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Fall 2013--Wind of Freedom

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The Declaration of Independence: A Transcription. Transcript of Gettysburg Address (1863) Executive Mansion, Washington, , 186 .

Transcript of Gettysburg Address (1863)

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that "all men are created equal" Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of it, as a final resting place for those who died here, that the nation might live. Lincoln, “Gettysburg Address,” Speech Text. [1] Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. [2] Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.

Lincoln, “Gettysburg Address,” Speech Text

We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. [3] But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate-we can not consecrate-we can not hallow-this ground. I Have a Dream, Address at March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom** ‎ I’ve Been to the Mountaintop. Negro Spirituals - 1867.06. The words will be here given, as nearly as possible, in the original dialect; and if the spelling seems sometimes inconsistent, or the misspelling insufficient, it is because I could get no nearer.

Negro Spirituals - 1867.06

I wished to avoid what seems to me the only error of Lowell's "Biglow Papers" in respect to dialect, -- the occasional use of an extreme misspelling, which merely confuses the eye, without taking us any closer to the peculiarity of sound. The favorite song in camp was the following, -- sung with no accompaniment but the measured clapping of hands and the clatter of many feet. It was sung perhaps twice as often as any other. This was partly due to the fact that it properly consisted of a chorus alone, with which the verses of other songs might be combined at random. I. This would be sung for half an hour at a time, perhaps, each person present being named in turn. II. Sometimes it was "tink 'em" (think them) "fare ye well. " III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X.

XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" by T.S. Eliot. RefWorks Folder. Adam Gopnik New Yorker Essay on Camus. Catherine Camus on Her Father, Albert. FACING HISTORY: EBSCOhost. 14 - Essays - Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) More E-texts Essays by Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) Essays: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | Essay 14.

14 - Essays - Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

The Later Lectures of Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1843-1871. Free Will New Advent (Catholic Encyclopedia) Britannica Online Encyclopedia. From the Encyclopædia Britannica.

Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Free will : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online. ‘Free will’ is the conventional name of a topic that is best discussed without reference to the will.

Free will : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online

Its central questions are ‘What is it to act (or choose) freely?’ , and ‘What is it to be morally responsible for one’s actions (or choices)?’ These two questions are closely connected, for freedom of action is necessary for moral responsibility, even if it is not sufficient. Philosophers give very different answers to these questions, hence also to two more specific questions about ourselves: (1) Are we free agents? And (2) Can we be morally responsible for what we do? Incompatibilists hold that freedom is not compatible with determinism. The incompatibilists have a good point, and may be divided into two groups. The second group of incompatibilists is less sanguine. Suitably developed, this argument against moral responsibility seems very strong. Free Will Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 1.

Free Will Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Rational Deliberation 1.1 Free Will as Choosing on the Basis of One's Desires. Is Free Will an Illusion? - The Chronicle Review. Free will has long been a fraught concept among philosophers and theologians.

Is Free Will an Illusion? - The Chronicle Review

Now neuroscience is entering the fray. For centuries, the idea that we are the authors of our own actions, beliefs, and desires has remained central to our sense of self. We choose whom to love, what thoughts to think, which impulses to resist. Or do we? Neuroscience suggests something else. What's at stake? The Chronicle Review brought together some key thinkers to discuss what science can and cannot tell us about free will, and where our conclusions might take us. Free will debate: What does free will mean and how did it evolve? Illustration by Alex Eben Meyer It has become fashionable to say that people have no free will.

Free will debate: What does free will mean and how did it evolve?

Many scientists cannot imagine how the idea of free will could be reconciled with the laws of physics and chemistry. Brain researchers say that the brain is just a bunch of nerve cells that fire as a direct result of chemical and electrical events, with no room for free will. Others note that people are unaware of some causes of their behavior, such as unconscious cues or genetic predispositions, and extrapolate to suggest that all behavior may be caused that way, so that conscious choosing is an illusion.

Scientists take delight in (and advance their careers by) claiming to have disproved conventional wisdom, and so bashing free will is appealing. Richard Dawkins. Genesis, from The holy Bible, King James version. Bible, King James.

Genesis, from The holy Bible, King James version

Genesis — introduction. Genesis is the first book of the Pentateuch (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy), the first section of the Jewish and the Christian Scriptures. Its title in English, “Genesis,” comes from the Greek of Gn 2:4, literally, “the book of the generation (genesis) of the heavens and earth.”

Its title in the Jewish Scriptures is the opening Hebrew word, Bereshit, “in the beginning.” The book has two major sections—the creation and expansion of the human race (2:4–11:9), and the story of Abraham and his descendants (11:10–50:26). The first section deals with God and the nations, and the second deals with God and a particular nation, Israel. The opening creation account (1:1–2:3) lifts up two themes that play major roles in each section—the divine command to the first couple (standing for the whole race) to produce offspring and to possess land (1:28).

Sunday Morning by Wallace Stevens. The Federalist #51. Figures of speech. Like wildflower seeds tossed on fertile ground, the figures of speech, sometimes called the "flowers of rhetoric" (flores rhetoricae), have multiplied into a garden of enormous variety over time. As the right frame of this web resource illustrates, the number of figures of speech can seem quite imposing.

And indeed, the number, names, and groupings of figures have been the most variable aspect of rhetoric over its history. Naming the Figures The figures first acquired their names from the Greeks and Romans who catalogued them. Although attempts have been made to anglicize or update the figures' names, this sometimes proves to confuse things, even though the Greek and Latin terms are odd to modern ears.

Categorizing the Figures Over time these figures have been organized in a variety of different ways in order to make sense of them and to learn their various qualities —much as a scientist might classify the flora of a forest, grouping like species into families.  Glossary of Poetic Terms. Allegory A symbolic narrative in which the surface details imply a secondary meaning. Allegory often takes the form of a story in which the characters represent moral qualities.

The most famous example in English is John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, in which the name of the central character, Pilgrim, epitomizes the book's allegorical nature. Kay Boyle's story "Astronomer's Wife" and Christina Rossetti's poem "Up-Hill" both contain allegorical elements. Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words. Example: "Fetched fresh, as I suppose, off some sweet wood. " Anapest Two unaccented syllables followed by an accented one, as in com-pre-HEND or in-ter-VENE. Antagonist A character or force against which another character struggles. Assonance The repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence or a line of poetry or prose, as in "I rose and told him of my woe.

" Blank verse A line of poetry or prose in unrhymed iambic pentameter. Modern and Classical, Languages, Literatures and Cultures. A Glossary of Rhetorical Terms with Examples This glossary came to us from our late colleague Ross Scaife, who encountered it during his graduate studies at the University of Texas. Chris Renaud gave it to him, stating that it originated with Ernest Ament of Wayne State University. Ross, in turn, added some additional examples. Socrates: The fact is, as we said at the beginning of our discussion, that the aspiring speaker needs no knowledge of the truth about what is right or good... In courts of justice no attention is paid whatever to the truth about such topics; all that matters is plausibility...

Hygini Fabulae. HYGINUS, FABULAE 200 - 277.