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20150822_woc460.png (PNG Image, 580 × 742 pixels) The health problems associated with poor housing and home conditions, inadequate water supplies and sanitation | Health Knowledge. AUHF 2015 - Home. Google. Population Pyramid of AFRICA in 2015. Centre for Affordable Housing Finance Africa. Home & Family | Explore 20th Century London. Families and households got smaller throughout the 20th century. Women in the late 19th century gave birth, on average, to 4.6 children during their lifetime. Having ten or more children was not uncommon. By the 1950s the average had fallen to 2.19 children per woman and by the end of the century London's 'fertility rate' was 1.76 children per woman. London's 'crude birth rate', a measure of population growth, also fell dramatically over the century. Shrinking family sizes was partly a consequence of the changing status of women.

Contraception was another factor. Smaller families, higher divorce rates and more choices for women also meant smaller households, more people living alone, more single parents and more variation in what constitutes a 'family'. As households and families shrank, so standards of living rose hugely throughout the century. Overall, 20th century Londoners were more likely to rent their homes than buy them. Poverty Facts and Stats. This figure is based on purchasing power parity (PPP), which basically suggests that prices of goods in countries tend to equate under floating exchange rates and therefore people would be able to purchase the same quantity of goods in any country for a given sum of money. That is, the notion that a dollar should buy the same amount in all countries. Hence if a poor person in a poor country living on a dollar a day moved to the U.S. with no changes to their income, they would still be living on a dollar a day.

The new poverty line of $1.25 a day was recently announced by the World Bank (in 2008). For many years before that it had been $1 a day. The new figures from the World Bank therefore confirm concerns that poverty has not been reduced by as much as was hoped, although it certainly has dropped since 1981. However, it appears that much of the poverty reduction in the last couple of decades almost exclusively comes from China: Economic issues (44%) biggest problems facing NZ; Housing shortage/ Housing affordability at record high 14% in June – highest in Auckland (21%) and young New Zealanders (18%) In New Zealand, a cross-section of 1,000 men and women aged 14 or over were interviewed by telephone in June 2015.

Respondents were asked: “Firstly, what do you think is the most important problem facing the World today?” And “What do you think is the most important problem facing New Zealand today?” The research conducted was both qualitative (in that people were asked to use their own words) and quantitative (in that the ‘open-ended’ responses were analysed and ‘coded’ so that the results could be counted and reported as percentages). In June 2015, Economic issues 44% (up 4% since March 2015) are still clearly the most important problems facing New Zealand and the biggest problems facing the World today are once again Economic Issues 32% (up 7%) according to the latest Roy Morgan Research conducted in June 2015. New Zealand views on Problems facing New Zealand When asked about the most important problem facing New Zealand, 44% of New Zealanders mention some kind of Economic issue. Homelessness statistics.

Homelessness Australia currently uses statistics from the ABS Census of Housing and Population and the AIHW Specialist Homeless Services data collection for their statistics. The ABS Census is conducted every five years, with the most recent release being for 2011. There are currently 105,237 people in Australia who are homeless.

The rate of homelessness (which takes into account population density) is 49 out of every 10,000 people (0.5% of the population). 25% (or 26,744) are Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians 30% are born overseas. Find more information on homelessness in our fact sheets here. World Population Growth. Britain’s housing crisis is a human disaster. Here are 10 ways to solve it | Society. “Every day I cry,” says an activist on a stall in Stratford, east London, that is shared by housing campaign Focus E15 and the Revolutionary Communist Group. “How many thousands of people are suffering?”

Mark Carney, governor of the Bank of England, has said that problems with housing are the “biggest risk” to the UK economy. The CBI agreed, saying: “A perfect storm is brewing in the housing market. Now is the time for action.” If there is one thing that revolutionary communists and bankers can agree on, it is that there is a housing crisis in Britain. There are too few homes, usually costing too much, often in the wrong places, and often of poor quality. This, you would have thought, would be a gift for any political party. Back in east London, the young mothers of Focus E15 became celebrities when they occupied vacant council properties on the edge of the Olympic Park in the London borough of Newham.

The price of housing is a problem that runs across most social classes. Review of the impact of housing and health-related infrastructure on Indigenous health « Reviews « Physical environment « Determinants. Last update: 2008 Peer review: No Introduction The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines environmental health as encompassing those elements of human health that are influenced by physical, chemical, biological, social and psychological factors in the environment. It also refers to the theory and processes of analysing, managing and preventing those elements in the environment that have the potential to negatively affect the health of present and future generations . This review, which focuses on the role of housing and health-related essential infrastructure and their relevance to the health status of Indigenous peoples in Australia, should be considered in conjunction with the sections providing information on social, cultural and economic aspects.

In addition to housing, the aspects of the physical environment reviewed in this section include the supply of adequate and safe water, access to electricity, sewerage and drainage and rubbish collection. Housing Household size Overcrowding. Singapore, Shanghai, Mexico City: Underground cities, skyscraper. Mexico City has strict building regulations and not a lot of space so they’ve designed a skyscraper that goes underground. Picture: BNKR Arquitectura Source: Supplied THE population may be getting bigger but there’s only so much room for us to live on Earth. To combat the problems associated with over crowding, space and climate change many cities are looking at radical new ideas underground.

With 80 per cent of the world’s population expected to live in cities by the end of the century, urban planners have been faced with the worry of where to put them all. In a 2013 report, the US National Research Council suggested that “facilities underground may be the most successful way to encourage or support the redirection of urban development into sustainable patterns.” Here’s a look at some of the incredible plans of cities around the world for life underground. Singapore It’s one of the most overcrowded countries on the planet. Mexico City Shanghai Helsinki New York London Australia Featured Video. Changing face of public housing demographic leading to overcrowding, lack of supply in Melbourne. Posted A growing number of large families seeking three and four bedroom public housing properties in Melbourne is putting a massive strain on the system, with a lack of appropriate housing being developed to service the change in demographic.

The majority of Melbourne's public housing was built between 1950 and 1970 and was designed for the "working poor" and usually "nuclear families". Today, the wait list for three and four bedroom properties is greater than the wait for one and two bedroom properties. Families with five or more children are being squeezed into properties originally built for single people or nuclear families. At the Ascot Vale Housing Estate in Melbourne's north west, single mother Fartun and her five children live in a small two bedroom flat on the third floor.

With no balcony or elevator, Fartun relies on help from neighbours or passersby to carry her children downstairs or carry groceries upstairs. "My 16-year-old daughter can't study. Overcrowded houses. Overcrowding is a major problem Overcrowding is a common problem in Aboriginal communities and camps. Houses and tin sheds in Alice Springs’ town camp are home to 10 people on average, sometimes to 17 people [1,2], in Mowanjum, an Aboriginal community in Western Australia, about 350 people share 42 houses, most of which have only three bedrooms [3].

Families in Western Australia’s Roebourne community have to share one shower and bathroom with up to 12 people and sometimes up to four generations. The lack of privacy is another concern of overcrowding. Rates of overcrowding increase with remoteness, affecting 13% of adults in major cities, 20% in regional areas and 48% of those in remote areas [14]. A UN Special Rapporteur on Adequate Housing wrote in his report [8]: “The conditions that I saw of overcrowding, up to 30 people living in one house, and the fact that these conditions have existed for 7 decades, it is definitely amongst the worst I’ve seen around the world.” Family visiting. Shipping container skyscrapers aim to solve overcrowding in India. A Spanish architecture firm has proposed a solution to overcrowding in Mumbai's Dharavi​ slums, one of the largest and most crowded ghettos in the world. The building materials may be familiar; we've seen shipping container houses before, so the natural progression would be a whole skyscraper of the boxes.

The 'Containscraper' is two shipping container towers designed by Spanish architecture firm CRG. They say: "The irregular shape of the site gives us total freedom to design. " If built, one structure would tower 400 metres over Mumbai and the adjacent tower would be 200 metres high. Together they would comprise 2,500 recycled shipping containers and provide affordable accommodation for more than 1500 families. The project was by far the tallest proposal at the SuperSkyScrapers competition for container skyscrapers in Mumbai where it took third prize.

The twisting shape of the towers is functional as well as aesthetic, as it distributes the weight of the containers evenly. Image: Dela-Cruz-2014-review-on-phytoremediation-with-indoor-plants-2. How-Living-Green-Walls-Improve-Air-Quality. National Affordable Housing Agreement. The National Affordable Housing Agreement (NAHA) aims to ensure that all Australians have access to affordable, safe and sustainable housing that contributes to social and economic participation.

The NAHA is an agreement by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) that commenced on 1 January 2009, initiating a whole-of government approach in tackling the problem of housing affordability. The new agreement is central to achieving service delivery improvements and allowing COAG to pursue economic and social reforms to underpin growth, prosperity and social cohesion into the future.

The NAHA provides $6.2 billion of housing assistance to low and middle income Australians in the first five years. This agreement replaces the 2003 Commonwealth State Housing Agreement. The National Affordable Housing Agreement is supported by the National Partnership Agreements including the: For further information on the National Partnership Agreements visit the following websites:

30 Eco-Chic Houses Made of 10 Types of Recycled Materials. Waste materials that are reclaimed for new structures can be as simple as a bunch of stacked tires or a boat that’s no longer seaworthy, or as complex as old stone bricks re-sculpted to look like new. They can be roughly cobbled together into rustic cabins, or masterfully incorporated into stunning modern residences along with new materials.

Sometimes they’re left as-is, their signs of age providing a sense of history, and sometimes they’re processed into something that leaves no hint of their origins. These 10 recycled building materials were saved from the landfill and transformed into the following 30 green homes, and many more around the world as like-new materials Bottles & Cans (images via: treehugger, inhabitat, green upgrader, To some, they’re junk, but to others, discarded bottles and cans can be the main materials of a recycled home.

Ships & Boats (images via:,, mr38) Glass Panels & Windows Barns Shipping Containers Grain Bins Tires. Contribute to more compact cities < Contribute to better cities: Lafarge. Germany - Freiburg - Green City | The EcoTipping Points Project. Long famous for its cathedral, university, and cuckoo clocks, Freiburg is now also famous as a “Green City.” It excels in the areas of transportation, energy, waste management, and land conservation, and has created a green economy that perpetuates even more environmental progress. Photo: Courtesy Freiburg Wirtschaft Touristik u. Messe GmbH Freiburg, a city of about 220,000 people and 155 km2 of land, is located in the southwest corner of Germany, at the edge of the Black Forest and near the borders with France and Switzerland.

It was founded in the year 1120, and through the centuries of growth and modernization still maintains its Old World charm and surrounding beauty. With its large academic community, Freiburg was an early stronghold of the Green Movement in the 1970s. Transportation Freiburg was heavily bombed during World War II; little remained of the city center besides the cathedral. In 1969 Freiburg devised its first integrated traffic management plan and cycle path network. In France, a Model Sustainable Suburb. In 2008, the substantially updated town center of Plessis-Robinson, a suburb of Paris, was named “the best urban neighborhood built in the last 25 years” by the European Architecture Foundation. A composite of six connected districts ranging in size from 5.6 to 59 acres, the revitalization comprises public buildings, retail, market-rate and subsidized affordable housing, parks, schools, gardens, sports facilities, and a hospital.

Construction was begun in 1990 and took a decade to complete. From the beginning, the concept was to develop a highly walkable environment, while using locally sourced materials as much as possible, and preserving wetland habitat. The town as a whole now contains seven parks and gardens amounting to over 120 acres of protected green space. The Eco Compact City Network, a European forum for municipalities, developers, architects, and other practitioners interested in green urbanism, describes the intention behind the transformation: Displaced by London's Olympics | UK news.

In the winter of 2003, before the Olympic bid was won, the London Development Agency (LDA) held a meeting for the residents of the Clays Lane estate and said: "We've got plans for this area, and we're going to demolish this estate whatever happens. " We didn't have much media attention on our relocation. I don't know why. My feeling is that people were so wrapped up in the Olympics that they felt hostile towards the people who were in the way. The group that was most successful [in their protests] was the allotments – they made quite an impact.

It was quite a surprise for the LDA to find that the most troublesome people were a bunch of gardeners. This is about regenerating east London, but not for the people who live there now. It's being done for a completely new population, a much richer population who will enjoy the canals that were once used for industrial purposes but are now available for them to live next door to and enjoy the river views and so on.

I had been there since 1991. Overcrowding up 43% in London's social housing sector | Housing Network. WHAT WE DO - The Healthy Living Practices (HLPs) - Healthabitat. Home dampness, current allergic diseases, and respiratory infections among young adults -- Kilpeläinen et al. 56 (6): 462 -- Thorax. VCOSS%20DND%20Final%2028_6.pdf. Shelter and water, lacking and unsafe, A world of inequality, Global change, SOSE: Geography Year 8, ACT | Online Education Home Schooling Skwirk Australia. Home. Bmjcred00018-0017. Hong Kong 2. Housing and Health: Time Again for Public Health Action. Mother speaks out about unsanitary living conditions.

Stair old. Working and Living Conditions - The Industrial Revolution. The health problems associated with poor housing and home conditions, inadequate water supplies and sanitation | Health Knowledge. Poor Quality Housing Tied to Higher Asthma Rates Among Kids. No. 004: Do housing conditions impact on health inequalities between Australia's rich and poor? - AHURI. Habitat For Humanity Australia. YourHome | Australia's guide to designing, building and living in environmentally sustainable homes. Homelessness - Australian Red Cross. Department of Housing and Public Works | History of smart and sustainable housing. Inadequate and Unhealthy Housing, 2007 and 2009. Livable_Housing_Design_Guidelines_Web1. How Inflation Affects Your Cost of Living. Housing assistance in Australia 2015. 3 House design and health. The healthy home. Mould Fact Sheet. 09-178sr.pdf. 4704.0 - The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, 2008. DownloadAsset.

France decrees new rooftops must be covered in plants or solar panels. China's eco-cities: Sustainable urban living in Tianjin. Freiburg, Germany: is this the greenest city in the world? | Environment. Public housing | High-rise towers to remain in Prahran public housing estate. Slum improvement | Urban water and waste. Mega Cities. Living buildings for tomorrow’s cities. Moscow’s Solution for Overcrowding? Expand the Capital. Is there a housing bubble that’s about to burst in Australia? Housing density difference. Get the Facts « Housing Stressed | Australians for Affordable Housing Housing Stressed | Australians for Affordable Housing. Public housing in Australia. Housing stress and the mental health and wellbeing of families | Child Family Community Australia. Architecture of Density Michael Wolf lead. Chapter 26. Changing the Physical and Social Environment | Section 2. Improving the Quality of Housing. Housing and Health. 2049.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Estimating homelessness, 2011.

Housing affordability - AHURI. Living space: housing solutions for developing nations.