Document theory (IEKO) By Michael Buckland Table of contents: 1. Introduction: 1.1. Knowledge organization and document theory; 1.2. Etymology; 1.3. Scope2. History3. Status as a document4. Document relationships: 4.1. [top of entry] 1. Document theory is a field that examines both the concept of a document and how it can serve with other concepts to understand better the complex areas of communication, documentation, information, and knowledge. 1.1. . → Knowledge organization is concerned with describing, representing, organizing, discovery, selection, and retrieval of concepts and of knowledge in a wide variety of contexts. 1.2.
Theory is a view, a perception, an understanding of something, and it is etymologically related to theater. Document, like cognate words in English (e.g. docent, docile, doctor, doctrine) and other Western languages, derives from the root of the Latin verb docere which has a range of meanings centered on teaching, instructing, showing, telling, and demonstrating. 1.3. 2. 3. 4. 4.1. 5. Emerald_S1876-0562(2013)0000008017.
Library & Information Science Syllabi. Mode 2-Konzeption : Transdisziplinarität. Mitte der 1990er Jahre wird in dem einflussreichen Buch The New Production of Knowledge darauf hingewiesen, wie sehr sich die Wissensproduktion in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts durch technologische und gesellschaftliche Entwicklungen massgeblich verändert hat (Gibbons et al. 1994). Die AutorInnen beschreiben die traditionell akademische Wissensproduktion als Mode 1, die neu entstehende als Mode 2. Mode 1 wird als am newtonschen naturwissenschaftlichen Ideal orientierte Wissensproduktion beschrieben, die nur innerhalb eines akademisch-institutionellen Rahmens produziert werden könne.
Die Mode 2-Wissensproduktion hingegen erfolgt in einem konkreten Anwendungskontext, sie ist transdisziplinär, heterogen und weder auf eine bestimmte Lokalität noch auf eine bestimmte akademische Form ausgerichtet. Literatur Mareis, Claudia: Design als Wissenskultur. (vr) Library & Information Science - Google Scholar-Kennzahlen. MIS Quarterly. The rise of social broadcasting technologies has greatly facilitated open access to information worldwide, not only by powering decentralized information production and consumption, but also by expediting information diffusion through social interactions like content sharing.
Voluntary information sharing by users in the context of Twitter, the predominant social broadcasting site, is studied by modeling both the technology and user behavior. A detailed data set about the official content-sharing function on Twitter, called retweet, is collected and the statistical relationships between users’ social network characteristics and their retweeting acts are documented.
A two-stage consumption-sharing model is then estimated using the conditional maximum likelihood estimatio (MLE) method. The empirical results convincingly support our hypothesis that weak ties (in the form of unidirectional links) are more likely to engage in the social exchange process of content sharing. MIS Quarterly. A reliability generalization study (a meta-analysis of reliability coefficients) was conducted on three widely studied information systems constructs from the technology acceptance model (TAM): perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and behavioral intentions.
This form of meta-analysis summarizes the reliability coefficients of the scores on a specified scale across studies and identifies the study characteristics that influence the reliability of these scores. Reliability is a critical issue in conducting empirical research as the reliability of the scores on well-established scales can vary with study characteristics, attenuating effect sizes. In conducting this study, an extensive literature search was conducted, with 380 articles reviewed and coded to perform reliability generalization.
Study characteristics, including technology, sample, and measurement characteristics, for these articles were recorded along with effect size data for the relationships among these variables. MIS Quarterly. The coordination of effort within and among different expert groups is a central feature of contemporary organizations. Within the existing literature, however, a dichotomy has emerged in our understanding of the role played by codification in coordinating expert groups. One strand of literature emphasizes codification as a process that supports coordination by enabling the storage and ready transfer of knowledge. In contrast, another strand highlights the persistent differences between expert groups that create boundaries to the transfer of knowledge, seeing coordination as dependent on the quality of the reciprocal interactions between groups and individuals.
Our research helps to resolve such contested understandings of the coordinative role played by codification. THIS IS AN OPEN-ACCESS ARTICLE. MIS Quarterly. The 50-year march of Moore’s Law has led to the creation of a relatively cheap and increasingly easy-to-use world-wide digital infrastructure of computers, mobile devices, broadband network connections, and advanced application platforms. This digital infrastructure has, in turn, accelerated the emergence of new technologies that enable transformations in how we live and work, how companies organize, and the structure of entire industries. As a result, it has become important for all business students to have a strong grounding in IT and digital innovation in order to manage, lead, and transform organizations that are increasingly dependent on digital innovation.
Yet, at many schools, students do not get such grounding because the required information systems core class is stuck in the past. We present a vision for a redesigned IS core class that adopts digital innovation as a fundamental and powerful concept (FPC). MIS Quarterly. The dominant way of producing knowledge in information systems (IS) seeks to domesticate high-level reference theory in the form of mid-level abstractions involving generic and atheoretical information technology (IT) components. Enacting such epistemic scripts squeezes IS theory to the middle range, where abstract reference theory concepts are directly instantiated or slightly modified to the IS context, whereas IT remains exogenous to theory by being treated as an independent variable, mediator, or moderator. In this design, IT is often operationalized using proxies that detect the presence of IT or its variation in use or cost. Our analysis of 143 articles published in MIS Quarterly and Information Systems Research over the past 15 years demonstrates that over 70 percent of published theory conforms to this mode of producing IS knowledge.
The Concept of Information in Library and Information Science A F...: ingentaconnect. Information is not a difference. (And he would have been rather silly if he had.) Aaron Sloman School of Computer Science, The University of Birmingham, UK This file is Also available as a PDF file (derived from HTML): Installed: 22 Jan 2011 Last updated: 24 Jan 2011; Reformatted May 2015; minor changes Apr 2016 Background What follows is based on section 2.3 of this book chapter: Aaron Sloman, What's information, for an organism or intelligent machine?
How can a machine or organism mean? These ideas are central to the Turing-inspired Meta-Morphogenesis project: CONTENTS Introduction: the Myth What Bateson Actually Wrote Introduction: the Myth What Bateson Actually Wrote. A new direction in information science research: making information science a human science. Introduction Information science is distinguished from other fields by its unabashed focus on the human component of information, its production, its distribution and its use (Beam, 1983; Buckland, 2012; Kline, 2006; Saracevic, 1992, 1999; Wegner, 1983). However, though successful attempts have been made to incorporate user-centred and human friendly systems, the system movement has only taken more resilient and subtle forms behind the façade of modern day systems such as social media, e-books, emails, social networks, digital libraries, second life, e-learning, cloud computing, etc., making the effects of technologies upon humans more systemic and restrictive than ever before.
For much of the literature, the information sources or systems have remained the premier focus of research (Case, 2012). Digital divide and access to information and communication technologies. Problem statement Literature review Individuality characterises humans in their everyday behaviour. Methodology Results. InfoWiss Potsdam sur Twitter : "Preisträger des #dhpreis15 zweiter Platz kommt aus der BSB #library Glückwunsch an Ceynowa und Griebel. #Library-Science" Information as self-organized complexity; a unifying viewpoint. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science—"Featuring the Future" David Bawden City University, London, EC1V 0HB Introduction "The seemingly empty space around us is seething with information. Much of it we cannot be aware of because our senses do not respond to it. Much of it we ignore because we have more interesting things to attend to. But we cannot ignore it if we are seeking a general theory of information.
We cannot live only by reading and writing books" (Brookes 1980: 132) This short paper presents an approach to a theoretical framework for understanding information in the physical, biological and human domains. This short paper draws on a more extensive and more fully argued and referenced study (Organized complexity, meaning and understanding: an approach to a unified view of information for information science, Aslib Proceedings, in press 2007). Information in the physical domain Information in the biological domain.