the Masters' Houses, and remained the owner of both properties. ARTS & ARCHITECTURE :: ARCHITECTURE images. Germania Nazi Architecture Berlin. Mussolini Monumental Buildings. Published: April 2009 By Michael Z. Wise Inside the high-ceilinged chambers that were built as Benito Mussolini's personal gymnasium, the marble walls glisten as they did when Il Duce flexed his muscles, lifted weights, and swam in the colonnaded pool.
Half a century after the Fascist leader was deposed, all of the oversized doors are still marked with a mammoth M. "The quality of this space is incredible," says Francesco Dal Co, editor of Italy's leading architectural journal, Casabella. Designed by the Modernist architect Luigi Moretti and completed in 1937, the gym is part of a sprawling sports complex originally called the Foro Mussolini, on the northern bank of the Tiber River, a 15-minute taxi ride from central Rome. Recently, Dal Co and other design aficionados gathered in the gym for a symposium on the fate of the complex, now officially called the Foro Italico.
Most visitors to Rome are drawn to the Colosseum, the Forum, Saint Peter's Basilica. Some young people aren't so sure. Favorite Architect - Santiago Calatrava's Works on Pinterest | 37 Pins. Bauhaus Architecture and Walter Gropius. YouTube. London: St. Paul's Cathedral. Hadrian's Wall - Caledonians, Picts and Romans.
Pier Luigi Nervi on Pinterest | 74 Pins. Picture Dictionary of Modern Architecture - International Style. Where can I find Art Nouveau-Jugendstil buildings? Ground Zero Supertower. Engineering Ground Zero - 11.09.2011. World's Tallest Skyscrapers: 2014. Cities of the United States - (Skyscrapers of America) Top 10 Contemporary American Architects by Kaitlin Tilley on Prezi. Difference Between Gothic and Romanesque Architecture | Difference Between | Gothic vs Romanesque Architecture. Modern Architecture on Pinterest. Renaissance Architecture | Essential Humanities. Roman Architecture. Greek Architecture: History, Characteristics. HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE.
Italian Architecture. Architecture, History: Evolution of Building Design. Building the Victorian City: Splendour and Squalour - Professor Simon Thurley. Architecture in the Early 20th Century, Modernism, Bauhaus, DeStijl and International Style. Arts Book Review: Modern Architecture Since 1900 by William J.R. Curtis. History Learning Site. History - A History of British Architecture. AD Interviews: Renzo Piano - Part I.
Renzo Piano Building Workshop. PALLADIO The Architect and His Influence in America.