My Research. High Existence (Build 20100401080539) Most people only think that there is one way to sleep: Go to sleep at night for 6-8 hours, wake up in the morning, stay awake for 16-18 hours and then repeat.
Actually, that is called a monophasic sleep cycle, which is only 1 of 5 major sleep cycles that have been used successfully throughout history. The other 4 are considered polyphasic sleep cycles due to the multiple number of naps they require each day. How is this possible? How is this healthy? Well the most important of every sleep cycle is the Stage 4 REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep, which has been shown to provide the benefits of sleep to the brain above all other stages of sleep. This way, you still get the benefits of 8 hours of sleep without wasting all of the time it takes to get to REM cycles, resulting in a much more efficient sleep cycle. Uberman Cycle: 20 to 30 minute naps every 4 hours, resulting in 6 naps each day. Everyman Cycle: One longer “core” nap that is supplemented with several 20-30 minute naps.
Lateral thinking. Lateral thinking is solving problems through an indirect and creative approach, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic.
The term was coined in 1967 by Edward de Bono.  According to de Bono, lateral thinking deliberately distances itself from standard perceptions of creativity as either "vertical" logic (the classic method for problem solving: working out the solution step-by-step from the given data) or "horizontal" imagination (having many ideas but being unconcerned with the detailed implementation of them).
Methods Critical thinking is primarily concerned with judging the true value of statements and seeking errors. Lateral thinking is more concerned with the "movement value" of statements and ideas. Random Entry Idea Generating Tool: The thinker chooses an object at random, or a noun from a dictionary, and associates it with the area they are thinking about. See also
12 Practical Business Lessons From Social Psychology. The Foot in the Door PhenomenonIt’s been said many times that business is all about people.
That being the case, perhaps we should stop reading management books for advice and start looking at social psychology. Very simply, social psychologists study how people interact with others – their families, friends, and yes, business partners. Smart marketers and executives have been using the findings of this growing field for decades to close sales, hold effective meetings and get their way in negotiations.
But rather than putting you through an academic psychology lesson, we condensed the most useful concepts into one article. Foot In Door The Concept: If you’re wondering how to convince superiors, employees or customers to do what you ask, try using the foot in the door phenomenon. How You Can Use It: This handy principle has countless applications in the business world. Dunning–Kruger effect. The Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which low-ability individuals suffer from illusory superiority, mistakenly assessing their ability as much higher than it really is.
Dunning and Kruger attributed this bias to a metacognitive incapacity, on the part of those with low ability, to recognize their ineptitude and evaluate their competence accurately. Their research also suggests corollaries: high-ability individuals may underestimate their relative competence and may erroneously assume that tasks which are easy for them are also easy for others. Dunning and Kruger have postulated that the effect is the result of internal illusion in those of low ability, and external misperception in those of high ability: "The miscalibration of the incompetent stems from an error about the self, whereas the miscalibration of the highly competent stems from an error about others. " Original study Supporting studies Studies focusing on other cultures Heuristics.
Psychoanalysis. Neuroscience. Disrupt Moral Reasoning. 6 Extremely Ethically Questionable Psychological Experiments. Last week we heard about a French game show in which contestants believed they were giving other contestants life-threatening electric shocks . The stunt was based on the Stanley Milgram experiment , a highly controversial test carried out on normal folk who agreed to take part in a bonkers psychological study back in the 1960s. Alas, that wasn't the only morally questionable experiment of yesteryear. It appears psychologists could get away with anything back in the '50s, '60s and '70s.
So, we present a list of the most bizarre and ethically scant experiments ever conducted. 6. The teacher, who wasn't in on it, read questions followed by four possible answers. If at any time the subject indicated his desire to halt the experiment, he was told by the experimenter (in order): "Please continue," "The experiment requires that you continue," "It is absolutely essential that you continue. " 5. The guards were brutal, humiliating and demoralizing to the prisoners. 4. 3. 2. 1.